Priority: c, Quality: b

Tha'laba b. Maymun

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Companion of Imam (a)
Tha'laba b. Maymun
Companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim
Teknonym Abu Ishaq
Well Known As Abu Ishaq al-Faqih, Ishaq al-Nahwi
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Works A book on hadith

Thaʿlaba b. Maymūn (Arabic:ثَعلَبَة بن مَیمون) was a Shi'a scholar in fiqh and hadith and among the companions of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (a) and Imam Musa al-Kazim (a).

The teknonym of Tha'laba b. Maymun was "Abu Ishaq" and he was called Abu Ishaq al-Faqih, Abu Ishaq al-Nahwi and al-Asadi al-Kufi.[1] There is no accurate information about dates of his birth and death. He was a servant of Banu Asad and Banu Salama and was famous for his piety, worshiping, good deeds, and eloquence. There is a report about his worshiping in the Mosque of Kufa and Harun al-Rashid's (r. 149/766 – 193/808) attention to him.[2] He is also considered a reciter, grammarian and lexicographer.[3]

He narrated from Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (a), Imam Musa al-Kazim (a) and people such as Zurara b. A'yan, Harith b. Mughiyra, Hammad b. 'Uthman and Muhammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafi. People such as Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr al-Bazanti, 'Abd Allah b. Muhammad al-Hajjal, 'Abd Allah b. Bukayr, Abu Sa'id al-Mukari and many others narrated from him.[4] It is said that Tha'laba wrote a book on hadith, many transmitters of hadiths have narrated from him.[5]

Not mentioning "Thiqa" [reliable] for him in al-Najashi's book on rijal, Fihrist asma' musannifi l-Shi'a, have made some people doubt his reliability, but this doubt is totally rootless[6] and others have considered him reliable.[7]

Notes

  1. Kashshī, Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, p. 375; Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 117; Ṭūsī, Al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 174.
  2. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 118; Qummī, Tuḥfat al-aḥbāb fi nawādir āthār al-aṣḥāb, p. 64; Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 3, p. 409.
  3. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 118; Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Kitāb al-rijāl, p. 60; Ḥillī, Rijāl al-ʿallāma al-Ḥillī, p. 30.
  4. Ṭūsī, Al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 333; Ḥillī, Rijāl al-ʿallāma al-Ḥillī, p. 30; Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 3, p. 410-411.
  5. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 118; Ṭūsī, Al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 333; Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 3, p. 409.
  6. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 1, part 2, p. 196; Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 25.
  7. Kashshī, Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, p. 412.

References

  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Edited by Ḥasan Amīn. Beirut: 1403 AH.
  • Ḥillī, al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. Rijāl al-ʿallāma al-Ḥillī. Edited by Sayyid Muḥammad Ṣādiq Baḥr al-ʿUlūm. Najaf: 1381 AH.
  • Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Ḥasan b. 'Alī. Kitāb al-rijāl. Edited by Sayyid Muḥammad Ṣādiq Baḥr al-ʿUlūm. Najaf: 1392 AH.
  • Khoeī, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Beirut: 1403 AH-1983.
  • Kashshī, Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-. Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl known as Rijāl al-Kashshī. Summarized by Muḥammad Ḥasan al-Ṭūsī. Edited by Ḥasan Muṣṭafawī. Mashhad: 1348 Sh.
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Najaf: 1349 AH.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Fihrist asmāʾ muṣannifī al-Shīʿa al-mushtahir bi rijāl al-Najāshī. Edited by Mūsā Shubayrī Zanjānī. Qom: 1407-1416 AH.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Tuḥfat al-aḥbāb fi nawādir āthār al-aṣḥāb. Edited by Jaʿfar Ḥusaynī. Tehran: 1370 Sh.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī Iṣfahānī. Qom: 1415 AH.