Shurayh b. Hani al-Harithi

Priority: c, Quality: b
From wikishia
Companion of Imam (a)
Shurayh b. Hani al-Harithi
Companion of Imam 'Ali (a)
Teknonym Abu l-Miqdam
Lineage Banu Midhhaj
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Death/Martyrdom 78/697-98
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
killed in the battle of Sistan
Burial Place Sistan
Activities Commander of Imam Ali's army; participating in the battles of Jamal, Siffin and Nahrawan

Abu l-Miqdam, Shurayḥ b. Hānī al-Ḥārithī al-Midhhajī al-Kūfī (Arabic:شريح بن هاني المذحجي الکوفي) (d. 78/697-98) is one of the Tabi'in (the Follower) and one of the commanders of Imam Ali's army in the battles of Jamal, Siffin and Nahrawan. Shurayh was present during the Hakamiyya (Arbitration). In rijal sources he is introduced as a thiqa (reliable) narrator.

His father was Hani b. Shurayh b. Yazid al-Harithi. As his oldest son was named Shurayh, the Prophet (s) called him Abu l-Shurayh.[1]

Shurayh lived for 120 years[2] and was martyred in the battle of Sistan in 78/697-98.[3]

Some have counted Abu l-Miqdam among Sahaba;[4] however, according to most biographers, although he lived during the time of the Prophet (s), he did not meet him in person.[5] Ibn Sa'd have mentioned him among the Tabi'in of Kufa.[6]

Abu al-Miqdam was one of the commanders of Imam Ali's army in the battles of Jamal, Siffin and Nahrawan.[7] There is a letter form Imam Ali (a) to him in Nahj al-Balagha.[8] During the event of Hakamiyya, he warned Abu Musa al-Ash'ari for several times.[9] After that 'Amr b. 'As deceived Abu Musa al-Ash'ari in the event of Hakamiyya, Shurayh had a conflict with 'Amr b. 'As and flogged him.[10]

Ibn Athir has mentioned him among those who testified against Hujr b. 'Adi;[11] however, Shurayh denied the report about his testimony and in a letter to Mu'awiya wrote that it was fabricated by Ziyad b. Abih.[12]

Al-Nasa'i, Ibn Ma'in said that he was thiqa. Ibn Habban also counted him among thiqa narrators. Praising him, 'Abd Allah b. Mukhaymara said, "I have not seen [anyone] more virtuous than him."[13]

Notes

  1. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, al-Iṣāba, vol. 3, p. 308; Maqrizī, Imtāʿ al-asmāʾ, vol. 2, p. 278; Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr, al-Istīʿāb, vol. 4, p. 1688; Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 4, p. 304.
  2. Dīnawarī, al-Akhbār al-ṭiwāl, p. 241, (notes) quoting from Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 2, p. 396.
  3. Tārīkh-i Sīstān, p. 110; Ḥanbalī al-Damishqī, Shadharāt al-dhahab, vol. 1, p. 323; Dhahabī, Tārīkh al-Islām, vol. 5, p. 336, 425.
  4. Dīnawarī, al-Akhbār al-ṭiwāl, p. 241, (notes) quoting from Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 2, p. 396.
  5. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, al-Iṣāba, vol. 3, p. 308; Ibn Ḥajar, Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb, vol. 4, p. 290.
  6. Ibn Ḥajar, Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb, vol. 4, p. 290.
  7. Dīnawarī, al-Akhbār al-ṭiwāl, p. 206, 208, 241; Ibn Qutayba, al-Imāma wa l-sīyāsa, p. 135; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī, vol. 4, p. 565; Thaqafī al-Kūfī, al-Ghārāt, p. 550.
  8. Thaqafī al-Kūfī, al-Ghārāt, p. 442.
  9. Ibn Qutayba, al-Imāma wa l-sīyāsa, p. 162; Dhahabī, Tārīkh al-Islām, vol. 5, p. 424; Ibn Khaldūn, al-ʿIbar, vol. 1, p. 627.
  10. Dīnawarī, al-Akhbār al-ṭiwāl, p. 246; ʿIzz al-Dīn, Kāmil, vol. 10, p. 128; Masʿūdī, Murūj al-dhahab, vol. 1, p. 757; Ibn Aʿtham al-Kūfī, Kitāb al-Futūḥ, p. 701.
  11. ʿIzz al-Dīn, Kāmil, vol. 11, p. 21.
  12. ʿIzz al-Dīn, Kāmil, vol. 11, p. 21; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī, vol. 5, p. 270.
  13. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Tahdhīb al-tahdhīb, vol. 4, p. 291.

References

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