Quba' Mosque

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Quba Mosque
Quba Mosque in Medina
Quba Mosque in Medina
Location Medina, Arabia
Coordinates 24°26′21.3″N 39°37′02.2″E / 24.439250°N 39.617278°E / 24.439250; 39.617278
Established 1st/7th century
Founder Prophet Muhammad (s)
Architectural information
Dome(s) 6
Minaret(s) 4
Renovation In different periods
Current Status Active
Features The first mosque in Islam, It is mentioned in Qur'an 9:108-109.

Qubāʾ Mosque (Arabic:مسجد قباء) was the first mosque which was built by Prophet Muhammad (s). This mosque was mentioned in Qur'an 9:108-109.

Location

Quba mosque was built six kilometer off Medina in village of Quba, which is currently part of Medina. The name of the mosque is taken from the village which was named after a famous well, called Quba.[1]

Entrance of The Prophet (s) and Building a Mosque

Before staying in Medina in the first year after Hijra, the Prophet Muhammad (s) accepted requests of people of Quba and ordered to build a mosque there. The Prophet (s) entered this village on twelfth[2] or fourteenth of Rabi' I, he stayed in Quba and helped Muslims to build the mosque in a week.[3] In some sources it is mentioned that 'Ammar b. Yasir proposed the idea of building a mosque in Quba;[4] while some other sources stated that 'Ammar played the main role in building Quba mosque which made him the first Muslim who built a mosque.[5]

Features

Inside the Mosque

The Prophet (s) said: "If a person perform wudu (ablution) in his house and say prayers in Quba mosque, the rewards of performing an Umra will be given to him."[6]

Prophet Muhammad (s) always mentioned the significance of Quba mosque. It is mentioned in a narration that after staying in Medina, Prophet Muhammad (s) visited Quba mosque every week on Saturdays in order to say prayers.[7]

Rebuilding

Quba mosque was rebuilt and developed in the time of caliphate of Uthman b. Affan.[8] The second vast rebuilding took place in the time of 'Umar b. Abd al-'Aziz and it remained unchanged so far.

In 555/1160, Jamal al-Din Isfahani, the minister of Mosul ordered to rebuild Quba mosque. It was also rebuilt and repaired in the eighth and ninth/fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Quba mosque was later developed in the time of Ottomans and Saudi government. Nowadays it has several sections with domes built on their roofs.[9]

Quba Mosque in the Qur'an

According to large number of interpreters of Qur'an, the mosque mentioned in Qur'an 9:108 is a reference to Quba mosque:[10]

لَا تَقُمْ فِيهِ أَبَدًا ۚ لَّمَسْجِدٌ أُسِّسَ عَلَى التَّقْوَىٰ مِنْ أَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ أَحَقُّ أَن تَقُومَ فِيهِ ۚ فِيهِ رِجَالٌ يُحِبُّونَ أَن يَتَطَهَّرُوا ۚ وَاللَّـهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُطَّهِّرِينَ
"Do not stand in it ever! A mosque founded on Godwariness from the [very] first day is worthier that you stand in it [for prayer]. Therein are men who love to keep pure, and Allah loves those who keep pure."


The 108th verse of Qur'an 9 expresses two features for Quba mosque: First Quba mosque is more worthy to say prayer there, and second there are men in this mosque who love to purify themselves.

Notes

  1. Bahrām Nasab, Ustuwāna-yi nūr, p. 10.
  2. Masʿūdī, Murūj al-dhahab, vol. 1, p. 634.
  3. Qāʾidān, Tārīkh wa āthār-i Islāmi Makka wa Madīna, p. 226.
  4. Makkī al-Ṣiddīqī, Ḥasan al-Bannāʾ fī faḍl-i Masjid Qubāʾ, p. 34.
  5. Jaʿfariyān, Āthār-i islāmi-yi Makka wa Madīna, p. 201.
  6. Ibn Kathīr al-Dimashqī, al-Bidāya wa l-nihāya, vol. 3, p. 210.
  7. Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 1, p. 188.
  8. Najafī, Madīnashināsī, p. 14-16.
  9. Qāʾidān, Tārīkh wa āthār-i Islāmi Makka wa Madīna, p. 195.
  10. Abū l-Futūḥ al-Rāzī, Rawḍ al-Jinān wa Rawḥ al-Janān, vol. 6, p. 111; Ṭabāṭabāʾī, al-Mīzān, p. 618; Sayyid Quṭb, Fī ẓilāl al-Qurʾān, p. 305.

References

  • Abū l-Futūḥ al-Rāzī, Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī. Rawḍ al-Jinān wa Rawḥ al-Janān. Tehran: Katābfurūshī-yi Islāmiya, [n.d].
  • Bahrām Nasab, Muḥammad Suhayl. Ustuwāna-yi nūr (Nigāhī bi Masjid-i Qubā, nakhustīn bunyān-i taqwā). 1st edition. [n.p]. Markaz-i Pazhūhish-hayi Islāmī Sidā wa Sīmā, 1383 Sh.
  • Ḥāfiz, Muḥammad b. Maḥmūd b. al-Najjār. Akhbār Madīnat al-Rasūl. 3rd edition. [n.p]. Maktab al-Thiqāfa, 1401 AH.
  • Ibn Saʿd, Muḥammad b. Manīʿ al-Ḥāshimī al-Baṣrī. Al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā. Edited by Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Qādir ʿAṭā. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1410 AH-1990.
  • Ibn Kathīr al-Dimashqī, Ismāʿīl b. ʿUmar. Al-Bidāya wa l-nihāya. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1407 AH-1986.
  • Jaʿfariyān, Rasūl. Āthār-i islāmi-yi Makka wa Madīna. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Masʿūdī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-. Murūj al-dhahab wa maʿadin al-jawhar. Translated to Farsi by Abū l-Qāsim Pāyanda. 8th edition. Tehran: Intishārāt-i ʿIlmī wa Farhangī, 1387 Sh.
  • Makkī al-Ṣiddīqī, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Ḥasan al-Bannāʾ fī faḍl-i Masjid Qubāʾ. 1st edition. Riyadh: Dār al-Sharīf li-Nashr wa al-Tawzī', 1418 AH.
  • Najafī, Muḥammad Bāqir. Madīnashināsī. [n.p]. [n.n]. [n.d].
  • Qāʾidān, Aṣghar. Tārīkh wa āthār-i Islāmi Makka wa Madīna. 2nd edition. Qom: Nashr-i Mashʿar, 1374 Sh.
  • Sayyid Quṭb, Muḥammad. Fī ẓilāl al-Qurʾān. 5th edition. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1384 AH.
  • Ṭabāṭabāʾī, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-. Al-Mīzān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Translated to Farsi by Mūsawī Hamidānī. [n.p]. Bunyād-i ʿIlmī wa Fikr-i ʿAllama Ṭabāṭabāʾī, 1363 Sh.