Al-Mir al-Saghir

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Ja'far b. Husayn al-Khwansarihttp://en.wikishia.net
Personal Information
Teknonym Abu l-Qasim
Well-Known As Aqa Mirza, al-Mir al-Saghir
Lineage Khwansari family
Well-Known Relatives Muhammad Baqir Khwansari
Birth 1163/1749-50
Studied in Khwansar, Isfahan
Death 1240/1824-5
Burial Place Khwansar
Scholarly Information
Professors His father, Abu l-Qasim Khatunabadi
Permission for Hadith
Transmission From
Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Bahr al-'Ulum, Mirza Muhammad Mahdi Musavi Shahristani, ...
Works Lubs al-harir al-mahd li-l-nisa' halat al-salat wa al-ihram

Abu l-Qāsim Jaʿfar b. Ḥusayn al-Khwānsārī (Arabic: ابوالقاسم جعفر بن حسين الخوانساري) (b.1163/1749-50 - d.1240/1824-5) also known as Aqa Mīrzā and al-Mīr al-Ṣaghīr, the twelver jurist of 12th/16th - 13th/17th centuries. In addition to his studies under his father, he was one of the special students of Abu l-Qasim al-Khatunabadi. He received a permission for hadith transmission from al-Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi Bahr al-'Ulum.

The treatise Lubs al-Harir al-Mahd Li l-Nisa' Halat al-Salat wa al-'Ihram and glosses on several traditional and jurisprudential books has remained from him. Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Khwansari –author of Rawdat al-jannat- is one of his descendants.

Al-Khwansari was very cautious about religious matters. People attributed wonders to him. Finally he passed away in 1240/1824-5 in Khwansar and was buried there.

Birth and Father

He was born in 1163/1750 in Khwansar.[1] His father was al-Sayyid Husayn and his grandfather was Abu l-Qasim Ja'far b. Husayn al-Khwansari known as al-Mir al-Kabir who was a famous scholar.[2]

Education

At first, Abu l-Qasim studied under his father, then he went to Isfahan and studied high levels of jurisprudence and principles of jurisprudence under the city's scholars.

Teachers

In addition to studying under his father, he was one of the pupils of Abu l-Qasim al-Khatunabadi –known as Mudarris-. After finishing his studies, he returned to Khwansar.

Permission for Hadith Transmission

He received permission for hadith transmission from his father and also from these scholars:

Students

His son Sayyid Zayn al-Abidin Khawnsari studied under him and received permission for hadith transmission from him.[3]

Works

The treatise Lubs al-harir al-mahd li-l-nisa' halat al-salat wa al-ihram and glosses on several traditional and jurisprudential books has remained from him.[4]

Virtues

Al-Khwansari was very cautious in religious matters, thus he did not accept the position of being a judge and being imam of congregational prayer or issuing fatwa. He was very devout and people attributed acts of wonder to him.[5]

Also, his children and descendants were scholars and well-educated. He is the paternal grandfather of Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Khwansari –author of Rawdat al-jannat.

Demise

Al-Khwansari passed away in 1240/1824 in Khwansar and was buried in the cemetery which is located behind the old bazaar of Khwansar.[6]

Notes

  1. Khāwnsārī, Zindigānī-yi Haḍrat-i Ayatullāh Chāhārsūqī, vol. 2, p. 105; Mūsawī Khāwnsārī, Rawḍātī's introduction; Minhāj al-maʿārif or Farhang-i ʿaqāʿid-i Shīʿa, p. 205.
  2. Khāwnsārī, Khāndān.
  3. Khāwnsārī, Zindigānī-yi Haḍrat-i Ayatullāh Chāhārsūqī, vol. 2, p. 105-106; Mūsawī Khāwnsārī, Rawḍātī's introduction; Minhāj al-maʿārif or Farhang-i ʿaqāʿid-i Shīʿa, p. 207-208; Ḥabībābādī, Makārim al-āthār, vol. 4, p. 1104-1105.
  4. Khāwnsārī, Zindigānī-yi Haḍrat-i Ayatullāh Chāhārsūqī, vol. 2, p. 106; Mūsawī Khāwnsārī, Rawḍātī's introduction; Minhāj al-maʿārif or Farhang-i ʿaqāʿid-i Shīʿa, p. 207.
  5. Khāwnsārī, Zindigānī-yi Haḍrat-i Ayatullāh Chāhārsūqī, vol. 2, p. 105; Ḥabībābādī, Makārim al-āthār, vol. 4, p. 1104.
  6. Khāwnsārī, Zindigānī-yi Haḍrat-i Ayatullāh Chāhārsūqī, vol. 2, p. 106; Mūsawī Khāwnsārī, Rawḍātī's introduction; Minhāj al-maʿārif or Farhang-i ʿaqāʿid-i Shīʿa, p. 208.

References

  • Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Ṭabaqāt aʿlām al-Shīʿa. Al-Kirām al-Barara, part 1 and 2. Mashhad: 1404 AH.
  • Ḥabībābādī, Muḥammad ʿAlī. Makārim al-āthār. volume 4. Iṣfahān: 1352 Sh.
  • Khāwnsārī, Muḥammad ʿAlī Rawḍātī. Zindigānī-yi Haḍrat-i Ayatullāh Chāhārsūqī. Biography of more than 100 contemporary figures. Iṣfahān: 1352 Sh.
  • Mūsawī Khāwnsārī, Jaʿfar b. Ḥusayn. Minhāj al-maʿārif or Farhang-i ʿaqāʿid-i Shīʿa. Edited by Aḥmad Rawḍātī. Tehran: 1351 Sh.