Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis

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Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis
Full NameJamal Ja'far al-Tamimi
Well-known AsAbu Mahdi al-Muhandis
Religious AffiliationShia Islam
Place of BirthBasra
MartyrdomJanuary 3, 2020
Cause of MartyrdomUS drone attack near Baghdad Airport
Burial PlaceWadi al-Salam cemetery in Najaf.
Notable rolesDeputy of the commander of al-Hashd al-Sha'bi

Jamāl Jaʿfar Muḥammad ʿAlī Āl Ibrāhīm, well-known as Abū Mahdī al-Muhandis (Arabic: أبو مهدي المهندس), was deputy of the commander of the Popular Mobilization Forces of Iraq (al-Hashd al-Sha'bi). He was a member of Islamic Da'wa Party and Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq. He was one of the founders of Kata'ib Hizb Allah and al-Hashd al-Sha'bi and was one of the most influential Iraqi commanders in ousting ISIS from Iraq. Abu Mahdi was martyred along with Qasem Soleimani on January 3, 2020, by a US drone near Baghdad Airport.


Jamal Ja'far Muhammad Ali Al Ibrahim al-Tamimi, known by his kunya and epithet Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, was born in Basra in 1954 to an Iraqi father and an Iranian mother. He entered the University of Technology in Baghdad in 1973 and received his bachelor's degree in civil engineering. He continued his education in political sciences and later received his Ph.D. He also studied elementary hawza lessons in Basra in the school of Ayatollah Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim.


The US had placed Abu Mahdi on its list of terrorists since 2009. On January 3, 2020, and following a US drone attack, he was martyred along with Qasem Soleimani and several others near Baghdad Airport. Their bodies were taken to Kadhimiyya, Karbala, Najaf, Ahwaz, Mashad, Tehran and Qom. Abu Mahdi had a funeral in Basra and was then buried in Wadi al-Salam cemetery in Najaf.

Public demonstrations were held in some countries, including Bahrain, Yemen and Pakistan, to condemn the assassination of Abu Mahdi and Soleimani.

Political and Military Activities

Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis joined Islamic Dawa Party in the early 1970s. When he became a wanted man, he had no choice but to leave Iraq. First, he went to Kuwait then entered Iran. He became a member of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq in 1985.

Abu Mahdi joined Badr Army in 1983 and was appointed as its commander in 2002. He was in charge of an attempt on Tariq Aziz, Iraq's foreign minister under Saddam Hussain. Abu Mahdi was one of the founders of Kata'ib Hizb Allah in Iraq. Following the establishment of al-Hashd al-Sha'bi in Iraq, he was appointed as the deputy of its commander. However, as experts state, he was considered the leading commander of al-Hashd al-Sha'bi on the battlefield. He played a crucial role in the planning and implementing the operation to oust ISIS from Iraq.

See Also