Rushayd al-Hajari

Priority: c, Quality: b
From wikishia
Companion of Imam (a)
Rushayd al-Hajari
Tomb of Rushayd al-Hajari.jpg
His tomb in al-Kifl, Iraq
Companion of Imam 'Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a), Imam al-Husayn (a), and Imam al-Sajjad (a)
Epithet Rushayd al-Balaya
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
By 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad
Burial Place Al-Kifl, Iraq
Activities Shurtat al-Khamis

Rushayd al-Hajarī (Arabic: رُشَيد الهَجَري), is one of the elite companions of Imam 'Ali (a) and Imam al-Hasan (a) who was a member of Shurtat al-Khamis. He was one of the closest people to Imam 'Ali (a) and received 'Ilm al-Balaya wa l-Manaya (the knowledge of calamities and (time of) deaths) from him.

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi mentioned his name among the companions of Imam al-Husayn (a) and Imam al-Sajjad (a). He was martyred by 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad (or his father) as Imam 'Ali (a) had foretold.

Surname

"Al-Hajari" means a person from Bahrain[1] or a city in Yemen or a village near Medina.[2]

His Companionship of Imams

Not much has been said about him in historical sources. He was a member of Shurtat al-Khamis and one of the closest and elite companions of Imam 'Ali (a).[3] Al-Ya'qubi has counted him among the pupils of Imam 'Ali (a)[4] and al-Shaykh al-Tusi listed him in the companions of Imam al-Hasan (a),[5] Imam al-Husayn (a)[6] and Imam al-Sajjad (a).[7]

In Imams' Words

Imam 'Ali (a) named Him "Rushayd al-Balaya"[8] (Rushayd of the calamities). Imam al-Kazim (a) said: "indeed Rushayd knew the [time of] calamities and events, and the [time of] lives and deaths."[9]

Martyrdom

Imam 'Ali (s) had foretold the way he would be martyred.[10] 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad ordered to cut his hands, legs, and tongue and then hang him.[11] It is said that he had a daughter –named Qinwa- who has narrated the story of his father martyrdom.[12]

Opposing many scholars -such as al-Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei named 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad[13] and al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Amin named Ziyad b. Abih[14] as the one who ordered his killing.

His tomb is located in Kifl, Iraq.

Notes

  1. Ḥamawī, al-Mushtarak waqʿan wa al-muftariq ṣaqʿan, p. 438.
  2. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 7.
  3. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 63.
  4. Yaʿqūbī, Tārīkh al-Yaʿqūbī, vol. 2, p. 140.
  5. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 94.
  6. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 100.
  7. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 113.
  8. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 7.
  9. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 22, p. 123; vol. 48, p. 54.
  10. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 1, p. 326-327.
  11. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 1, p. 325.
  12. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 6.
  13. Khoei, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 7, p. 191.
  14. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 7.

References

  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Edited by Ḥasan Amīn. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1403 AH-1983.
  • Ḥamawī, Yāqūt. Al-Mushtarak waqʿan wa al-muftariq ṣaqʿan. Göttingen: 1846.
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllāma, 1379 AH.
  • Khoei, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Qom: Markaz-i Nashr-i Āthār al-Shʿīa, 1410 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Wafāʾ, 1404 AH.
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Irshād fī maʿrifat ḥujaj Allāh ʿalā l-ʿibād. Qom: Kungira-yi Shaykh al-Mufīd, 1413 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī. Qom: Jāmiʿa Mudarrisīn, 1415 AH.
  • Yaʿqūbī, Aḥmad b. Abī Yaʿqūb al-. Tārīkh al-Yaʿqūbī. Translated to Farsi by Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Āyatī. Tehran: Intishārāt-i ʿIlmī wa Farhangī, 1371 Sh.