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Isa b. Yazid al-Jaludi

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Isa b. Yazid al-Jaludi
Epithet Isa al-Jaludi
Birth ?
Place of Residence Mecca, Egypt, and Yemen.
Death ?
Known for Commander and a consultant of Harun al-Rashid and al-Ma'mun, Opposer of Imam al-Rida's (a) Succession of al-Ma'mun
Notable roles Governor of Mecca and Yemen

Isā b. Yazīd al-Jalūdī (Arabic: عیسی بن یزید الجَلودي) was a military commander and a consultant of Harun al-Rashid and al-Ma'mun and a governor of Mecca, Egypt, and Yemen.

He was executed by al-Ma'mun when he refused to pledge his allegiance to Imam al-Rida (a) as the heir to the throne. It is reported that invaded Medina and plundered the houses of the Alids by the command of Harun al-Rashid or al-Ma'mun.

Life

Isa b. Yazid al-Jaludi was a military commander and consultant of Harun al-Rashid and al-Ma'mun. It is said that the title "al-Jaludi" was taken from "Jalud" which was the name of a region in Africa or Syria.

Al-Jaludi's date of birth and demise are not known, but the story of his execution is reported: he refused to pledge his allegiance to Imam al-Rida (a) as the heir to the throne and consequently was arrested and executed by al-Ma'mun. Al-Shaykh al-Saduq reports that Imam al-Rida (a) asked al-Ma'mun to forgive him, but because of his enmity toward the Imam, al-Jaludi thought that Imam al-Rida (a) had asked al-Ma'mun to punish him, so he beseeched al-Ma'mun to do the opposite of what the Imam (a) had asked him. Thus, al-Ma'mun beheaded him.

Historical sources report that al-Jaludi was the governor of Mecca and Yemen by al-Ma'mun's command. Some also report that he became the governor of Egypt by the command of the Tahirid emir Abd Allah b. Tahir in 213/828 and a second time toward the end of 214/829.

Al-Jaludi fought against Muhammad al-Dibaj in Medina, against Hamdawayh in Yemen, and against Zayd al-Nar in Basra and managed to defeat them.

Opposition to Imam al-Rida (a)

According to al-Ya'quni, Isa b. Yazid al-Jaludi was charged by al-Ma'mun to order the Meccans to pledge their allegiance to Imam al-Rida (a). Thus, he went to Mecca carrying a green cloth and had the Meccans pledge their allegiance to the Imam (a).

Al-Shaykh al-Saduq reports that al-Jaludi later became an enemy of Imam al-Rida (a), and al-Ma'mun imprisoned him for refusing to pledge his allegiance to the Imam (a). In another report, after the martyrdom of Imam al-Kazim (a) and the defeat of Muhammad al-Dibaj, Isa al-Jaludi invaded Medina and plundered the houses of the Alids by the command of Harun al-Rashid or al-Ma'mun. When he reached the house of Imam al-Rida (a), the Imam (a) prevented him from entering his house and told him that he himself would bring what they had inside the house.

Some sources mention that al-Jaludi was charged with taking Imam al-Rida (a) from Medina to Merv, but given al-Jaludi's hostility toward the Imam (a) some scholars have considered this report mistaken and stated that al-Jaludi who was charged with taking the Imam (a) to Merv was a different person than Isa b. Yazid. Abu l-Faraj al-Isfahani also mentions that al-Jaludi who was charged with taking Imam al-Rida (a) to Merv was from Khorasan.

References