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Hababa al-Walibiyya

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Companion of Imam (a)
Hababa al-Walibiyya
Companion of Since Imam Ali (a) up to Imam al-Rida (a)
Teknonym Umm al-Nada
Epithet Sahibat al-Hasat (bearer of pebble)
Religious Affiliation Shi'a
Demise 184/800
Activities Hadith transmitter

Ḥabāba al-Wālibīyya (Arabic: حَبابَة الوالِبيّة) (d.184/800) was a Shi'a female transmitter of hadith since the time of Imam Ali (a) until the time of Imam al-Rida (a). Some miracles of Imams (a) have occurred for her.

She was one of the three women called Sahibat al-Hasat (bearer of pebble). According to a report, she asked Imam Ali (a) to give her a sign of Imamate. Imam (a) asked her to give him a small stone and then he (a) stamped it with his ring and its mark was embossed on the stone. Then, Imam (a) told her, "If a person claims to be an Imam and is capable of doing so, he is an Imam obedience of whom is obligatory." Hababa passed away at the time of Imam al-Rida (a) and he (a) gave his clothes to shroud her and prayed upon her body.

Lineage, Epithet and Teknonym

She was the daughter of Ja'far, from Waliba, a branch of Banu Asad tribe and thus was called Walibiyya Asadiyya.[1] Her teknonym was Umm al-Nada.[2] Her name has also been wrongly recorded as Habbaba.[3] Hababa is also called Sahibat al-Hasat (bearer of pebble). But, two other women named Umm Ghanim and Umm Aslam have stories similar to that of Hababa and thus all the three are called Sahibat al-Hasat (bearer of pebble).[4]

A Female Transmitter of Hadith

Ibn Makula[5] considered her a transmitter of Imam Ali's (a) hadiths and Ibn Babawayh mentioned a hadith in jurisprudence transmitted by her from Imam (a) in Man la yahduruh al-faqih.[6] Shi'a scholars of rijal have included her name or her teknonym among the transmitters of hadiths from Imam al-Hasan (a) up to Imam al-Baqir (a).[7]

Asking Imam Ali (a) for a Sign

According to a hadith in al-Kafi,[8] she asked Imam Ali (a) to give her a sign of Imamate. Imam (a) asked her to give him a small stone and he stamped it with his ring and its mark was embossed on the stone. Then, Imam Ali (a) explained, "If a person claims to be an Imam and is capable of doing so, he is an Imam obedience of whom is obligatory."

Hababa took the stone to each of the Imams after Imam Ali (a) up to Imam al-Rida (a) and they (a) all stamped it. This is mentioned in other sources with the same chain of transmission and text.[9]

Miracles Associated with Hababa

In Shi'a sources, there are mentions of Hababa al-Walibiyya usually under the discussion on proving the Imamate or mentioning the miracles of Pure Imams (a), including the following mentions:

  • The hairs of her head becoming black by the supplication of Imam al-Baqir (a)[12]

Demise

Hababa lived since the time of Imam Ali (a) until the time of Imam al-Rida (a) and passed away nine months after meeting Imam al-Rida (a). After the demise of Hababa al-Walibiyya, Imam al-Rida (a) gave his clothes to shroud her and prayed upon her body.[13] In Kitab al-Ghayba, al-Shaykh al-Tusi has mentioned her age 230 years.[14]

Notes

  1. Samʿānī, al-Ansāb, vol. 5, p. 568.
  2. Ṭabrisī, Iʿlām al-warā, vol. 2, p. 140; Ibn Ḥamza, Thāqib fi al-manāqib, p. 562; Rāwandī, al-Kharāʾij wa l-jarāʾiḥ, vol. 1, p. 428.
  3. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 3, part 2, p. 74-75.
  4. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 50, 122; Ṭabrisī, Iʿlām al-warā, vol. 2, p. 138-140.
  5. Ibn Makūlā, al-Ikmāl, vol. 2, p. 372.
  6. Ṣadūq, Man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh, vol. 4, p. 298.
  7. Barqī, Kitāb al-rijal, p. 62; Kashshī, Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, p. 114, 115; Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 94, 151; Ibn Dāwūd, Kitāb al-rijāl, p. 69.
  8. Kulaynī,al-Kāfī, vol. 1, p. 346-347.
  9. Ṣadūq, Kamāl al-dīn, p. 536-537; Ṭabrisī, Iʿlām al-warā, vol. 1, p. 408-409; Ibn Ḥamza, Thāqib fi al-manāqib, p. 140-141.
  10. Ṣaffār, Baṣā'ir al-darajāt, p. 271; Kashshī, Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl, p. 115.
  11. Ṣadūq, Kamāl al-dīn, p. 537; Ibn Ḥamza, Thāqib fi al-manāqib, p. 151; Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 4, p. 135.
  12. Ṣaffār, Baṣā'ir al-darajāt, p. 270; Khuṣaybī, al-Hidāya al-kubrā, p. 240; Rāwandī, al-Kharāʾij wa l-jarāʾiḥ, vol. 1, p. 273.
  13. Ṭūsī, al-Ghayba, p. 75.
  14. Maḥallātī, Rayāḥīn al-sharī'a, vol. 4, p. 138.

References

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  • Fīrūz Abādī, Majd al-Dīn. Al-Qāmūs al-muḥīṭ. Edited by Tāhir Aḥmad al-Zāwī. Bierut: 1399 AH/1979.
  • Ibn ʿAyyāsh, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Kitāb al-muqtaḍab al-athar fī l-naṣṣ ʿalā al-aʾimma al-ithnā ʿashar. Qom: Maktaba al-Ṭabāṭabāʾī, [n.d].
  • Ibn Basṭām, Ḥusayn and ʿAbd Allāh Ibn Basṭām. Ṭib al-aʾimma. Edited by Muḥsin al-ʿAqīl. Beirut: 1414 AH.
  • Ibn Dāwūd al-Ḥillī, Ḥasan b. ʿAlī. Kitāb al-rijāl. Edited by Muḥammad Ṣādiq Baḥr al-ʿUlūm. Najaf: 1394 AH.
  • Ibn Ḥamza, ʿAbd Allāh. Thāqib fi al-manāqib. Edited by Nabīl Riḍā ʿAlwān. Qom: 1412 AH.
  • Ibn Makūlā, ʿAlī b. Hibatullāh. Al-Ikmāl fī rafʿ al-irtīyāb ʿan al-muʾtalif wa al-mukhtalif fī al-asmāʾ wa al-kunā wa al-ansāb. Edited by ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Yaḥyā al-Muʿallimī al-Yamānī. Beirut: [n.d].
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Edited by Ḥāshim Rasūlī. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllāma, 1379 Sh.
  • Kashshī, Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-. Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl known as Rijāl al-Kashshī. Edited by Ḥasan Muṣṭafawī. Mashhad: 1348 Sh.
  • Khuṣaybī, Ḥusayn b. Ḥamdān al-. al-Hidāya al-kubrā. Beirut: 1406 AH.
  • Maḥallātī, Ḍhabīḥ Allāh. Rayāḥīn al-sharī'a. Tehran: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmīyya, 1370 Sh.
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