ʿAyn al-Warda (Arabic: عین الوردة) is the name of a region in north-east of Damascus and in the west of Kufa in Syria. It is famous for the uprising of Tawwabun which took place there. Sulayman b. Surad al-Khuza'i and his followers were martyred there.
It is said 'Ayn al-Warda was a resting place between Kufa and Damascus. It is stated in al-Mu'jam al-Buldan: 'Ayn al-Warda, is a famous city in Upper Mesopotamia, a region between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River. A number of important battles of Arabs took place there and it experienced some historical events as well.
The Rise of Tawwabun
- Main article: Tawwabun Uprising
The army of Tawwabun led by Sulayman b. Surad confronted the army of Ibn Ziyad in 'Ayn al-Warda region. Tawwabun launched their uprising to seek revenge against Banu Umayyad who killed Imam al-Husayn (a) and his companions in the Battle of Karbala. They also wanted to compensate for their failure to assist Imam al-Husayn (a). Finally Sulayman b. Surad and his supporters were martyred in 'Ayn al-Warda.
- Bā kārwān-i Ḥusaynī, vol. 5, p. 156.
- Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān, vol. 4, p. 180.
- Muhaddithī, Farhang-i Āshūrā, p. 332.
- Group of authors. Bā kārwān-i Ḥusaynī. Translated to Farsi by ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn Bīnish. Qom: Zamzam-i Hidāyat, 1386 Sh.
- Ḥamawī, Yāqūt b. ʿAbd Allāh al-. Muʿjam al-buldān. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1399 AH.
- Muhaddithī, Javād. Farhang-i Āshūrā. Qom: Nashr-i Maʿrūf, 1388 Sh.