Muhammad Thaqafi Tihrani

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Muhammad Thaqafi Tihrani
Personal Information
Full NameMirza Muhammad Thaqafi Tihrani
Well-Known RelativesImam Khomeini, Mirza Abu l-Fadl Kalantar, Khadija Thaqafi
Place of BirthTehran
Studied inSeminary of Tehran and Qom
DeathAugust 9,1985
Burial PlaceShrine of 'Abd al-'Azim al-Hasani
Scholarly Information
ProfessorsSayyid Abu l-Hasan Qazwini, Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri

Muḥammad Thaqafī Nūrī, known as Mīrzā Muḥammad Thaqafī Tihrānī (b. 1895, d. 1985), was a Shiite scholar of the twentieth century and the author of the Qur'anic exegesis, Ravan-i javid. Thaqafi studied in seminary of Tehran and Qom, and received permissions for ijtihad from Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri and Muhammad Rida Isfahani Masjidshahi.

Mirza Muhammad composed poems and elegies of Ahl al-Bayt (a). He has some works in Islamic jurisprudence, philosophy, Theology, and exegesis of the Qur'an, most of which are commentaries on work by other scholars.

He was Imam Khomeini's father-in-law.


Mirza Muhammad Thaqafi was the son of Mirza Abu l-Fadl Kalantar. He was born in Jumada II 1313/November 1895 in Tehran. In 1923, he migrated to Qom, and after seven years, he returned to Tehran. Until his death, he resided in Paminar Street in Tehran, serving as the imam of congregational prayers and propagating religious doctrines. He died on Dhu l-Qa'da 22, 1405/August 9, 1985. He was buried in the Shrine of 'Abd al-'Azim al-Hasani in Rey. According to Sharif Razi, he died in 1404 (1984), and was buried in the holy shrine of Imam al-Rida (a).


Thaqafi had five daughters and a son. One of his daughters, Khadija Thaqafi, was the wife of Imam Khomeini.


Thaqafi began his studies in his birthplace. He studied the preliminaries, Arabic literature, jurisprudence, and principles of jurisprudence with Mirza Kuchak Sawuji and Aqa Buzurg Sawuji. In 1341/1923-4, he migrated to Qom, where he attended the lectures of Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Qazwini and Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim Ha'iri. He also attended the lectures of Muhammad Rida Isfahani Masjidshahi for a while. He received permissions of ijtihad from Shaykh 'Abd al-Karim and Shaykh Muhammad Rida Isfahani. He also received a permission for transmission of hadiths from Masjidshahi on Sha'ban 3, 1345/February 6, 1927.


Mirza Muhammad composed poems in Persian and Arabic. He composed poems and qasidas in praise and elegies of Ahl al-Bayt (a), including a "ghadiriyya" in the praise of Imam 'Ali (a).


Mirza Muhammad has left some work, including:

  • Commentaries on lecture notes of Manzuma by Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Rafi'i Qazwini
  • Ghurar al-'awa'id; commentaries on Ayatollah Ha'iri's Durar al-fawa'id
  • Commentaries on al-Suyuti
  • Lectures notes of the issues of Nikah (marriage) by Ayatollah Ha'iri
  • An essay on the impermissibility of resort to unjust rulers
  • Commentaries on Sha'rani's Rah-i sa'adat
  • Collections of poems (diwan)