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Ibn Abi l-Khattab

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Companion of Imam (a)
Ibn Abi l-Khattab
Full Name Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Abi l-Khattab Zayd al-Zayyat al-Hamdani al-Kufi
Companion of Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Hadi (a), and Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a)
Teknonym Abu Ja'far
Well Known As Ibn Abi l-Khattab
Lineage Ash'ariyyun
Wellknown Relatives 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Ash'ari al-Qummi
Death/Martyrdom 262/876
Works Kitab al-tawhid,Kitab al-ma'rifa wa al-bada',Kitab al-radd 'ala ahl al-qadar

Abū Jaʿfar, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥusayn b. Abī l-Khaṭṭāb Zayd Zayyāt al-Ḥamdanī al-Kūfī(Arabic: ابوجعفر، محمد بن الحسین بن ابي الخطاب زید الزیّات الهمداني الکوفي) (d. 262/876), known as Ibn Abī l-Khaṭṭāb (إِبْن أَبي الخَطّاب), was an Iranian Shi'a muhddith.

Name and Family

He was a descendant of 'Abd al-'Aziz b. al-Muhtadi b. Muhammad b. 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Ash'ari al-Qummi.

Al-Kulayni mentioned his name in various points of al-Kafi as Muhammd b. al-Husayn. Also, Ibn Qulawayh mentioned his name as Muhammd b. al-Husayn b. Abi l-Khattab.[1]

Al-Najashi mentioned his name, title, nickname, his father's name and his lineage as follows: "Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Abi l-Khattab Abu Ja'far al-Zayyat al-Hamdani".[2]

Also, al-Hilli mentioned his name like al-Najashi did, except that he –apparently by mistake- mentioned "Abi l-Husayn" instead of "al-Husayn";[3] but what the majority of early and later authors has emphasized is al-Njashi's statement.

Reliability

Al-Najashi believes that his narrations are authentic and says: "he was a reliable, prominent and elite Shi'a narrator. He narrated many hadiths and wrote nice books."[4]

Companionship of Three Imams (a)

According to Mamaqani, he was a companion of three Imams i.e. Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Hadi (a), and Imam al-'Askari (a). His chain of narrators reaches previous Imams to Imam 'Ali (a) by three to six persons.[5]

Lifespan

Considering his numerous narrations and experiencing three Imams (a), some sources counted him as an aged narrator of his time.[6] Aqa Buzurg Tihrani believed that he lived about 100 years.[7]

Works

  1. Kitab al-tawhid
  2. Kitab al-ma'rifa wa l-bada'
  3. Kitab al-radd 'ala ahl al-qadar
  4. Kitab al-imama
  5. Kitab al-lu'lu'a
  6. Kitab wasaya l-A'imma (a)
  7. Kitab al-Nawadir[8]

It has been reported from Ibn Abi l-Khattab, himself, that he also had other works.[9]

Notes

  1. Ibn Qūlawayh, Kāmil al-zīyārāt, p. 37.
  2. Najāshī, al-Rijāl, p. 236.
  3. Ḥillī, Kitāb al-Rijāl, p. 285.
  4. Najāshī, al-Rijāl, p. 236
  5. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl, p. 106.
  6. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl, p. 106.
  7. Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa, vol. 2, p. 334.
  8. Najāshī, al-Rijāl, p. 236.
  9. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 15, p. 291.

References

  • Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa. Edited by ʿAlī Naqī Munzawī and Aḥmad Munzawī. Beirut: 1403 AH.
  • Ḥillī, al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. Rijāl. Edited by Jalāl al-Dīn Ḥusayn Armawī. Tehran: 1342 Sh.
  • Ibn Qūlawayh, Jaʿfar b. Muḥammad. Kāmil al-zīyārāt. Edited by ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn Amīnī. Najaf: Dār al-Murtaḍawīyya, 1356 AH.
  • Khoeī, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Beirut: 1403 AH.
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Uṣūl al-Kāfī. Edited by ʿAlī Akbar Ghaffārī. Beirut: 1401 AH.
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Najaf: 1350 AH.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Al-Rijāl. Mumbai: 1317 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Fihrist. Edited by Maḥmūd Rāmyār. Mashhad: 1351 Sh.