Priority: c, Quality: b

Sa'id b. Nimran al-Hamdani

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Companion of Imam (a)
Sa'id b. Nimran al-Hamdani
Full Name Sa'id b. Nirman al-Hamdani al-Na'iti
Companion of Imam Ali (a)
Place(s) of Residence Kufa, Hyrcania
Death/Martyrdom c. 70/690
Activities Attending the Battle of Yarmuk, Governor of Janad in Yemen, Judge of Kufa

Saʿīd b. Nimrān al-Hamdānī al-Naʿiṭī (Arabic:سَعید بن نِمران الهَمداني الناعِطي) (d. around 70/689) was a member of Tabi'un from Kufa. He was a representative of Imam Ali (a) in Yemen. When Busr b. Artat attacked Yemen, Ibn Nimran fled from the city; this action was criticized by Imam Ali (a). He was a companion of Hujr b. 'Adi who was arrested by Ziyad b. Abih. He was later released with intercession of Hamza b. Malik al-Hamdani. Mus'ab b. Zubayr also appointed him as a judge in Kufa for a while.

Biography

Sa'id b. Nimran was born in the time of Prophet Muhammad (s).[1] He passed away around 70/689.[2] Ibn Nimran attended the Battle of Yarmuk.[3] Later he moved to Iraq to support Qadisiyya and settled in Kufa.[4]

Musafir b. Sa'id, his son was a companion of Mukhtar al-Thaqafi.[5] Sa'id b. Nimran has narrated hadiths from Abu Bakr. 'Amir b. Sa'd has narrated hadith from Sa'id b. Nimran.[6]

In the Time of Ali b. Abi Talib's (a) Caliphate

Sa'id b. Nimran was the scribe of 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a).[7] In the time of Imam's caliphate, he was appointed as the governor of Al-Janad region in Yemen.[8] When Busr b. Artat followed Mu'awiya's order and attacked Yemen, Sa'id b. Nimran resisted only for a short time and then he fled to Kufa. Consequently Imam 'Ali (a) sent a letter to 'Ubayd Allah b. 'Abbas and Sa'id b. Nimran and criticized them for their negligence in protecting their territories and not fighting against Busr b. Artat.[9]

After the Martyrdom of Imam Ali (a)

Sa'id was also a companion of Hujr b. 'Adi who was imprisoned by Ziyad b. Abih and then sent to Syria (Levant). After some time Hamza b. Malik al-Hamdani interceded with the authority and Ibn Nimran was released, but Hujr b. 'Adi and his supporters were martyred.[10] According to the book The History of Hyrcania, Sa'id moved to Hyrcania after being released and settled there.[11] When Mus'ab b. Zubayr took control of Kufa, he appointed Sa'id b. Nimran as Judge;[12] he was shortly discharged though, as he was a companion of 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a).[13]

Notes

  1. Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr, al-Istīʿāb, vol. 2, p. 626; Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 2, p. 247-248.
  2. Ibn Ḥajar, al-Iṣāba, vol. 2, p. 212.
  3. Ibn Ḥajar, al-Iṣāba, vol. 2, p. 212; Ziriklī, al-Aʿlām, vol. 2, p. 103.
  4. Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 2, p. 247-248.
  5. Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 6, p. 146.
  6. Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr, al-Istīʿāb, vol. 2, p. 626; Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 2, p. 247-248.
  7. Ziriklī, al-Aʿlām, vol. 2, p. 103; Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr, al-Istīʿāb, vol. 2, p. 626; Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 2, p. 247-248; Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 6, p. 146; Thaqafī al-Kūfī, al-Ghārāt, vol. 2, p. 593.
  8. Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 6, p. 146; Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 2, p. 453.
  9. Sharḥ Nahj al-balagha, vol. 2, p. 5; Thaqafī al-Kūfī, al-Ghārāt, vol. 2, p. 593.
  10. Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 247-248.
  11. Ziriklī, al-Aʿlām, vol. 2, p. 103; Ibn Ḥajar, al-Iṣāba, vol. 2, p. 212.
  12. Ziriklī, al-Aʿlām, vol. 2, p. 103.
  13. Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 247-248; Ibn Ḥajar, al-Iṣāba, vol. 2, p. 212.

References

  • Balādhurī, Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-. Jumal min ansāb al-ashrāf. Edited by Suhayl Zakār & Riyāḍ al-Ziriklī. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1417 AH-1996.
  • Ibn al-Athīr al-Jazarī, ʿAlī b. Muḥammad. Usd al-ghāba fī maʿrifat al-ṣaḥāba. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1409 AH-1989.
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Al-Iṣāba fī tamyīz al-ṣaḥāba. Edited by ʿĀdil Aḥmad ʿAbd al-Mawjūd and ʿAlī Muḥammad Muʿawwaḍ. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmīyya, 1415 AH-1995.
  • Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā. Edited by Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Qādir ʿAṭā. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya, 1410 AH-1990.
  • Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr, Yūsuf b. ʿAbd Allāh. Al-Istīʿāb fī maʿrifat al-aṣḥāb. Edited by ʿAlī Muḥammad al-Bajāwī. Beirut: Dār al-Jīl, 1412 AH-1992.
  • Nahj al-balāgha. Qom: Intishārāt Dār al-Hijra, [n.d].
  • Thaqafī al-Kūfī, Ibrāhim b. Muḥammad. Al-Ghārāt. Edited by Mīr Jalāl al-Dīn Ḥusaynī Armawī. Tehran: Anjuman-i Āthār-i Millī, 1353 Sh.
  • Ziriklī, Khayr al-Dīn al-. Al-Aʿlām qāmus tarājum li ashhur al-rijāl wa al-nisāʾ min al-ʿarab wa al-mustaʿribīn wa al-mustashriqīn. 8th edition. Beirut: Dār al-ʿIlm li-l-Malāyyīn, 1989.