Faddala b. Ayyub
|Faddala b. Ayyub|
|Full Name||Faddala b. Ayyub al-Azdi al-Ahwazi|
|Companion of||Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a)|
|Place of Birth||Kufa|
|Place(s) of Residence||Kufa, Ahwaz|
|Works||Kitab al-salat and Kitab al-nawadir|
Faḍḍāla b. Ayyūb al-ʾAzdī al-Ahwāzī (Arabic: فَضّالَة بن أیوب الأزدی الأهوازی) was a companion of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a) and a reliable Shiite narrator of hadiths. Some scholars of 'ilm al-rijal considered him as one of the People of Consensus and a prominent scholar of fiqh. He wrote works such as Kitab al-salat and Kitab al-nawadir.
Birth and Lineage
Faddala b. Ayyub al-Azdi al-Ahwazi was from the Azd tribe—a tribe that had its origins in Yemen. There is no information about when he was born exactly, but given some evidence, it has been speculated that he was born in the middle of the 2nd/8th century.
Since he was from the Azd tribe, he was called "al-Azdi", and since he was born in Kufa, he was known as "al-Kufi", and since he lived the last years of his life in Ahwaz, he was known as "al-Ahwazi".
Views of the Scholars of 'Ilm al-Rijal
Some scholars of 'ilm al-rijal take him to be one of the People of Consensus (Ashab al-Ijma'). Having mentioned the unanimity of scholars over the reliability of hadiths narrated by the People of Consensus, al-Kashshi points out that some rijal scholars have enumerated Hasan b. 'Ali b. Faddal and Faddala b. Ayyub as members of this group instead of Hasan b. Mahbub.
In his al-Rijal, al-Shaykh al-Tusi mentioned Faddala as a companion of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a) and emphasized on his reliability. Other scholars, such as al-Najashi and al-'Allama al-Hilli, referred to his reliability, knowledge, and religiosity as well.
Tendency in the Narration of Hadiths
Faddala's tendency in the narration of hadiths has three features:
- Most of the hadiths narrated by him are concerned with the rulings of fiqh.
- Some of his hadiths are concerned with proofs for the Wilaya and imamate of Shiite Imams (a) and the virtues of Ahl al-Bayt (a).
- And some of his hadiths are concerned with moral virtues and vices.
In the View of Scholars
Al-Najashi said about Faddala b. Ayyub al-Azdi that he “was from an authentic Arabian race in Kufa who lived in Ahwaz for a while. He was a well-reputed Shiite narrator of hadiths and was straightforward in his religiosity”.
Masters and Narrators
In addition to direct narrations of hadiths from Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a), Faddala narrated hadiths from other narrators as well.
And many narrators narrated hadiths from Faddala.
- Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 310; Ḥillī, Khulāṣat al-aqwāl, p. 230.
- Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 13, p. 272.
- Ṭūsī, Ikhtiyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, vol. 2, p. 831-832.
- Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 342, 363.
- Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 310.
- Ḥillī, Khulāṣat al-aqwāl, p. 230.
- Ardabīlī, Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt, vol. 2, p. 2.
- Ardabīlī, Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt, vol. 2, p. 3.
- Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 310.
- Subḥānī, Mawsūʿat ṭabaqāt al-fuqahā, p. 444-445.
- Subḥānī, Mawsūʿat ṭabaqāt al-fuqahā, vol. 2, p. 444.
- Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 13, p. 274.
- Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 311; Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, p. 201.
- Ardabīlī, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt wa izāḥat al-ishtibāhāt ʿan ṭuruq wa al-isnād. Qom: Manshūrāt Maktabat Āyatullāh Marʿashī al-Najafī, 1403 AH.
- Ḥillī, al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. Khulāṣat al-aqwāl. Nashr al-Fiqāha, 1417 AH. [n.p].
- Khoeī, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Beirut: Dār al-Zahrā, 1409 AH.
- Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Najaf: Maṭbaʿat al-Murtaḍawiyya, 1352 Sh.
- Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl al-Najāshī. [n.p]. Muʾassisa Nashr-i Islāmī, 1424 AH.
- Subḥānī, Jaʿfar. Mawsūʿat ṭabaqāt al-rijāl. Qom: Muʾassisat Imām al-Ṣādiq (a), 1418 AH.
- Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Ikhtiyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, known as Rijāl Kashshī. Qom: Muʾassisa-yi Āl-i al-Bayt li Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, [n.d].
- Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Fihrist. [n.p]. Nashr al-Fiqāha, 1417 AH.