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Fatima bt. al-Imam al-Hasan (a)

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Fatima bt. al-Imam al-Hasan
Wife of Imam al-Sajjad (a)
Teknonym Umm Muhammad or Umm 'Abd Allah
Epithet Al-Siddiqa
Lineage Banu Hashim
Well-known Relatives Imam al-Hasan (a) (father), Imam al-Baqir (a) (son)
Place of Residence Medina
Era Umayyad Dynasty
Known for Mother of Imam al-Baqir (a)
Activities Present at the Battle of Karbala, one of Captives of Karbala

Fāṭima bt. al-Imām al-Ḥasan al-Mujtabā (a) (Arabic:فاطمة بنت الإمام الحسن) was the wife of Imam al-Sajjad (a) and the mother of Imam al-Baqir (a) who was among captives of the family of Imam al-Husayn (a) after the Tragedy of Karbala.

Teknonyms, Titles, and Position

Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khadija
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Mariya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Lady Fatima
 
 
 
Ibrahim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam Ali
 
 
 
 
Umm al-Banin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Husayn
 
 
Imam al-Hasan
 
Lady Zaynab
 
Umm Kulthum
 
Muhsin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Abd Allah
 
Uthman
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
'Awn
 
Ali
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Umm Kulthum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hasan
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Fatima
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Abd Allah
 
Zaynab
 
Ibrahim
 
Al-Hasan
 
al-Hasan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
Ibrahim
 
Idris
 
 
 
 
 
Nafisa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sajjad
 
'Ali al-Akbar
 
'Ali al-Asghar
 
Fatima
 
Sukayna
 
Ruqayya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Baqir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sadiq
 
'Abd Allah
 
Ibrahim
 
'Ubayd Allah
 
'Ali
 
Yahya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Kazim
 
Muhammad
 
Ali
 
Ishaq
 
Umm Farwa
 
'Abd Allah
 
Isma'il
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Rida
 
Ma'suama
 
Hamza
 
Ishaq
 
Ahmad
 
Ibrahim
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Imam al-Jawad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hadi
 
Musa
 
Fatima
 
Hakima
 
Amama
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-'Askari
 
Husayn
 
Muhammad
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
Imam al-Mahdi
 
 

Her teknonym was Umm Muhammad[1] or Umm 'Abd Allah[2] or Umm 'Abduh[3] and her title was (mentioned in a hadith as) al-Siddiqa.[4] In a narration, Jabir says that he had seen the names of the mothers of Imams (a) in Sahifa Fatima. In this narration, he has mentioned Umm 'Abd Allah daughter of al-Hasan b. Ali b. Abi Talib as the mother of Imam al-Baqir (a).[5]

Imam al-Baqir (a) said that once his mother pointed to the wall and prevented it from collapsing.[6]

There is no mention of the mother of Umm 'Abd Allah, the time or place of her burial in historical sources. The marriage of Fatima with 'Ali b. al-Husayn (a) cause their children to be descended from Imam al-Hasan (a) on the mother's side and from Imam al-Husyan (a) on their father's side. After this marriage, Imam al-Baqir (a) was known as a Hashimi among Hashimiyyun, an 'Alawi among 'Alawiyyun or a Fatimi among Fatimiyyun.[7] Some sources mentioned 'Abd Allah al-Bahir as her son.[8]

Presence in Karbala

Fatima bt. al-Hasan (a) was present in Karbala and was taken captive together with other people left from the family of Imam al-Husayn (a).[9]

Notes

  1. Ibn ʿAsākir, Tārīkh madīnat Dimashq, vol. 70. p. 261.
  2. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 46, p. 215.
  3. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 8, p. 390.
  4. Kulaynī, Uṣūl al-Kāfī, vol. 2, p. 446.
  5. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 36, p. 194.
  6. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 46, p. 215; Qummī, Muntahā l-āmāl, vol. 2, p. 173.
  7. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 8, p. 390; Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 46, p. 215; Qummī, Muntahā l-āmāl, vol. 2, p. 173.
  8. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb, vol. 5, p. 325; Khoei, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 11, p. 283.
  9. Ibn ʿAsākir, Tārīkh madīnat Dimashq, vol. 70, p. 261.

References

  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Edited by Ḥasan Amīn. Beirut: Dār al-Tʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, [n.d].
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb. Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, [n.d].
  • Ibn ʿAsākir, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥasan. Tārīkh madīnat Dimashq. Edited by ʿAlī Shīrī. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1415 AH.
  • Khoei, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Najaf: Muʾassisat al-Khoei al-Islāmīyya, [n.d].
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Uṣūl al-Kāfī. Tarjuma-yi Ḥasan Ḥasanzāda Amulī. Qom: Qāʾim Āl-i Muḥammad, 1387 Sh.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār al-jāmiʿa li-durar akhbār al-aʾimmat al-aṭhār. Edited by a group of authors. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, [n.d].
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Irshād fī maʿrifat ḥujaj Allāh ʿala l-ʿibād. Edited by Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt. Qom: al-Muʾtamar al-ʿĀlamīyya li-alfīya al-Shaykh al-Mufīd, 1372 Sh.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Muntahā l-āmāl. Qom: Muʾassisat Intishārāt-i Hijrat, [n.d].