ʿAyn al-Warda (Arabic: عین الوردة) is the name of a region in north-east of Damascus and in the west of Kufa in Syria. It is famous for the uprising of Tawwabun which took place there. Sulayman b. Surad al-Khuza'i and his followers were martyred there.
It is said 'Ayn al-Warda was a resting place between Kufa and Damascus. It is stated in al-Mu'jam al-Buldan: 'Ayn al-Warda, is a famous city in Upper Mesopotamia, a region between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River. A number of important battles of Arabs took place there and it experienced some historical events as well.
The Rise of Tawwabun
The army of Tawwabun led by Sulayman b. Surad confronted the army of Ibn Ziyad in 'Ayn al-Warda region. Tawwabun launched their uprising to seek revenge against Banu Umayyad who killed Imam al-Husayn (a) and his companions in the Battle of Karbala. They also wanted to compensate for their failure to assist Imam al-Husayn (a). Finally Sulayman b. Surad and his supporters were martyred in 'Ayn al-Warda.
- Bā kārwān-i Ḥusaynī, vol. 5, p. 156.
- Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān, vol. 4, p. 180.
- Muhaddithī, Farhang-i Āshūrā, p. 332.
- Group of authors. Bā kārwān-i Ḥusaynī. Translated to Farsi by ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn Bīnish. Qom: Zamzam-i Hidāyat, 1386 Sh.
- Ḥamawī, Yāqūt b. ʿAbd Allāh al-. Muʿjam al-buldān. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1399 AH.
- Muhaddithī, Javād. Farhang-i Āshūrā. Qom: Nashr-i Maʿrūf, 1388 Sh.