Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Nama al-Hilli

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Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Nama al-Hilli
Personal Information
EpithetNajm al-Din
Religious AffiliationTwelver Shi'a
LineageIbn Namam Family
Well-Known RelativesMuhammad b. Ja'far b. Nama (father)
Place of BirthHillah
Deathc. 680/1281-2
Scholarly Information
ProfessorsHis father, al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli
StudentsAl-'Allama al-Hilli
Permission for Hadith
Transmission to
Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Muhtadi
WorksMuthir al-ahzan wa munir subul al-ashjan

Najm al-Dīn Jaʿfar b. Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar b. Hibat Allāh b. Namā al-Ḥillī (Arabic: نجم الدین جعفر بن محمد بن جعفر بن هبة الله بن نما الحلي) (d. c. 680/1281-2) was a Shi'a scholar of the 7th/13th century from the Ibn Nama Family and a teacher of al-'Allama al-Hilli. His most important work is Muthir al-ahzan wa munir subul al-ashjan, a well-known maqtal of the Event of Ashura.


Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Ja'far b. Muhammad (Hibat Allah) b. Nama, known as Najm al-Din, was a scholar and muhaddith of the 7th/13th century. He also composed poems. Some of his poems in the praise of the Prophet Muhammad (s) and Ahl al-Bayt (a) are cited in some sources, including his own work.[1]

His father Najib al-Din Muhammad b. Ja'far b. Hibat Allah (565/1169-70 -636/1239 or 645/1248) was a great Imami scholar of fiqh (jurisprudence) and a teacher of al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli. In texts of fiqh, when "Ibn Nama" is mentioned without any qualifications, it refers to his father, Muhammad b. Ja'far b. Nama, whose views are significant for scholars of fiqh.

His great-grandfather, Hibat Allah b. Nama, was also respected by people and counted as a great Shiite figure. His brother, Ahmad b. Muhammad, and his nephew, al-Hasan b. Ahmad, were also Shiite scholars. al-Hasan b. Ahmad is said to be a teacher of al-Shahid al-Awwal.[2]

He studied under his father, Muhammad b. Ja'far b. Nama and al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli, the author of Sharayi' al-Islam.


Al-'Allama al-Hilli and Najm al-Din's brother, Nizam al-Din Ahmad, were among his students and people who transmitted hadiths from him.[3] Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Muhtadi received a permission for the transmission of hadiths from him in 670/1271-2.[4]


  • Muthir al-ahzan

The most important work by Najm al-Din was Muthir al-ahzan wa munir subul al-ashjan (literally: stimulant of sadness and the light for the paths of crying) concerning the martyrdom of Imam al-Husayn (a) and his Companions of Imam al-Husayn (a). It was lithographically printed and published in Tehran in 1318/1900-1 together with the book, Qurrat al-'ayn fi akhdh thar al-Husayn (a). It was also published in Mumbai in 1326/1908-9 together with al-Sayyid b. Tawus's al-Luhuf and Abu Mikhnaf's Maqtal, in Najaf in 1369/1949-50 with a preface by 'Abd al-Mawla al-Turayhi, and recently in Qom (1406/1985-6) by Mu'assisa Imam Mahdi (a).

The work counts as an honored Shiite written heritage and is a well-known book concerning the history of the Event of Karbala and Ashura. The book has been praised and cited by al-'Allama al-Majlisi in his Bihar al-anwar and al-Shaykh Taqi al-Din Ibrahim al-Kaf'ami in his Misbah.

  • He also wrote an essay under Sharh al-thar fi ahwal al-Mukhtar (concerning the life of al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi). It was fully cited by al-'Allama al-Majlisi in vol. 45 of his Bihar al-anwar (pp. 346-387).
  • Al-Khwansari has attributed another book to him under Manhaj al-Shi'a fi fada'il wasi khatam al-shari'a.[5]

According to Ibn al-Fuwati, Ibn Nama wrote a piece (consisting of both prose and poems) to reproach his brother, 'Alam al-Din Isma'il, and sent a copy of it with his own handwriting to Ibn al-Fuwati.[6]

According to Afandi, Iltihab niran al-ahzan might be an alternative title for Muthir al-ahzan, but given al-Fayd al-Kashani's information about the book,[7] it should be a different work.


Najm al-Din Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Ja'far b. Hibat Allah b. Nama al-Hilli died in Hillah around 680/1281-2.


  1. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 157.
  2. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 21, p. 106.
  3. Khwansārī, Rawḍāt al-jannāt, vol. 2, p. 179.
  4. Āqā Buzurg Ṭihrānī, Ṭabaqāt aʿlām al-Shīʿa, p. 31.
  5. Khwansārī, Rawḍāt al-jannāt, vol. 2, p. 179.
  6. Ibn al-Fuwaṭī, Talkhīṣ Majmaʿ al-ādāb, vol. 4, p. 570.
  7. Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, ʿIlm al-yaqīn, vol. 2, p. 824.


  • Amīn, Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf, 1403 AH.
  • Āqā Buzurg Ṭihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Ṭabaqāt aʿlām al-Shīʿa. Edited by ʿAlī Naqī Munzawī. Beirut: [n.p], 1392 AH.
  • Fayḍ al-Kāshānī, Muḥsin al-. ʿIlm al-yaqīn. Edited by Muḥsin Bīdārfar. Qom: Bīdār, 1377 Sh.
  • Ibn al-Fuwaṭī, ʿAbd al-Razzāq b. Aḥmad. Talkhīṣ Majmaʿ al-ādāb. Edited by Aḥmad Ḥusaynī. Qom: [n.p], 1401 AH.
  • Khwansārī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Rawḍāt al-jannāt. Qom: Ismāʿīlīyān, 1390 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1403 AH.