Ibrahim b. Abd Allah al-Mahd
|Ibrahim b. Abd Allah al-Mahd|
|Role||Head of Second Uprising against Abbasid|
|Father||'Abd Allah al-Mahd|
|Place of Birth||Medina|
|Place(s) of Residence||Medina, Kufa|
|Place of Burial||Bakhamra near Kufa|
Ibrāhīm b. ʿAbd Allāh (Arabic: ابراهیم بن عبدالله) (b. 97/715- d. 145/763), known as Qatīl Bākhamrā (Arabic: قتیل باخَمرا), was a great grandson of Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a) and the brother of al-Nafs al-Zakiyya. He was the second 'Alawi who launched an uprising against the Abbasid caliphate. After his brother, al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, he rebelled against al-Mansur al-'Abbasi in Basra. A great number of people from Zaydis and the Mu'tazila participated in this uprising and even Abu Hanifa backed them. However, the uprising failed and Ibrahim was killed in 145/763 in the area of Bakhamra near Kufa.
Birth and Lineage
|Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)|
Ibrahim b. 'Abd Allah was a man of literature and hadith. His father, 'Abd Allah, asked him to reply to the questions of the founders of the Mu'tazila, such as Wasil b. 'Ata' and 'Amr b. 'Ubayd. He also composed poems. He made a collection of poems with al-Mufaddal al-Dabbi—an advocate of the uprising—which came to be attributed to al-Mufaddal.
Uprising against the Abbasids
- Main article: Uprising of Ibrahim b. 'Abd Allah
When al-Mansur al-'Abbasi became the caliph, the 'Alawis publicly opposed the Abbasids. When 'Abd Allah al-Mahd and his family were detained in Baghdad, Ibrahim and Muhammad ('Abd Allah's sons) launched a more serious opposition against the Abbasids. In 145/762, Muhammad launched an uprising in Medina, and Ibrahim launched his uprising in the early Ramadan of 145 (November 762) in Basra.
Ibrahim's army departed from Basra to Kufa on Dhu l-Qa'da 1, 145 (January 21, 763). On the other hand, al-Mansur al-'Abbasi sent 'Isa b. Musa with 18000 soldiers to combat Ibrahim's army. The two armies met in Bakhamra in 16 parasang (about 88 km) from Kufa. At first, the frontline of the Abbasid army was heavily defeated.
However, some soldiers from the Abbasid army attacked Ibrahim's army from behind. It was a great surprise and shock to Ibrahim's army. An arrow hit Ibrahim's throat and killed him on Dhu l-Hijja 25, 145 (March 16, 763). This undermined the Abbasid army and gave a momentum to the Abbasids. Thus, the early victory of the 'Alawids did not last long and Ibrahim's uprising failed. When Ibrahim was slain, his head was sent as a trophy to the caliph. His decapitated body was, however, buried in Bakhamra.
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