Priority: c, Quality: b

Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr al-Bazanti

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Companion of Imam (a)
Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr al-Bazanti
Full Name Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr al-Bazanti
Companion of Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a), and Imam al-Jawad (a)
Teknonym Abu Ja'far
Well Known As Al-Bazanti, Ibn Abi Nasr
Wellknown Relatives Isma'il b. Mihran, al-Bazanti
Birth 152/769
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Death/Martyrdom 221/836
Works Al-Jami' , Al-Masa'il, Al-Nawadir

ʾAbū Jaʿfar ʾAḥmad b. Muḥammad b. ʾAbī Naṣr al-Bazanțī (Arbic: ابوجعفر احمد بن ابي نصر البزنطي) (b.152/769 - d.221/836), one of the early Imami scholars in Kufa, and a companion of Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a), and Imam al-Jawad (a), and one of the people of consensus.


Biography

His teknonym is Abu Ja'far, though he is well-known as "al-Bazanti". His grandfather was Abu Nasr Zayd b. 'Amr, and because of him, al-Bazanti is sometimes called Ibn Abi Nasr.[1]

It is mentioned that al-Bazanti was in Qadisiyya around the year 200/815-6.

He was a mawla of the clan of Sakun, a branch of the tribe of Kinda. His family was a well-known Imami family in Kufa. Isma'il b. Mihran, al-Bazanti's cousin, was another famous member of his family.

His demise was in 221/836.[2]

Relation with the Imams (a)

Al-Bazanti was mainly a companion of Imam al-Rida (a).[3] In rijal sources, a conversation between him and Imam al-Jawad (a) is mentioned, and there is disagreement as to whether he quoted hadith from Imam al-Kazim (a).

Teachers and Students

Apart from the Imams (a), al-Bazanti learned hadith from great Imami figures such as:[4]

Al-Bazanti was among the People of Consensus and following people have narrated hadith from him:[5]

Religious Affiliation

After the martyrdom of Imam al-Kazim (a), al-Bazanti became a Waqifi, but as a result of a correspondence that he had with Imam al-Rida (a), he believed in the latter's Imamate[6] and became one of the early supporters of Qat'iyya in Kufa, together with Hisham b. Salim and Safwan b. Yahya. According to some reports, he was the most influential supporter and promoter of the Imamate of Imam al-Rida (a).

A Representative of the School of Hisham b. Salim

Among the scholarly inclinations within the Imamiyya, al-Bazanti belonged to the school of Hisham b. Salim; he became the representative of that school after Hisham's demise, criticizing the viewpoints of the rival school of Hisham b. al-Hakam on the knowledge of the Imams.

Hadiths on the Imams' Knowledge

On the knowledge of the Imams (a), several hadiths quoted by al-Bazanti are found in hadith sources such as al-Kafi, Qurb al-isnad, Basa'ir al-darajat, and al-Ikhtisas.

A brief hadith that reflects the viewpoint of al-Bazanti and the school of Hisham b. Salim on this issue is the following: "The faith of a servant will not be perfect, unless he equally recognizes for the last Imam what he recognizes for the first Imam in proof, obedience, halal, and haram."[7]

Status in Rijal

Main article: People of Consensus

In the discipline of Rijal, al-Bazanti is not only regarded as trustworthy but also as one of the people of consensus. It is noteworthy that because al-Bazanti's name is recorded in the chains of transmission of hadiths about the Prophet's (s) Sira (conduct), he is mentioned in Sunni rijal sources as well. However, he is not considered reliable by Sunni scholars.

Works

In addition to the hadiths quoted by him and preserved in the Four Books, the following are some of al-Bazanti's most important works:

It is noteworthy that al-Shaykh al-Saduq had copies of al-Bazantis works, and he frequently quotes from them in his Kitab man la yahduruh al-faqih, but unfortunately he does not mention the title of the works he has used.

Notes

  1. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 1, p. 77.
  2. Ḥillī, Khulāṣat al-aqwāl, p. 13.
  3. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 3, p. 18.
  4. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 3, p. 21.
  5. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 90; Ardabīlī, Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt wa izāḥat al-ishtibāhāt, p. 1-9; Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, p. 36-38.
  6. Ḥimyarī, Qurb al-isnād, p. 52; Ṣadūq, ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā, p. 13; Ṭūsī, al-Ghayba, p. 1-2.
  7. Ḥimyarī, Qurb al-isnād, p. 53; Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, p. 75.

References

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