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'Ayn al-Warda

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ʿAyn al-Warda (Arabic: عین الوردة) is the name of a region in north-east of Damascus and in the west of Kufa in Syria. It is famous for the uprising of Tawwabun which took place there. Sulayman b. Surad al-Khuza'i and his followers were martyred there.

Geography

It is said 'Ayn al-Warda was a resting place between Kufa and Damascus.[1] It is stated in al-Mu'jam al-Buldan: 'Ayn al-Warda, is a famous city in Upper Mesopotamia, a region between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River. A number of important battles of Arabs took place there and it experienced some historical events as well.[2]

The Rise of Tawwabun

Main article: Tawwabun Uprising

The army of Tawwabun led by Sulayman b. Surad confronted the army of Ibn Ziyad in 'Ayn al-Warda region. Tawwabun launched their uprising to seek revenge against Banu Umayyad who killed Imam al-Husayn (a) and his companions in the Battle of Karbala. They also wanted to compensate for their failure to assist Imam al-Husayn (a). Finally Sulayman b. Surad and his supporters were martyred in 'Ayn al-Warda.[3]

Notes

  1. Bā kārwān-i Ḥusaynī, vol. 5, p. 156.
  2. Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān, vol. 4, p. 180.
  3. Muhaddithī, Farhang-i Āshūrā, p. 332.

References

  • Group of authors. Bā kārwān-i Ḥusaynī. Translated to Farsi by ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn Bīnish. Qom: Zamzam-i Hidāyat, 1386 Sh.
  • Ḥamawī, Yāqūt b. ʿAbd Allāh al-. Muʿjam al-buldān. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1399 AH.
  • Muhaddithī, Javād. Farhang-i Āshūrā. Qom: Nashr-i Maʿrūf, 1388 Sh.