Priority: c, Quality: c

Khalid b. Madd al-Qalanisi

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Companion of Imam (a)
Khalid b. Madd al-Qalanisi
Companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim (a)
Epithet al-Qalanisi, Bayya' al-Qalanis
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Professors Abu Hamza al-Thumali, Jabir b. Yazid al-Ju'fi
Students Nadr b. Shu'ayb, 'Ali b. Hakam, Muhammad b. Sanan

Khālid b. Mādd al-Qalānisī (Arabic: خالِد بن مادّ القَلانِسی) was an Imami transmitter of hadiths and a companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a). Khalid transmitted hadiths from Imam al-Sadiq (a) as well as other transmitters of hadiths, such as Abu Hamza al-Thumali, Jabir al-Ju'fi, Muhammad b. Fadl, and Muhammad b. Khalid al-Tayalisi. Al-Najashi considered him as a reliable transmitter of hadiths. Hadiths transmitted by him are concerned with issues of fiqh, such as hajj, wasiyya (the will), inheritance , rulings of the corpses, and also with the virtues of Ahl al-Bayt (a).

Lineage and Title

His father's name is mentioned in the chains of transmissions of many hadiths as "Madd".[1] However, some sources of 'ilm al-rijal have mentioned his father as "Ziyad",[2] "Himad",[3] "Bad"[4] and "Mazin".[5] Because of such variations about his father's name,[6] some sources have taken each to be a distinct person.[7]

In addition to "al-Qalanisi", Khalid was known as "Bayya' al-Qalanis"[8] as well which indicates his occupation as a hat-seller or hat-maker.

Reliability

Khalid was from Kufa.[9] In sources of 'ilm al-rijal, he is mentioned as a companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a).[10] Al-Najashi[11] confirmed his reliability.[12]

Hadiths and Masters

Khalid transmitted hadiths from Imam al-Sadiq (a)[13] as well as from other transmitters of hadiths such as Abu Hamza al-Thumali,[14] Jabir al-Ju'fi,[15] Muhammad b. Fadl,[16] and Muhammad b. Khalid al-Tayalisi.[17] Hadiths transmitted by him are concerned with issues of fiqh such as hajj,[18] wasiyya (the will), inheritance,[19] corpses,[20] as well as the virtues of Ahl al-Bayt (a).[21]

Transmitters from Khalid

'Ali b. Hakam, 'Ali b. 'Abd Allah al-Bajali, 'Ali b. Mu'ammar, Zarif b. Nasih, and Muhammad b. Sanan[22] transmitted hadiths from Khalid, but Nadr b. Shu'ayb has transmitted most of Khalid's hadiths.[23]

Ibn Babawayh pointed out in his Man la yahduruh al-faqih that every hadith transmitted by Khalid is transmitted to us through Nadr b. Shu'ayb.

Work

Khalid wrote a book which was transmitted by Nadr b. Shu'ayb and Abu Hurayra 'Abd Allah b. Salam.[24] In his assessment of the work, al-Najashi implied doubts about some of its contents.[25]

Since Nadr b. Shu'ayb was a transmitter of this work, its contents can be accessed and assessed through hadiths transmitted by Nadr b. Shu'ayb.[26]

Notes

  1. Ṣaffār, Baṣā'ir al-darajāt, p. 104, 160, 195, 309, 414, 436; Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 1, p. 416; vol. 2, p. 612.
  2. Barqī, al-Rijāl, p. 31; Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 201.
  3. Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Kitāb al-rijāl, p. 87.
  4. Ḥillī, Khulāṣat al-aqwāl, p. 137-138.
  5. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 197.
  6. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 197; Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Kitāb al-rijāl, p. 87; Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 25, p. 105, 177-178.
  7. Ṣadr, Buḥūth fī sharh-i ʿurwat al-wuthqā, vol. 3, p. 308.
  8. Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 2, p. 363; Ardabīlī, Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt, vol. 1, p. 289.
  9. Barqī, al-Rijāl, p. 87; Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 149; Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 197.
  10. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 201; Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 149; Ṭūsī, Tahdhīb al-aḥkām, vol. 3, p. 329.
  11. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 149.
  12. Ḥillī, Khulāṣat al-aqwāl, p. 137-138; Majlisī, al-Wajīza fī ʿilm al-rijāl, p. 73.
  13. Barqī, al-Maḥāsin, vol. 1, p. 68, 70-71; Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 2, p. 650; vol. 4, p. 252; Ibn Qūlawayh, Kāmil al-zīyārāt, p. 73, 78; Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, vol. 90, p. 370; Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 1, p. 228; Ṭūsī, Tahdhīb al-aḥkām, vol. 5, p. 468; vol. 6, p. 31-33; vol. 7, p. 58.
  14. Ṣaffār, Baṣā'ir al-darajāt, p. 104, 160; Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 2, p. 612.
  15. Ṣaffār, Baṣā'ir al-darajāt, p. 309; Ṣadūq, al-Khiṣāl, vol. 2, p. 650.
  16. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 1, p. 416-417.
  17. Mufīd, al-Ikhtiṣāṣ, p. 274.
  18. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 2, p. 612; Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 1, p. 228; vol. 2, p. 363; Ṭūsī, Tahdhīb al-aḥkām, vol. 5, p. 468.
  19. Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 4, p. 213.
  20. Ṭūsī, Tahdhīb al-aḥkām, vol. 3, p. 200, 329.
  21. Ṣaffār, Baṣā'ir al-darajāt, p. 104, 160, 195, 309, Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 1, p. 416-417; Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, 370.
  22. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 1, p. 416-417; vol. 2, p. 650; vol. 4, p. 252; Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 91, 370; Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 1, p. 228; Ṭūsī, Tahdhīb al-aḥkām, vol. 5, p. 468, vol. 6, p. 31-33; vol. 7, p. 58; Mufīd, al-Ikhtiṣāṣ, p. 274.
  23. Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 4, p. 444.
  24. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 149; Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, p. 122.
  25. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 149.
  26. Ṣaffār, Baṣā'ir al-darajāt, p. 104, 436.

References

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