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Al-Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim

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Al-Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim
Personal Information
Well-Known Relatives Al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim
Birth 1935
Place of Birth Najaf
Residence Najaf
Scholarly Information
Professors Al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim, Husayn al-Hilli, Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei
Works Al-Muhkam fi usul al-fiqh, Misbah al-minhaj
Official Website

Al-Sayyid Muḥammad Saʿīd al-Tabātabāʾī al-Ḥakīm (Arabic: السید محمدسعید الطباطبایي الحكیم, b. 1935) is a Shiite marja' in Iraq. He is the son of al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim's daughter, a Shiite marja' in the fourteenth/twentieth century. Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim began his seminary education since childhood. He was a student of al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim, Husayn al-Hilli, and al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei. Since young ages, he taught jurisprudence and principles of jurisprudence as well as ethics and Quranic exegesis.

Al-Hakim wrote works concerning jurisprudence, principles of jurisprudence, theology, and social issues. Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim was imprisoned for eight years during the period of Saddam Hussein. After the death of al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei, he became a Shiite marja'. His representative offices are active in cities such as Najaf, Qom, Damascus, and Beirut.

Birth and Family

Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id al-Tabataba'i al-Hakim was born in Najaf in 1935.[1] His father, al-Sayyid Muhammad 'Ali, was a teacher of advanced levels in the Seminary of Najaf, and his mother was the daughter of al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim.[2]

Scholarly Activities

Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim began seminary studies with his father at the age of ten. He was taught by his father throughout the whole intermediary level of seminary educations. He then attended advanced lectures by scholars such as al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim and Husayn al-Hilli.[3] Allegedly, al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim assigned him with the task of editing and extracting the sources of his Mustamsak al-'urwat al-wuthqa.[4]

Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim began teaching advanced courses of jurisprudence and principles of jurisprudence. He also teaches Quranic exegesis and ethics.[5]

Teachers and Students

Al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim, Husayn al-Hilli, Mirza Hasan Burujirdi, al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei, Muhamad Husayn Gharawi Isfahani were among his most important teachers.[6]

Some of his students who are active in Iran, Iraq, and Arabia are,

  • Husayn Faraj 'Imran al-Qatifi
  • Al-Sayyid 'Abd al-Razzaq al-Hakim, his brother.
  • Baqir Irwani[7]


Al-Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim has published twenty four books within over forty volumes concerning jurisprudence, principles of jurisprudence, new jurisprudential problems, and some social issues. Some of his works are translated into other languages as well.[8]

His most important works include al-Muhkam fi usul al-fiqh concerning principles of jurisprudence in six volumes,[9] and Misbah al-minhaj in nineteen volumes, which is an exposition of the jurisprudential book, Minhaj al-salihin, by al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim.[10]

He also wrote about new problems such as cloning, computers, and the cyberspace.[11]

Social Activities

Al-Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim was chased and wanted by the Ba'ath regime and was a fugitive for a while because of his opposition to the approval of a legislation by which walking for the pilgrimage of Imam al-Husayn (a) was banned during the government of Saddam Hussein.[12] Moreover, he and eighty members of al-Hakim Family were arrested and he was imprisoned for eight years because of their refusal to attend an Islamic popular conference organized at the command of Saddam Hussein.[13]

After the death of al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei, al-Sayyid Muhammad Sa'id undertook the marja'iyya of Shi'as. Today, his representative offices are active in Najaf, Qom, Damascus, and Beirut, responding to questions by Shi'as.[14] He also sends preachers to different parts of Iraq, particularly its southern parts, in order to solve the problems of nomads and villagers. He did similar activities in Iran, India, and Pakistan.[15]

Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim took a stand on the massacre of Shi'as in Pakistan by a group called "Sahabah", announcing that the Pakistani government should respond to these attacks. Nawaz Sharif, the prime minister of Pakistan, wrote a reply to his statement, expressed his sympathies, and announced the resolution of his government to fight the agents of the Shiite massacre.[16]

Al-Hakim's works include letters he wrote to people of Azerbaijan and Gilgit in Pakistan.[17]


Muhammad Sa'id al-Hakim has propounded novel views concerning certain jurisprudential issues. For example, he believes that the punishment of an apostate (a person who opts out of Islam) is outside the domain of jurists.[18] Also, with regard to the problem of moon sighting (at the beginning of lunar months), he identifies horizons of Asia, Africa, and Oceania. On this fatwa, if the crescent is seen in a city in one of these regions, the lunar month begins in all these regions, and all its jurisprudential rulings will ensue.[19]


  1. Biography at
  2. Sajjād, ‘’Uswa-yi fiqāhat wa pāydārī’’, 1428 AH, p. 16
  3. Sajjād, ‘’Uswa-yi fiqāhat wa pāydārī’’, 1428 AH, p. 19-20
  4. Sajjād, ‘’Uswa-yi fiqāhat wa pāydārī’’, 1428 AH, p. 31
  5. Sajjād, ‘’Uswa-yi fiqāhat wa pāydārī’’, 1428 AH, p. 35-36
  6. Sajjād, ‘’Uswa-yi fiqāhat wa pāydārī’’, 1428 AH, p. 34
  7. Biography at
  8. Biography at
  9. Sajjād, ‘’Uswa-yi fiqāhat wa pāydārī’’, 1428 AH, p. 37
  10. Biography at
  11. Sajjād, ‘’Uswa-yi fiqāhat wa pāydārī’’, 1428 AH, p. 40
  12. Sajjād, ‘’Uswa-yi fiqāhat wa pāydārī’’, 1428 AH, p. 46
  13. Sajjād, ‘’Uswa-yi fiqāhat wa pāydārī’’, 1428 AH, p. 52-53
  14. Biography at
  15. Biography at
  16. Biography at
  17. Biography at
  18. Official website: questions
  19. Shafaqna, interview with Riyāḍ al-Ḥakīm