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Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar

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Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar
Personal Information
Full Name Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Farrukh al-Saffar al-Qummi
Residence Qom
Death 290/903
Scholarly Information
Professors Ibrahim b. Hashim al-Qummi, Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi, Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Ash'ari, Ahmad b. Hasan b. Ali b. Faddal,
Students Ahmad b. Dawud al-Qummi, Muhammad b. Ja'far al-Mu'addab, Muhammad b. Hasan b. Walid, Muhammad b. Yahya al-'Attar
Works Basa'ir al-darajat

Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan b. Farrūkh al-Ṣaffār al-Qummī (Arabic: ابو جَعفَر محمد بن حَسَن بن فَرّوخ صَفّار قُمی ), an Imami hadith scholar and jurist, and a contemporary and companion of Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a).

Al-Saffar is reported to have compiled several hadith works. The famous book Basa'ir al-darajat, a hadith collection on the theme of Imamology, is attributed to him.


Al-Saffar, also known as al-A'raj (the Lame), was one of the Iranian mawlas (servent) of 'Isa b. Musa b. Talha al-Ash'ari—hence, his epithet al-Ash'ari.

The date of his birth is not known, but he passed away in 290/903 during the Minor Occultation.

According to al-Shaykh al-Tusi, he was a companion of Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a). The main evidence for this claim is the correspondences between him and the Imam (a), which can further indicate that, in addition to being a companion, he was a representative of the Imam (a).

Scholarly Status

Al-Saffar was one of the most prominent hadith scholars of Qom. The scholars of rijal have mentioned him as a reliable and great scholar.

He was also a prominent jurist of his time. One of his jurisprudential opinions which is reported in the sources is the permissibility of saying Farsi prayers in qunut.


Basa'ir al-darajat
Main article: Basa'ir al-darajat

Al-Saffar's most well-known work is Basa'ir al-darajat al-kubra fi fada'il Al Muhammad, known as Basa'ir al-darajat, which is a hadith collection on the theme of imamate.

His other works, as recorded by al-Najashi, are the following:

  • Kitab al-Salat
  • Kitab al-Wudu'

As the titles of his works indicate, he was more concerned with jurisprudence, though some of his works had theological themes.

Moreover, he had a collection of questions from Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a) and the Imam's (a) answers, which was extant at least until the time of al-Shaykh al-Saduq.

Teachers and Students

Apart from Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a), al-Saffar quoted hadiths from prominent hadith transmitters, such as

And the following hadith transmitters quoted hadiths from him: