Ali b. al-Imam al-Sadiq (a)

Priority: c, Quality: b
From wikishia
Ali b. al-Imam al-Sadiq (a)
The tomb attributed to him, Qom, Iran
The tomb attributed to him, Qom, Iran
RoleCompanion of Imam al-Sadiq (a), Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a), Imam al-Jawad (a), and Imam al-Hadi (a)
TeknonymAbu l-Hasan
FatherImam al-Sadiq (a)
Children13 sons and 7 daughters

ʿAlī b. Jaʿfar b. Muḥammad (Arabic: علی بن جعفر بن محمد) (the 3rd/9th century) known as al-ʿUrayḍī (Arabic: العُرَیْضي), is the son of Imam al-Sadiq (a). He has narrated a lot of hadiths. He was very pious and well educated. He accompanied his brother, Musa b. Ja'far (a) and narrated a lot of hadiths from him.[1] He is counted the youngest child of Imam al-Sadiq (a) who also experienced the Imam al-Hadi's (a) period.[2] Mausoleums in 'Urayd, a village near Medina, and Qom and Semnan in Iran, are attributed to him.


His father was Imam al-Sadiq (a) and his mother's name is not reported and only it is known that she was umm al-walad.[3]

Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)
'Abd Allah
Lady Fatima
Imam Ali
Umm al-Banin
Imam al-Husayn
Imam al-Hasan
Lady Zaynab
Umm Kulthum
Abd Allah
Umm Kulthum
'Abd Allah
'Abd Allah
Imam al-Sajjad
'Ali al-Akbar
'Ali al-Asghar
Imam al-Baqir
Imam al-Sadiq
'Abd Allah
'Ubayd Allah
Imam al-Kazim
Umm Farwa
'Abd Allah
Imam al-Rida
Imam al-Jawad
Imam al-Hadi
Imam al-'Askari
Imam al-Mahdi


There is no report about his exact birth date. Some say that he was 2 when Imam al-Sadiq (a) was martyred (148/765),[4] on the other hand, some believe that he was in his early youth at that time.[5] For example, al-Mamaqani believes that he was between 16 to 20; because, narrating from his father requires this age.[6]

Teknonym and Surname

His teknonym was Abu l-Hasan.[7] Due to his relationship with Ahl al-Bayt (a) he was given various surnames such as: al-Husayni,[8] al-Hashimi,[9] and 'Alavi,[10] but the most famous one is al-'Uraydi. 'Urayd is a village located one farsakh away from Medina, Arabia. It was a private property of Imam al-Baqir (a), who left it for Imam al-Sadiq (a), and later according to the will of Imam al-Sadiq (a) it was given to his youngest son, 'Ali b. Ja'far.[11]

Wife and Children

According to Muhaddith Qummi his wife was Fatima b. 'Abd Allah Bahir son of Imam al-Sajjad (a).[12] Genealogists have counted 13 sons and 7 daughters for him:


  1. Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad Akbar, Jamal al-Din.
  2. Al-Hasan
  3. Ahmad, known as al-Sha'rani
  4. Ja'far al-Asghar
  5. Ja'far al-Akbar
  6. Al-Husayn
  7. 'Isa
  8. Al-Qasim
  9. 'Ali
  10. 'Abd Allah
  11. Muhammad al-Asghar
  12. Ahmad al-Asghar
  13. Muhsin[13]


  1. Kulthum
  2. 'Aliyya
  3. Malika
  4. Khadija
  5. Hamduna
  6. Zaynab
  7. Fatima[14]

Companionship with Imams (a)

It is said that 'Ali b. Ja'far is one of the few people who experienced 5 Imams. Al-Shaykh al-Tusi has listed him in his father's (Imam al-Sadiq (a)) companions.[15] According to Tarikh Qom, which says that he was 2 years old when Imam al-Sadiq (a) was martyred,[16] his direct narration from him remains dubious; unless we accept the opinion of al-Mamaqani, who believes that he was between 16 to 20 years old at that time.[17]

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi also listed him among Imam al-Kazim's (a) companions[18] and added that he had a book in which he had compiled his questions from Imam al-Kazim (a) and the Imam's answers.[19]

He was the nearest companion to Imam al-Kazim (s) to the point that he said: "I performed 'Umra 4 times along with my brother and his family. One lasted 26 days, the other 25, the other 24, and the last one 21 days."[20]

Also, his name is counted among Imam al-Rida's (a) companions in the book Rijal written by al-Shaykh al-Tusi.[21] He had a book of narrations from Imam al-Rida (a).[22] Al-Hasan b. Faddal quoted in a narration that Imam al-Kazim (a) informed 'Ali b. Ja'far about the imamate of Imam al-Rida (a) and he accepted that.[23] In another hadith Zakariyya b. Yahya narrated that 'Ali b. Ja'far explained the imamate of Imam al-Rida (a) in his conversation with al-Hasan b. al-Husayn b. Imam al-Sajjad (a).[24]

In another incident 'Ali b. Ja'far supported Imam al-Jawad (a): Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. 'Ammar narrates: "It was two years that I was studying under 'Ali b. Ja'far and writing his narration from his brother. One day [while we were in Masjid al-Nabi (the mosque of the Prophet (s) in Medina) and he was retelling the hadiths to us Imam al-Jawad (a) entered Masjid al-Nabi, 'Ali b. Ja'far jumped to his feet and without [wearing] his shoes and cloak hurried to him. He kissed Imam al-Jawad's (a) hand and honored him. Imam al-Jawad (a) told him: "O uncle! [please] sit down. God bless you."

He replied: "O my master! How I can sit, while you are standing." When 'Ali b. Ja'far returned to his place, his companions criticized him and said: "you are his father's uncle. Why do you treat him like this?" he grabbed his white beard and said: "be silent! If Allah did not see [the owner] of this beard suitable for imamate, but this child, should I deny his merits? -I seek protection to God from what you are saying- rather I am his servant.[25]

He also met Imam al-Hadi (a)[26] but there is no hadith in narration sources, that he has narrated it form Imam al-Hadi (a).[27].[28]


In addition to Imam al-Sadiq, Imam al-Kazim, and Imam al-Rida (a), these people are listed among his masters:


According to the books of 'ilm al-rijal and narration sources, he had more than 40 pupils, some of which are:


Most of the scholars of 'ilm al-rijal has reported a book titled Masa'il 'Ali b. Ja'far for him (al-Najashi mentioned that he had one book);[32] but Sayyid Musa Shubayri Zanjani believes that he had 3 books:


There are different reports about his demise date. Some said that he passed away in 210/825-6,[36] some said in 220/835[37] and some other said that it is not improbable that he lived to 252/866-7 and consequently, believed that he lived for 120 years or even more.[38]

Al-Mas'udi believes that he passed away in Dhu l-Hijja 27, 233/August 2, 848 and he was 72;[39] but this report can not be right, because he was a child and at least 2 years old when his father as martyred, and if we accept the demise year that al-Mas'udi reported, he was at least 87 when he passed away in 233/848, not 72.

Before his demise 'Ali b. Ja'far said: "a year before my father's demise when his family were at his presence, he said: Allah has never emphasized this much on anything, more than imamate and [his] servants have never denied anything more imamate.


There are three possibilities about his mausoleum. There are mausoleum by his name in 'Urayd, near Medina, Qom, and Semnan.


Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi wrote in his autobiography that the buried person in the cemetery of Bagh-i Bihisht, Qom is 'Ali b. Ja'far al-'Uraydi and added that he travelled to Qom because of the invitation of its people.[40] Also, Mudarrisi Yazdi has the same opinion.[41]


Muhaddith Nuri believes that the burial of 'Ali b. Ja'far in Qom is very improbable; because, firstly: there is no report about this in 'ilm al-rijal sources, secondly: narrators of Qom, who would even travel to narrate hadiths, did not narrate any hadith from him, and thirdly about 100 of Sayyids and Imams' descendants who traveled to Qom have been listed in the book Tarikh Qom but there is no indication about 'Ali b. Ja'far or his travel to Qom in the book.[42].[43] Consequently, he Muhaddith Nuri believes that 'Ali b. Ja'far was buried in 'Urayd located about one farsakh away from Medina. Nowadays there are a mausoleum and a mosque by his name.[44]


In downtown Semnan,[45] there is a mausoleum attributed to him.[46]


  1. Mufīd, al-Irshād, p. 558.
  2. Muḥammadī, Anwār-i parākanda, p. 267.
  3. Ibn Ṭabāṭabā, Muntaqalāt al-ṭālibīyya, vol. 3, p. 224; Nūrī, Mustadrak al-wasāʾil, vol. 3, p. 626.
  4. Qummī, Tārīkh-i Qom, p. 224; Nūrī, Mustadrak al-wasāʾil, vol. 3, p. 626.
  5. Quhpāʾie, Majmaʿ al-rijāl, vol. 11, p. 291.
  6. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 2, p. 273.
  7. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 176.
  8. Shudhurāt al-dhahab, vol. 2, p. 24.
  9. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb, vol. 2, p. 293.
  10. Dhahabī, Wafayāt al-mashāhīr wa l-aʿlām, vol. 14, p. 263.
  11. Qummī, Tārīkh-i Qom, p. 224.
  12. Qummī, Muntahā l-āmāl, vol. 2, p. 187.
  13. Raja'ī, al-Muʿaqqibūn, vol. 2, p. 409-410.
  14. Raja'ī, al-Muʿaqqibūn, vol. 2, p. 410.
  15. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 224.
  16. Qummī, Tārīkh-i Qom, p. 224.
  17. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 2, p. 273.
  18. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 339.
  19. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 359.
  20. Ḥimyarī, Qurb al-isnād, p. 122.
  21. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 359.
  22. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 359.
  23. Ṭūsī, al-Ghayba, p. 38.
  24. Qummī, Safīnat al-biḥār, vol. 2, p. 244.
  25. Kulaynī, Uṣūl al-Kāfī, vol. 2, p. 106-107; Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 50, p. 104; Kashshī, Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, p. 429.
  26. Raja'ī, al-Muʿaqqibūn, vol. 2, p. 409.
  27. Barqī, Kitāb al-Rijāl, p. 25; Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 29, 287; Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 241, 353; Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 4, p. 380.
  28. Ibn Dāwūd, Kitāb al-rijāl, p. 238; Nūrī, Mustadrak al-wasāʾil, vol. 3, p. 626; 'Masāʾil Alī b. Ja'far wa mustadrakātahā, p. 56-57.
  29. Quhpāʾie, Majmaʿ al-rijāl, vol. 2, p. 175.
  30. Quhpāʾie, Majmaʿ al-rijāl, vol. 3, p. 133.
  31. Nūrī, Mustadrak al-wasāʾil, vol. 3, p. 627; Masāʾil Alī b. Ja'far wa mustadrakātahā, p. 65-68.
  32. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 176.
  33. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 251-252; Zanjānī, al-Jāmiʿ fī al-rijāl, vol. 2, p. 519.
  34. Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, p. 87-88; Zanjānī, al-Jāmiʿ fī al-rijāl, vol. 2, p. 519.
  35. Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, p. 87-88; Zanjānī, al-Jāmiʿ fī al-rijāl, vol. 2, p. 519.
  36. Dhahabī, al-ʿIbar fī khabar an ghabar, vol. 1, p. 358; Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb, vol. 2, p. 33; Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa, vol. 20, p. 360.
  37. Ibn ʿAnba, ʿUmdat al-ṭālib, p. 231; Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl, vol. 21, p. 291-292.
  38. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 2, p. 273.
  39. Masʿūdī, Murūj al-dhahab, vol. 2, p. 534, Farsi translation.
  40. Majlisī, Rawḍat al-muttaqīn, vol. 14, p. 191.
  41. Turbat-i pākān, p. 44.
  42. Nūrī, Mustadrak al-wasāʾil, vol. 3, p. 626-627.
  43. ʿAlawī, al-Majdī fī ansāb al-ṭālibīn, p. 8.
  44. Nūrī, Mustadrak al-wasāʾil, vol. 3, p. 227-228.
  45. This tomb has two doors from Fadl Allah Nuri and Shahid Raja'i streets.
  46. Muḥiṭī Ardakānī, Sabzpūshān, p. 201; Muḥammadī, Anwār-i parākanda, vol. 1, p. 244.


  • Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • ʿAlawī, ʿAlī b. Muḥammad. Al-Majdī fī ansāb al-ṭālibīn. Edited by Mahdawī Dāmghānī. Qom: Marʿashī, 1409 AH.
  • Barqī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Kitāb al-Rijāl. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Dhahabī, Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad. Al-ʿIbar fī khabar an ghabar.Edited by Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn Munjid. Kuwait: 1960.
  • Ḥimyarī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Jaʿfar al-. Qurb al-isnād. [n.p]. Islāmiya, 1370 Sh.
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb. 1st edition. India: 1329 AH.
  • Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Ḥasan b. 'Alī. Kitāb al-rijāl. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Ibn Ṭabāṭabā, ʿAlawī Iṣfahāni, Ibrāhīm b. Nāṣir. Muntaqalāt al-ṭālibīyya. Najaf: Manshurat Maṭbaʿat al-Ḥaydarīyya, 1380 AH.
  • Ibn ʿAnba, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī b. Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī. ʿUmdat al-ṭālib fi ansāb Āl Abī Ṭālib. Najaf: [n.d].
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Edited by Ḥāshim Rasūlī. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllāma, 1362 Sh.
  • Kashshī, Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-. Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl. Mashhad: Dānishgāh-i Mashhad, 1385 Sh.
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Uṣūl al-Kāfī. Translated by Jawād Muṣṭafawī. Tehran: Islāmiyya, 1407 AH.
  • Khoeī, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Markaz-i Nashr-i Āthār-i Shīa, 1369 Sh.
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Irshād. Translation to Farsi and commentary by Muḥammad Bāqir Sāʿidī. Edited by Muḥammad Bāqir Bihbūdī. [n.p]. Intishārāt-i Islāmiya, 1380 Sh.
  • Muḥiṭī Ardakānī, Aḥmad. Sabzpūshān. Qom: Intishārāt-i Zāʾir, 1384 Sh.
  • Muḥammadī, Muḥammad Mahdī, Anwār-i parākanda. Qom: Intishārāt-i Masjid Muqaddas-i Jamkarān, 1376 Sh.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut: Islāmiyya, 1385 Sh.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Taqī. Rawḍat al-muttaqīn. volume 14. Qom: Muʾassisa-yi Farhangī Islamī Kūshanpūr, 1399 AH.
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Najaf: 1350 AH.
  • Masʿūdī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-. Murūj al-dhahab wa maʿadin al-jawhar. Translated to Farsi by Pāyanda, Abū l-Qāsim. 4th edition. ʿIlmī Publication, 1370 Sh.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl al-Najāshī. Qom: Maktibat al-Dāwarī, 1398 AH.
  • Nūrī, Mīrzā Ḥusayn al-. Mustadrak al-wasāʾil wa musṭanbit al-wasā'il. volume 3. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Qummī, Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad b. Ḥasan. Tārīkh-i Qom. Edited by Sayyid Jalāl al-Dīn Tehrānī. printed by Majlis. [n.d].
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Safīnat al-biḥār wa madīnat al-ḥikam wa l-āthār. [n.p]. 1363 Sh.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Muntahā l-āmāl. Edited by ʿIlmī, volume 2. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Quhpāʾie, ʿInāyat Allāh. Majmaʿ al-rijāl. Isfahan: 1384 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Ghayba.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Fihrist. Edited by Muḥammad Ṣādiq Āl-i Baḥr al-ʿUlūm. Najaf: Maktabat al-Raḍawīyya, [n.d].