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Khalid b. Abi Karima

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Khālid b. Abī Karīma (Arabic:خالِد بن اَبي کَريمَة) was a transmitter of Imam al-Baqir's (a). In Sunni hadith collections, there are hadiths narrated by him from the Holy Prophet (s). Some Shi'a rijal scholars have considered him among non-Shi'a companions of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a).

His Teknonym, Name and Title

His teknonym was Abu 'Abd al-Rahman[1] and the name of his father was Maysara.[2] His title was al-Mada'ini[3] and al-Iskafi[4] while Sunni scholars of rijal have considered him from Sunbulan neighborhood in Isfahan living in Kufa.[5]

His Authenticity in Transmitting Hadith

He has been mentioned among the companions of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a).[6] In early Shia books of rijal, there are no expression suggesting his authenticity, praise or criticism, but in Sunni books of rijal, there are different and sometimes contradictory attributes mentioned for him; some have mentioned him as authentic[7] and some others as unreliable.[8]

Some scholars have expressed doubt him being a Twelver Shia[9] and because Sunni rijal scholars have been silent about his religion and mostly have considered him authentic, Shoushtari has considered him among the Sunni companions of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a).[10] The evidence for this claim is a narration transmitted by him about Sa'y between Safa and Marwa which is compatible with Sunni narrations in this regard.[11]

His Hadiths

Khalid b. Abi Karima had a collection of Imam al-Baqir's (a) hadiths and al-Najashi was aware about it through Ibn Nuh.[12] In Shia books of hadiths, no hadiths have been quoted from it. In Sunni hadiths collections, there are hadiths narrated by him from the Holy Prophet (s) and others.[13]

Khalid has transmitted hadiths from Imam al-Baqir (a), Mu'awiya b. Qarah al-Muzani, 'Akrama Mawla b. 'Abbas and Abu Ja'far 'Abd Allah b. Miswar al-Mada'ini.

People including Sufyan b. 'Uyayna, Sharik b. 'Abd Allah, Waki' b. Jarrah, Shu'aba b. Hajjaj and Marwan b. Mu'awiya al-Fizari have transmitted hadiths from him.[14]

Notes

  1. Bukhārī, Tārīkh al-kabīr, vol. 2, part 1, p. 168; Ibn Abī l-Ḥātam, al-Jarḥ wa l-taʿdīl, vol. 3, p. 349; Ibn Ḥibbān, Kitab al-thiqāt, vol. 6, p. 262.
  2. Khaṭīb Baghdādī, Tārīkh-i Baghdād, vol. 9, p. 226.
  3. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 198; Khaṭīb Baghdādī, Tārīkh-i Baghdād, vol. 9, p. 225.
  4. Mizzī, Tahdhīb al-kamāl, vol. 8, p. 156.
  5. Abū Nuʿaym al-Iṣfahānī, Dhikr akhbār Iṣbahān, vol. 1, p. 305; Mizzī, Tahdhīb al-kamāl, vol. 8, p. 156-157.
  6. Barqī, Kitāb al-Rijāl, p. 15; Najāshī, Fihrist asmāʾ muṣannifī al-Shīʿa al-mushtahir bi rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 151; Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 134, 198.
  7. Yaḥyā b. Muʿīn, Tārīkh Yaḥyā b. Muʿīn, vol. 1, p. 226; Ibn Ḥanbal, Kitāb al-ʿIlal wa maʿrifat al-rijāl, vol. 1, p. 401; Abū Dawūd, Suʾālāt Abī ʿUbayd al-Ājurī Abū Dawūd Sulaymān b. Ashʿath al-Sijistānī, vol. 2, p. 291.
  8. Bukhārī, Tārīkh al-kabīr, vol. 2, part 1, p. 168; Ibn Abī l-Ḥātam, al-Jarḥ wa l-taʿdīl, vol. 3, p. 349.
  9. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 25, p. 45.
  10. Shūshtarī, Majālis al-muʾminīn, vol. 4, p. 99.
  11. Khaṭīb Baghdādī, Tārīkh-i Baghdād, vol. 9, p. 226.
  12. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 151.
  13. Ṣanʿānī, al-Muṣannaf, vol. 3, p. 12; Ibn Abī Shayba, al-Muṣannaf fī al-aḥādīth wa al-āthār, vol. 2, p. 191; vol. 4, p. 535; vol. 5, p. 360; vol. 7, p. 533; vol. 8, p. 709; Abū Nuʿaym al-Iṣfahānī, Dhikr akhbār Iṣbahān, vol. 1, p. 305-306; Khaṭīb Baghdādī, Tārīkh-i Baghdād, vol. 9, p. 225-226.
  14. Khaṭīb Baghdādī, Tārīkh-i Baghdād, vol. 9, p. 225; Mizzī, Tahdhīb al-kamāl fī ʾasmāʾ al-rijāl, vol. 8, p. 156.

References

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  • Abū Nuʿaym al-Iṣfahānī, Aḥmad. Dhikr akhbār Iṣbahān . Leiden: 1931, 1934.
  • Bukhārī, Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl al-. Tārīkh al-kabīr. Dīyārbakr: Maktabat al-Islāmiya, [n.d].
  • Barqī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Kitāb al-Rijāl. Tehran: Kitāb al-Rijāl, 1383 Sh.
  • Ibn Abī l-Ḥātam, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad. Al-Jarḥ wa l-taʿdīl. Hyderabad Deccan: 1371-1373 AH.
  • Ibn Ḥibbān, Muḥammad. Kitab al-thiqāt. Hyderabad: 1403 AH.
  • Ibn Ḥanbal, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Kitāb al-ʿIlal wa maʿrifat al-rijāl. Edited by Waṣī Allāh ʿAbbās. Beirut: 14108 AH.
  • Ibn Māja, Muḥammad ibn Yazīd . Sunan Ibn Māja. Edited by Muḥammad fuʾād ʿAbd al-Bāqī . Cairo: 1373 AH-1954.
  • Kūfī, Ibn Abī Shayba al-. Al-Muṣannaf fī al-aḥādīth wa al-āthār. Edited by Saʿīd Muḥammad al-Laḥḥām. Beirut: 1409 AH.
  • Khaṭīb Baghdādī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Tārīkh-i Baghdād. 1st edition. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmīyya, 1412 AH.
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Edited by Muḥyi al-Dīn al-Mamaqānī. Qom: 1423 AH.
  • Mizzī, Yūsuf b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-. Tahdhīb al-kamāl fī ʾasmāʾ al-rijāl. Edited by Bashār ʿAwād Maʿrūf. Beirut: 1422 AH.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Fihrist asmāʾ muṣannifī al-Shīʿa al-mushtahir bi rijāl al-Najāshī. Edited by Mūsā Shubayrī Zanjānī. Qom: 1407 AH.
  • Nasā'ī, Aḥmad b. Shuʿayb. Sunan al-kubrā. Edited by ʿAbd al-Ghaffār Sulaymān al-Bandārī and Sayyid Ḥasan Kasrawī. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmīyya, 1411 AH.
  • Shūshtarī, Nūr Allāh al-Ḥusaynī al-. Majālis al-muʾminīn. Tehran: Islāmiyya, 1377 Sh.
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