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Ghadir Khumm Mosque

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This article is about Ghadir Khumm mosque. For other uses, see Ghadir (disambiguation).
Ghadir Khumm Mosque
A photo of Ghadir Khumm region
A photo of Ghadir Khumm region
Location Between Mecca and Medina
Features The place where the Prophet (s) made his famous speech of Ghadir

Ghadīr Khumm Mosque (Arabic: مسجد غدير خم) is a mosque between Mecca and Medina in the location of Ghadir Khumm. According to historical reports, this mosque was built in the location where the Prophet (s) made the famous speech of Ghadir and told the people about the wilaya of Imam Ali (a).

This mosque was located about five km away from Juhfa region, but today there is nothing remained of it, thus there are different opinions regarding its precise location. According to al-Shahid al-Awwal (d. 786/1384-5), walls of this mosque were still remaining at his time.

In narrations of the Ahl al-Bayt (a), this mosque has been mentioned and performing prayers was recommended there.

History and Geographical Location

About its location, some have generally mentioned that the mosque was built in a place where the Prophet (s) stood, prayed and introduced Imam Ali (a) as the caliph after himself on the way back from farewell Hajj (Hajjat al-Wada').[1] Some have also mentioned some details about its geographical details such as in Mu'jam ma ista'jam, where al-Bakri has mentioned its location between Ghadir and the water spring.[2] Also in Mu'jam al-buldan, Yaqut al-Himawi has mentioned, "Khumm is a place where there is a water spring and between Ghadir and the spring, there is a mosque."[3]

It has been mentioned that the building of the mosque was ruined after a flood during Ottoman rule.[4][5] Also in both of his books, al-Shahid al-Awwal has mentioned about the building of the mosque that, "its walls have remained until now, and it is a famous mosque and usually the way of hajj pilgrims passed that way."[6]

In Miftah al-jannat, Muhsin al-Amin said, "This mosque is famous, and some of the Shia kings of India reconstructed it at the time of al-Shaykh Murtada al-Ansari."[7]

Merits and Recommended Practices

Based on narrations, Shia scholars in hadith and jurisprudence have mentioned the mosque of Ghadir and the recommendation of performing prayer and reciting supplication there. In this regard, Kashif al-Ghita' (d. 1227/1812-3) said, "Imam Musa al-Kazim (a) said, 'pray there because it has rewards and my father recommended to it.'[8]

And Imam al-Sadiq (a) said, 'performing prayer in Ghadir mosque is recommended because the noble Prophet (s) introduced Imam Ali (a) as his caliph there and demonstrated the truth.' And the left side of the mosque is better because when Imam al-Sadiq (a) looked at the left side of the mosque, he (a) said, ' the place this is the Prophet (s) stood.'"[9]

Among Shia hadith references, in al-Kafi, al-Kulayni has dedicated an independent part to Ghadir mosque and related narrations including the one narrated by 'Abd al-Rahman b. Hajjaj who said that, "… I asked Musa b. Ja'far (a) about the virtue of performing prayer in the mosque of Ghadir Khum. He (a) replied, 'perform prayer there because there are great rewards for it and my father always recommended it.'"

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi, Ibn Hamza, Ibn Idris, al-'Allama al-Hilli, Hurr al-'Amili, al-Shaykh Yusuf al-Bahrani and Muhammad Hasan al-Najafi (known as Sahib Jawahir) have mentioned about the mosque of Ghadir in their works and have considered the prayer (two rak'as) there recommended and having great rewards.[10]

See Also

Notes

  1. Samhudī, Wafāʾ al-wafā, vol. 3, p. 171.
  2. Bakrī, Muʿjam mā istaʿjam, vol. 2, p. 368.
  3. Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān, vol. 2, p. 389.
  4. Qāʾidān, Tārīkh wa āthār-i Islāmi Makka wa Madīna, p. 166.
  5. Samhudī, Wafāʾ al-wafā, vol. 3, p. 171.
  6. Shahīd al-Awwal, al-Dhikrā al-shīʿa, vol. 3, p. 117-118;Shahīd al-Awwal, al-Durūs al-sharʿīyya, vol. 2, p. 19.
  7. Amīn, Miftāḥ al-jannāt, vol. 2, p. 33.
  8. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 1, p. 566.
  9. Kāshif al-Ghitāʾ, Kashf al-ghitāʾ, vol. 3, p. 73-74.
  10. Ṭabasī, Masjid Ghadīr, Mīqat Ḥajj Journal, p. 138-140.

References

  • Amīn, Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Miftāḥ al-jannāt fī al-adʿiyya wa al-aʿmāl wa al-ṣalawāt wa al-ziyārāt. Beirut: Muʾassisa al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1420 AH.
  • Bakrī, ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz. Muʿjam mā istaʿjam min asmāʿ al-bilād wa al-mawāḍiʿ. Edited by Muṣṭafā Saqqā. Beirut: Ālam al-Kutub, 1403/1983.
  • Ḥamawī, Yāqūt b. ʿAbd Allāh al-. Muʿjam al-buldān. Beirut: Dār al-Ṣādir, [n.d].
  • Kāshif al-Ghitāʾ, Jaʿfar b. Khiḍr. Kashf al-ghitāʾ ʿan mubhamāt al-sharīʿa al-gharrā. Qom: Daftar-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī-yi Ḥawza-yi Ilmīya-yi Qom, [n.d].
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Al-Kāfī. Edited by ʿAlī Akbar Ghaffārī. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1388 AH.
  • Samhudī, ʿAlī b. ʿAbd Allāh. Wafāʾ al-wafā bi akhbār dar al-Muṣṭafā. Edited by Maḥfūz Khālid ʿAbd al-Ghanī. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, [n.d].
  • Qāʾidān, Aṣghar. Tārīkh wa āthār-i Islāmi Makka wa Madīna. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Shahīd al-Awwal, Muḥammad b. Makkī. Al-Durūs al-sharʿīyya fī fiqh al-imāmiyya. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1417 AH.
  • Shahīd al-Awwal, Muḥammad b. Makkī. Al-Dhikrā al-shīʿa fī aḥkām al-sharīʿa. Qom: Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt li-Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, 1377 Sh.
  • Ṭabasī, Muḥammad Jaʿfar. Masjid Ghadīr. Mīqat Ḥajj Journal. No 12. Summer 1374 Sh.