Sharif al-'Ulama'

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Sharif al-'Ulama'
Personal Information
Well-Known AsSharif al-'Ulama'
Studied inShi'a Seminary of Karbala
Burial PlaceKarbala, inside his own house
Scholarly Information
ProfessorsAl-Sayyid Muhammad al-Mujahid, Sayyid 'Ali b. Muhammad 'Ali Tabataba'i, Shaykh Muhammad Hasan Yasin

Muḥammad Sharīf b. Ḥasan ʿAlī al-Māzandarānī (Arabic: محمد شريف بن حسن علی المازندراني) (d. 1246/1830-1), known as Sharīf al-ʿUlamāʾ (Arabic: شريف العلماء مازندراني), was a Shi'a faqih (jurist) of the 13th/19th century. He was a student of al-Sayyid Muhammad al-Mujahid and al-Sayyid 'Ali al-Tabataba'i. He was a teacher to al-Shaykh al-Ansari, Sayyid Shafi' Japalaqi, Isma'il Yazdi, and Fadil Darbandi.


Sharif al-'Ulama' was originally from Amol, Mazandaran - i.e. his father was from there - so he was called al-Amuli and al-Mazandarani. He was born in Karbala and passed most of his life there, so he was called al-Ha'iri.

Teachers and Works

Muhammad Sharif has narrated hadiths from Muhammad Hasan Yasin and was his student. In Karbala, first, he was a student of al-Sayyid Muhammad al-Mujahid, then he became a student of al-Sayyid 'Ali al-Tabataba'i for nine years. Afterward, he travelled to Iran. In Iran, he did not stay in any town more than one or two months and because he did not find anyone for the cooperation he went to Mashhad to perform ziyarah of Imam al-Rida (a) and from there he returned to Karbala.

Toward the end of the life of al-Sayyid 'Ali al-Tabataba'i, students of Islamic seminary became interested in Sharif al-'Ulama's sessions. He held different classes for beginners, non-beginners, and a special group of students on holidays. Even on holidays he held his classes. During the month of Ramadan, which is usually a holiday in Islamic seminary, he taught his student until midnight. He taught in Khan smeminary and about one thousand students participated in his sessions.

Sharif al-'Ulama' did not author many works. His few works have not been compiled as books and most have not been published. Risalat fi muqaddamat al-wajib is one of his works.


Some of his most famous students are:


Mulla Muhammad Sharif passed away by the plague outbreak in 1246/1830-1 in Karbala and was buried in his house. Nowadays, his grave is well-known.