Bazaar of Damascus

Priority: c, Quality: b
From wikishia
Bazaar of Damascus
General Information
TypeCommercial - historical
LocationDamascus, Syria
Coordinates33°30′39″N 36°18′3″E / 33.51083°N 36.30083°E / 33.51083; 36.30083
Other namesal-Hamidiyya Bazaar
Related eventsThe captives of Karbala were passed through this market
Area600 meters long, 15 meters wide and 8 meters high
Renovation1780 (Ottoman period)

Bazaar of Damascus or al-Ḥamīdīyya Bazaar (Arabic: سوق الحمیدیّة) is a historical market in Damascus in which the captives of Karbala were passed through by the order of Yazid b. Mu'awiya. It is mentioned in the mourning ceremonies of the month of Muharram. It is the most important market of Damascus located in the old part of the city near Umayyad Great mosque.


Bazaar of Damascus is the most important market of Damascus located in the old part of the city. This market is about six hundred meters long,[1] fifteen meters wide and eight meters high ending at Umayyad Great mosque.[2]

Its present construction dates back to Uthmani period. Sultan Abd al-Hamid Uthmani constructed it in two floors in 1780 and then it became famous as al-Hamidiyya Bazaar. [3]However, in some Persian books, the existence of Ahmadiyya school or Khanqah and also location of al-Hamidiyya mosque there is mentioned as the reason for naming it as al-Hamidiyya Bazaar.[4] It is said that some ruins of the pillars of Jupiter Temple belonging to the time of Byzantine Empire still exist at the end of the bazaar.[5] Bazaar of Damascus is among the sites usually visited by foreign pilgrims and tourists.

Passing the Captives of Karbala

After the Battle of Ashura, the city of Damascus was decorated by the order of Yazid b. Mu'awiya and the captives of Karbala were entered into the city.[6] It is famous that while the people of Damascus had come to visit, the captives were taken around the city in the alleys and the market.[7] In the laments about Yazid's gathering and entering into Damascus given in the months of Muharram and Safar,[8] the entering of the captives of Karbala into the city and the Bazaar of Damascus and the way people of the city treated them are mentioned. In some cities of Iran, Ta'ziya of the Bazaar of Damascus is also played.

See Also


  1. Qāʾidān, Amākin-i sīyāḥatī wa zīyāratī-yi Dimashq, p. 53.
  2. Al-Hamidiyya Bazaar (Arabic).
  3. Al-Hamidiyya Bazaar (Arabic).
  4. Qāʾidān, Amākin-i sīyāḥatī wa zīyāratī-yi Dimashq, p. 53.
  5. Qāʾidān, Amākin-i sīyāḥatī wa zīyāratī-yi Dimashq, p. 53.
  6. Muqarram, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, p. 366-367.
  7. Muḥaddithī, Farhang-i ʿĀshūrā, p. 74.
  8. Shahīdī, Bāzār-i Shām, vol. 3, p. 34.


  • Dihkhudā, ʿAlī Akbar. Lughatnāma. Edited by Akram Sulṭānī and others. Tehran: Dānishgāh-i Tehrān, 1385 Sh.
  • Muḥaddithī, Javād. Farhang-i ʿĀshūrā. 2nd edition. Qom: Nashr-i Maʿrūf, 1388 AH.
  • Muqarram, ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-. Maqtal al-Ḥusayn aw ḥadith Karbalā. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Khirsān li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1426 AH.
  • Qāʾidān, Aṣghar. Amākin-i sīyāḥatī wa zīyāratī-yi Dimashq. Tehran: Mashʿar, 1388 Sh.
  • Shahīdī, Ghulām Ḥusayn. Bāzār-i Shām. In Dāʾirat al-maʿārif-i Tashayyuʿ. volume 3. Tehran: Nashr-i Shahīd Saʿīd Muḥibbī, 1380 Sh.
  • سوق الحمیدیه Al-Hamidiyya Bazaar (Arabic). Accessed: 2024/04/9.