Amina Baygum Majlisi

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Personal Information
Full Name Amina Baygum Majlisi
Well-Known As Amina Khatun
Religious Affiliation Twelver Shi'a
Well-Known Relatives Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi (father), Mulla Salih Mazandarani (husband), Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi (brother)
Residence Isfahan
Death 12th/18th century
Burial Place Takht-i Fulad, Isfahan
Scholarly Information
Professors Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi, al-'Allama al-Majlisi
Works Commentary on Ibn Malik's Alfiyya, Commentary on al-Suyuti's al-Shawahid, A collection of jurisprudential issues, A collection of poems

Āmina Baygum Majlisī (Persian: آمِنَه بَیْگُم مجلسي) or Āmina Khātūn (آمِنَه خاتون) was a female religious scholar in the Safavid period. She was the daughter of Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi, the sister of al-'Allama al-Majlisi, and the wife of Mulla Salih Mazandarani. Amina Baygum helped al-'Allama al-Majlisi in the collection of hadiths for Bihar al-anwar. Her work includes books such as a commentary on Ibn Malik's Alfiyya, a commentary on al-Suyuti's al-Shawahid, and a collection of jurisprudential issues.

Biography

Amina Baygum, or Amina Khatun, was the daughter of the first al-Majlisi and the sister of al-'Allama al-Majlisi.[1] Authors take her to be renowned for her scholarship and vast knowledge.[2]

'Abd Allah al-Afandi, the author of Riyad al-'ulama' wa hiyad al-fudala' who was almost contemporaneous with Amina Baygum, characterizes her as a pious and knowledgeable scholar.[3]

The name of Amina Baygum's mother is not mentioned in sources. The only thing it is known about her is that she was the daughter of Sadr al-Din Muhammad al-Husayni al-'Ashuri al-Qummi.[4]

The years of her birth[5] and death are not mentioned in sources,[6] but it is said that she died in the twelfth/eighteenth century.[7]

Amina Baygum passed away in Isfahan and was buried in Takht-i Fulad cemetery.[8] According to other scholars, she was buried elsewhere.[9]

Husband and Children

Amina Khatun married Mulla Salih Mazandarani at her father's suggestion.[10] Mulla Salih was a student of Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi.[11] He wrote many books, including a commentary on al-Kafi.[12] Amina Khatun and Mulla Salih had six sons all of whom became religious scholars.[13] They also had one or two daughters.[14]

Al-Wahid al-Bihbahani and Ayatollah Burujirdi were from the progeny of Amina Baygum and Mulla Salih Mazandarani.[15]

Scholarly Position

Amina Khatun was a student of her father, Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi, and her brother, al-'Allama al-Majlisi.[16]

It is said that she wrote some books, including:

  • A commentary on Ibn Malik's Alfiyya
  • A commentary on al-Suyuti's al-Shawahid
  • A collection of jurisprudential issues
  • A collection of poems.[17]

Amina Khatun assisted her brother, al-'Allama al-Majlisi, in the collection of hadiths for some volumes of Bihar al-anwar.[18] It is also said that her husband, Mulla Salih Mazandarani, consulted her when he tried to figure out some parts of al-'Allama al-Hilli's book, Qawa'id al-ahkam.[19]

Notes

  1. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 2, p. 95.
  2. Māzandarānī, Sharḥ al-kāfī, p. 2.
  3. Afandī Iṣfahānī, Riyāḍ al-ʿulamāʾ, vol. 5, p. 407.
  4. Hāshimī, Guharī az khāndān-i Majlisī, p. 94.
  5. Rīyāḥī, Naqsh-i bānawān-i shīʿa dar farhang wa tamaddun-i Iran wa Islām, p. 218.
  6. Rīyāḥī, Naqsh-i bānawān-i shīʿa dar farhang wa tamaddun-i Iran wa Islām, p. 222.
  7. Bānawān-i ʿālima wa āthar- ānhā, p. 42.
  8. Mawsūʿa muʾallifī al-Shīʿa, vol. 1, p. 90.
  9. Hāshimī, Guharī az khāndān-i Majlisī, p. 94.
  10. Afandī Iṣfahānī, Riyāḍ al-ʿulamāʾ, vol. 5, p. 407.
  11. Māzandarānī, Sharḥ al-kāfī, p. 2.
  12. Māzandarānī, Sharḥ al-kāfī, p. 2.
  13. Amīn, Mustadrakāt aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 8.
  14. Hāshimī, Guharī az khāndān-i Majlisī, p. 100.
  15. Hāshimī, Guharī az khāndān-i Majlisī, p. 97.
  16. Mawsūʿa muʾallifī al-Shīʿa, vol. 1, p. 90.
  17. Amīn, Mustadrakāt aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 8.
  18. Rīyāḥī, Naqsh-i bānawān-i shīʿa dar farhang wa tamaddun-i Iran wa Islām, p. 221.
  19. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 2, p. 97.

References

  • Afandī Iṣfahānī, ʿAbd Allāh. Riyāḍ al-ʿulamāʾ wa ḥiyāḍ al-fuḍalāʾ. Edited by Aḥmad Ḥusaynī Ashkwarī. Beirut: Muʾassisa Tārīkh al-ʿArabī, 1431 AH.
  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Edited by Ḥasan Amīn. Beirut: Dār al-Tʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1403 AH.
  • Amīn, Ḥasan. Mustadrakāt aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Tʿāruf, 1408 AH.
  • Bānawān-i ʿālima wa āthar- ānhā. Qom: Markaz-i Mudīrīyat-i Ḥawzaha-yi Ilmīya-yi Khāharān, 1379 Sh.
  • Hāshimī, Muḥammad Qāsim. Guharī az khāndān-i Majlisī. Farhang-i Isfahan. No 5,6. Spring and Summer 1376 Sh.
  • Māzandarānī, Muḥammad Sāliḥ b. Aḥmad. Sharḥ al-kāfī. Edited by Abu l-Ḥasan Shaʿrānī. Tehran: al-Maktabat al-Islāmīya, 1382 Sh.
  • Mawsūʿa muʾallifī al-Shīʿa. Qom: Majmaʿ al-fikr al-Islāmī, 1428 AH.
  • Rīyāḥī, Muḥammad Ḥusayn. Naqsh-i bānawān-i shīʿa dar farhang wa tamaddun-i Iran wa Islām. Bānawān-i Shīʿa. No 10. Winter 1385 Sh.