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Sa'id b. Hibat Allah al-Rawandi

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مزار قطب راوندی.jpg
Tomb of Qutb al-Din al-Rawandi in the Shrine of Lady Fatima al-Ma'suma (a)
Personal Information
Birth ?, Rawand
Studied in Qom
Death 573/1177
Burial Place Qom
Scholarly Information
Professors Al-Fadl b. al-Hasan al-Tabrisi, 'Imad al-Din al-Tabari, ...
Students Ibn Shahrashub, Muntajab al-Din al-Razi, ...
Works Al-Khara'j wa l-jara'ih, Tahafut al-falasifa, Minhaj al-bara'a fi sharh nahj al-balagha, ...

Quṭb al-Dīn Abū l-Ḥusayn Saʿīd b. ʿAbd Allah b. Ḥusayn b. Hibat Allah al-Rāwandī al-Kāshānī, (Arabic: قطب‌الدين ابوالحسين سعيد بن عبدالله بن حسين بن هبةالله الراوندي الکاشاني) (d. 573/1177) known as al-Qutb al-Rawandi, a hadith scholar, exegete, theologian, jurist, philosopher and a great Shi'a historian in the sixth/twelfth century, and was al-Shaykh al-Tabrisi's student. He has a lot of works, but al-Khara'j wa al-jara'ih is the most prominent.

Ibn Shahrashub al-Mazandarani and Shaykh Muntajab al-Din al-Razi are the most well-known students of him.

Life

He was born in Rawand, a town near Kashan, but his exact birthday is unknown.[1]

It is said that his teknonyms were Abu l-Hasan and Abu l-Husayn[2].

According to al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin he has three sons: 'Ali, Muhammad, Husayn[3]

Education

Initially he was taught by his father and his grandfather and then set off for Qom. According to Afandi l-Isfahani, he received and narrated some hadiths from hadith authorities in Isfahan, Khurasan, and Hamadan.[4]

In the View of Scholars

  • Allama Amini stated about him: al-Rawandi is one of the heads of Shi'a scholars, chosen of the sect, one of the jurisprudence and hadith masters, and an intelligent man in knowledge and literature. No fault is seen in his plenty of works, his honors, his efforts and religious works, his good deeds, and great books.[5]
  • The author of Rawdat al-jannat has praised him elaborately. In an introduction to Qutb al-Din al-Rawandi he states: He is jurist, a prominent and reliable person having diverse works[6].
  • Shaykh 'Abbas Qumi has written about him: He was a scholar, jurist, muhaddith and researcher. He absolutely is one of the great muhaddiths of Shi'a[8],
  • Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, a Sunni scholar, states about him: He is Shi'a and masters all fields of knowledge. Also, he has works in every kind[9].

Masters

Students

  • Rashid al-Din Muhammad b. 'Ali, well-known as Ibn Shahrashub, his most prominent student
  • Muntajab al-Din al-Razi
  • Nasir al-Din al-Husayn b. Sa'id al-Rawandi, his son
  • Zahir al-Din Muhammad b. Sa'id al-Rawandi, another son of his
  • Qadi Jamal al-Din 'Ali b. 'Abd al-Jabbar al-Tusi
  • Qadi Ahmad b. 'Ali b. 'Abd al-Jabbar al-Tusi
  • Faqih 'Ali b. Muhammad al-Mada'ini
  • Faqih 'Izz al-Din Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-'Alawi al-Baghdadi
  • Ziyn al-Din Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Hamid b. Muhammad al-Da'widar

Works

Kitab al-Kara'ij wa al-Jara'ih

His works are said to include 60 books and treatises in different fields including exegesis of the Qur'an, Nahj al-Balagha, theology and philosophy, hadith, history, jurisprudence and principles of jurisprudence. Al-Khara'ij wa l-jara'ih is his the most prominent book which revolves around the issue of miracle and the Prophet's lifestyle.

Death and Death Place

He passed away at 573/1177.[11] His corpse was buried in the Shrine of Lady Ma'suma (a). Currently, his tomb, which was constructed by order of Ayatollah Mar'ashi Najafi, can be easily observed by every pilgrim passing the Atabaki (Imam Rida (a)) courtyard (sahn).

Ayatollah Araki narrates:

"Akhund Muhammad Hasan Jalali narrated that his master Shaykh Muhammad Husayn stated: when the minister was repairing the holy courtyard (circa the time of Constitutional Revolution of Iran in 1905), a gravel hole was seen to al-Qutb al-Rawandi's tomb and I witnessed that his knees had not decomposed."

Ayatullah Araki continues:

"I had heard this before. It was very common and repetitive among the people of Qom that al-Rawandi's corpse is still fresh."

Notes

  1. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 239.
  2. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 239.
  3. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 240. 240
  4. Afandī Iṣfahānī, Riyāḍ al-ʿulamāʾ, vol. 2, p. 425.
  5. Amīnī, al-Ghadīr, vol. 5, p. 379.
  6. Khāwnsārī, Rawḍāt al-jannāt, vol. 4, p. 6-7.
  7. Afandī Iṣfahānī, Riyāḍ al-ʿulamāʾ, vol. 2, p. 419.
  8. Qummī, al-Kunā wa l-alqāb, vol. 3, p. 72.
  9. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Lisān al-mīzān, vol. 3, p. 48.
  10. Khāwnsārī, Rawḍāt al-jannāt, vol. 4, p. 7.
  11. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 105, p. 135.

References

  • Afandī Iṣfahānī, ʿAbd Allāh. Riyāḍ al-ʿulamāʾ wa ḥiyāḍ al-fuḍalāʾ. Qom: Maṭbaʿat al-Khayyām, [n.d].
  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Edited by Ḥasan Amīn. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf, 1421 AH.
  • Amīnī, ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn. Al-Ghadīr fī al-kitāb wa al-sunna wa al-ʾadab. Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-ʿArabī, [n.d].
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Lisān al-mīzān. Beirut: Muʾassisa al-Aʿlamī, 1390 AH.
  • Khāwnsārī, Muḥammad Bāqir. Rawḍāt al-jannāt fī aḥwāl al-ʿulamā wa al-sādāt. Qom: Ismāʿīlīyān, [n.d].
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Wafāʾ, 1403 AH.
  • Mahdīpūr, ʿAlī Akbar. Ajsād-i Jāwīdān. Qom: Ḥādhiq, 1389 sh.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Al-Kunā wa l-alqāb. Tehran: Maktabat al-Ṣadr, [n.d].