Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi

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Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi
Personal Information
Religious AffiliationTwelver
Place of BirthNajaf
DeathRajab 26, 1433/June 16, 2012
Burial PlaceNajaf
Scholarly Information
ProfessorsAyatollah al-Khu'i, Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim and etc.

Bāqir Sharīf al-Qarashī (Arabic: باقر شريف القرشي) (b. 1344/1925-6 - d. 1433/2012) is a Shiite researcher, historian, and author from Iraq. He attended the advanced courses of Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei for about twenty years. Al-Qarashi wrote numerous works, including a collection of books concerning life histories of the Imams of the Shia. Because of the ruling system in Iraq, some of his writings and essays have a political and social flavor to them. Al-Qarashi frequently visited Iran, and won the fifth yearbook of Wilaya in 2003.


Birth and Lineage

Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi was born in 1344/1925-6 in Najaf. His father, al-Shaykh Sharif, was a scholar in Najaf, and his grandfather was al-Shaykh Mahdi al-Qarashi.[1] Qarsh or Qarash was a well-known family in Najaf. He was from Shams area in Kut, from a tribe from Ja'afira. People who go to Najaf from these regions were called "al-Qarashi."[2]


Al-Shaykh Baqir Sharif and his brother, al-Shaykh Hadi al-Qarashi, studied preliminaries and Arabic syntax with al-Shaykh Husayn Khalifa al-Ahsa'i, and then they attended the lectures of al-Shaykh Muhammad 'Ali al-Dimashqi. They then studied Mukhtasar al-bayan with al-Shaykh 'Abbas al-Muzaffar, principles of jurisprudence with al-Shaykh Bashir al-'Amili, and al-Lum'a with al-Sayyid Musa al-Ba'aj. After then, al-Shaykh Baqir studied Fara'id al-usul with al-Sayyid Mahmud al-Mar'ashi and Kifayat al-usul with al-Shaykh Muhammad Tahir Al al-Shaykh al-Radi. According to al-Qarashi, he attended advanced lectures of Ayatollah al-Khoei for twenty years, and his notes from Ayatollah al-Khoei's lectures are preserved in the Library of al-Imam al-Hasan.[3]

Other teachers of Baqir Sharif include al-Shaykh Muhammad Taqi al-Irawani, al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Nuri, and al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim.


Al-Shaykh Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi died on Sunday, Rajab 26, 1433/June 16, 2012, in Najaf, and Ayatollah al-Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim said funeral prayer on his corpse.[4]

Scholarly and Political Activities

According to Baqir Sharif himself, during the government of Abd al-Karim Qasim, communist thoughts were being propagated, as proponents of communism held seminars and conferences. Thus, he and other scholars and seminary students held speeches, circulated statements, and wrote books such as al-Nizam al-siyasi fi l-Islam (the political system in Islam), al-Nizam al-ijtima'i fi l-Islam (the social system in Islam), al-'Amal wa huquq al-'amil fi l-Islam (action and the rights of the agent in Islam), Fi anzimat al-hukm wa l-idara (on organizations of ruling and administration), which were welcomed by people, some were translated into English, and are taught in some academic centers.[5]

In that period where there was heavy censorship imposed on publishers, he decided to leave Iraq and migrate to a country where he could continue his political, scholarly, and cultural activities.[6]

Foundation of a Library

In 1414/1993-4, Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi and his brother al-Shaykh Hadi Sharif al-Qarashi founded a library under al-Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba in Najaf.[7]


Sharif al-Qarashi wrote many works concerning different issues, including a collection of life histories of the Imams of the Shia under "Hayat al-Imam …".[8]

Relationships with Imam Khomeini

According to Sharif al-Qarashi, during his exile in Iraq when Imam Khomeini was about to leave Iraq, he heard that Sharif was about to publish a book concerning the political system in Islam, and thus, he sent some money to help publish the book.[9] When Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi heard the news of the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, he prayed and thanked God in the Shrine of Amir al-Mu'minin.[10]

Selected Author

In the ceremonies of Wilaya Yearbook in 1382 sh/2003-4, al-Shaykh Baqir al-Qarashi was selected as the best author, and was given the prize of the fifth term of Wilaya Yearbook for his lifetime devotion to research concerning the religion and Ahl al-Bayt (a).[11] Moreover, when Saddam's government fell in 2003, he entered Iran, where he was honored by scholarly figures and seminary institutes in Qom.[12]


  1. Āl Maḥbūba, ‘’Maḍī l-Najaf wa ḥāḍiruhā’’, 1406 AH, vol. 3, p. 77
  2. Guftugū bā Sharīf Qarashī, 1382 Sh.
  3. "Guftugū bā Sharīf Qarashī", 1382 Sh.
  4. Official site of al-Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim
  5. “Guftugū bā Sharīf Qarashī”, 1382 Sh.
  6. “Guftugū bā Sharīf Qarashī”, 1382 Sh.
  7. Official website of the Library of the Islamic Consultative Assembly: Muwarrikh-i buzurg-i tārīkh-i Ahl-i Bayt (a) dargozasht.
  8. “Guftugū bā Sharīf Qarashī”, 1382 Sh.; Kitabkhāna-yi takhaṣṣusī-yi Amīr al-Muʾminīn-i Mashhad, Āthār-i Shaykh Bāqir-i Qarashī
  9. Gulshan-i abrār, 1385Sh, vol. 6, p. 413
  10. Gulshan-i abrār, 1385Sh, vol. 6, p. 413
  11. Mehr News Agency, Barguzīdigān-i panjumīn duwra-yi kitāb-i sāl-i wilāyat muʿarrif-i shudand
  12. Kitābkhāna-yi Takhaṣṣuṣī-yi Amīr al-Muʾminīn, Āyatullāh Shaykh Bāqir Sharīf Qarashī darguzasht


  • Āl Maḥbūba, Jaʿfar Shaykh Bāqir. ‘’Maḍī l-Najaf wa ḥāḍiruhā’’. Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, 1406 AH.
  • “Guftugū bā Sharīf Qarashī”, ‘’Kitāb-i māh-i dīn’’, mehr 1382 Sh, no. 72
  • Group of authors of Pajhūhishkada-yi Bāqir al-ʿUlūm. ‘’Gulshan-i abrār’’. Qom, Nūr al-Sajjād, 1385Sh.