Priority: c, Quality: b

Jamil b. Darraj

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Companion of Imam (a)
Jamil b. Darraj
Companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a)
Teknonym Abu 'Ali, Abu Muhammad
Epithet al-Nakha'i
Wellknown Relatives Nuh b. Darraj, his brother
Birth Before 128/746
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Activities Joining Waqifiyya for a while, Jurist, one of People of Consensus

Jamīl b. Darrāj (Arabic:جمیل بن درّاج) (b. before 128/746, d. ?), an outstanding Shi'a hadith transmitter, hadith scholar, and jurist of the 2/8century. After the demise of Imam al-Kazim (a), He became a Waqifi for a short time but soon he changed his mind and became one of the companions of Imam al-Rida (a).

Birth and Lineage

Exact date of his birth is not known. Since he is recorded among the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim (a), and Imam al-Rida (a), date of his birth has probably been at least 20 years before the martyrdom of Imam al-Sadiq (a) (approximately before 128/746).

His teknonym was Abu 'Ali or Abu Muhammad.[1] His tribe resided in Kufa and had wila' compact of mutual support with Nakha' tribe; therefore, he was called al-Nakha'i[2] or Mawla al-Nakha.[3]

His father, Abu al-Sabih al-Darraj[4] was a shopkeeper,[5] and his younger brother, Nuh b. Darraj was a trustworthy transmitter of hadiths and an outstanding figure among Shi'a of Kufa. He became the top judge of Kufa and for some years, he was the judge of eastern Baghdad.[6]

Companion of Imam Rida (a)

Jamil is one of the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a).[7] He lived shortly after the demise of Imam al-Kazim (a) and was doubtful about the Imamate of Imam al-Rida (a) and became a Waqifi for a short period;[8] but after realizing the evidences proving the Imamate of the Imam,[9] he (along with some of the outstanding companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) such as, Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Bazanti and Yunus b. Ya'qub) changed his mind and became one of the loyal companions of Imam al-Rida (a).[10]

Narrations

Jamil b. Darraj was one of the most famous and trustworthy narrators of hadith and all scholars of 'ilm al-rijal recognized his trustworthiness[11] and praised him by honorific titles such as: thiqah (trustworthy), shaykh or Wajh al-Ta'ifa (Honor of the Tribe).[12] Each of these titles alone is a sign of his trustworthiness.

Imams (a) honored him and informed him of special narrations (probably including esoteric narrations about the high positions of Imams (a) and about other complicated issues difficult to understand for common people). Imam al-Sadiq (a) forbade him to publicize those narrations for the fear of being rejected by ordinary people.[13]

Characteristics of Jamil's Narrations

His narrations in the collections of hadith includes a wide range of topics including beliefs, morality, and ethics. He narrated 300 hadith directly from Imam al-Baqir (a), Imam al-Sadiq (a), and Imam al-Kazim (a).[14]

He also narrated hadith from 50 narrators who were mainly the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a).[15] He narrated 92 hadiths from Zurarah b. A'yan,[16] 55 hadith from Muhammad b. Muslim[17] that both were among greatest shi'a hadith transmitters and jurists.

People of Consensus

Al-Kashshi mentioned his name among eighteen Shi'a jurists whose authority, trustworthiness, and knowledge is unanimously acknowledged by other Shi'a scholars.[18] These 18 jurists are known as Ashab al-Ijma' (people of consensus) and have the highest level of validity in Shi'a hadith and jurisprudence.[19]

His name is recorded in 570 narration chains of the Four Books as Jamil b. Darraj[20] and several times as Jamil.[21] Due to the fact that he shares the same name as Jamil b. Salih (one of the trustworthiness companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a)), hadith scholars differentiate between these two persons by the time and the names before and after him in the chain of narrators.[22]

Students

More than forty narrators transmitted hadith from Jamil,[23] such as:

Works

Three works are attributed to him. His independently written work is known as Asl and sometimes recorded as Kitab.[25] His second work is written jointly with Murazim b. Hakim al-Azdi al-Mada'ini. His third work is written jointly with Muhammad b. Humran.[26]

Demise

He went blind at the end of his life and passed away at the time of Imam al-Rida (a).[27]

Notes

  1. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, vol. 1, p. 126.
  2. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, vol. 1, p. 126.
  3. Ṭūsī, Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 177.
  4. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 122.
  5. Kashshī, Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, p. 252.
  6. Khaṭib al-Baghdādī, Tārīkh Baghdād, vol. 13, p. 316.
  7. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 123.
  8. Nūrī, Khātima Mustadrak al-wasāʾil, vol. 6, p. 96.
  9. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 124.
  10. Ṭūsī, al-Ghayba, p. 71.
  11. Kashshī, Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, p. 251.
  12. Ṭūsī, Fihrist kutub al-Shīʿa, p. 94.
  13. Kashshī, Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, p. 251.
  14. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 4, p. 153-154.
  15. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 4, p. 152-153.
  16. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 125.
  17. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 125.
  18. Kashshī, Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, p. 375.
  19. Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Kitāb al-rijāl, p. 66.
  20. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 124.
  21. hoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 117.
  22. Kāzimī, Hidāyat al-muḥadithīn, p. 31-33; Ardibīlī, Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt, vol. 1, p. 166-167.
  23. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 4, p. 153.
  24. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 4, p. 449.
  25. Ṭūsī, Fihrist kutub al-Shīʿa, p. 114.
  26. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, vol. 1, p. 127.
  27. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 5, p. 122.

References

  • Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī. Kitāb al-rijāl. Edited by Jalāl al-Dīn Armawī. Qom: 1366 Sh.
  • Ardibīlī, Muḥammad. Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt wa izāḥat al-ishtibāhāt ʿan al-ṭuruq wa al-asnād, Beirut, 1403 Ah.
  • Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa. Qom: Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt, 1414 AH.
  • Khaṭib al-Baghdādī. Tārīkh Baghdād. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, [n.d].
  • Khoei, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Beirut: 1403 AH.
  • Ṣadr, Ḥasan. Nihāyat al-dirāya fī sharḥ al-risāla al-musūmat bi-l wajīza l-l bahāyi. Edited by Mājid Gharbāwī. Qom: 1413 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Rijāl al-Ṭūsī. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī Iṣfahānī. Qom : 1415 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Fihrist kutub al-Shīʿa wa uṣūlihim wa asmāʾ al-muṣannifīn wa aṣḥāb al-uṣūl. ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Ṭabaṭabaʾī, Qom: 1420 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Ghayba. Edited by ʿIbād Allāh Tihrānī & ʿAlī Aḥmad Nāṣiḥ. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Maʿārif al-Islāmīyya, 1425 AH.
  • Kāzimī, Muḥammad Amīn al-. Hidāyat al-muḥadithīn ilā tarīqat al-muḥammadīn. Qom, Mahdī Rajāʾyī, 1405 AH.
  • Kashshī, Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-. Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl. Edied by Muḥammad Ḥasan Muṣṭafawī, Mashhad: 1348 Sh.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Fihrist asmāʾ muṣannifi l-Shiʿa. Edited by Sayyid Mūsā Shubayrī Zanjānī 1416 AH.
  • Nūrī, Mīrzā Ḥusayn al-. Khātima Mustadrak al-wasāʾil. Qom: 1415 AH.