Priority: c, Quality: b

'Abd Allah b. Yahya al-Hadrami

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Companion of Imam (a)
'Abd Allah b. Yahya al-Hadrami
Full Name 'Abd Allah b. Yahya al-Hadrami
Companion of Imam 'Ali (a)
Teknonym Abu l-Rida or Abu l-Radi
Wellknown Relatives Yahya al-Hadrami (father)
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred by the order of Mu'awiya
Activities Member of Shurtat al-Khamis, attending the Battle of Jamal

ʿAbd Allāh b. Yaḥyā al-Haḍramī (Arabic: عبدالله بن یحیی الحَضرَمي) was a companion of 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a). He was a member of Shurtat al-Khamis and he attended the Battle of Jamal. 'Abd Allah was martyred by the order of Mu'awiya after the peace Treaty between Imam al-Hasan (a) and Mu'awiya. When Imam al-Hasan (a) wrote a critical letter to Mu'awiya and condemned his wrongdoings which broke his promises cited in the Peace Treaty, he mentioned the martyrdom of 'Abd Allah b. Yahya.

Name and Lineage

It is said 'Abd Allah b. Yahya al-Hadrami was from Hadhramaut, a region in Yemen. His name is stated as 'Abd Allah b. Bahr[1] and 'Abd Allah b. Nujayy[2] in historical accounts as well. Abu l-Rida[3] or Abu l-Radi[4] was the teknonym of 'Abd Allah.

Yahya al-Hadrami, the father of 'Abd Allah was also a companion of Imam 'Ali (a) and a member of Shurtat al-Khamis.[5] He accompanied Imam (a) in the Battle of Siffin.[6]

In the Time of 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a)

'Abd Allah was a member of Shurtat al-Khamis in the time of Imam 'Ali's (a) caliphate.[7] In historical reports it is said he attended the Battle of Jamal. It is narrated that Imam (a) told 'Abd Allah: "Oh, 'Abd Allah, you and your father are truly members of Shurtat al-Khamis; Prophet Muhammad (s) told me about you and your father who are members the Shurtat al-Khamis. God called you by means of his Prophet (s) members of Shurtat al-Khamis."[8]

Martyrdom

After the martyrdom of 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a), 'Abd Allah was always sad; he mentioned the virtues of Imam 'Ali (a).[9] Ziyad b. Abih informed Mu'awiya about 'Abd Allah's affection toward 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) then Mu'awiya ordered his men to kill him and his supporters.[10]

'Allama Amini has narrated in his book, Al-Ghadir, from al-Muhabbar that Ziyad crucified 'Abd Allah on the door of his house in Kufa.[11] According to the critical letter of Imam al-Husayn (a) to Mu'awiya, Ziyad eventually mutilated 'Abd Allah's body.[12]

Reaction of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a)

As al-Shaykh al-Saduq has narrated from al-Furuq bayn al-abatil wa l-huquq, when Mu'awiya violated the Peace Treaty, Imam al-Hasan (a) sent a letter to him and mentioned his wrongdoings; at first he mentioned the martyrdom of 'Abd Allah b. Yahya al-Hadrami.[13]

Imam al-Husayn (a) also sent a critical letter to Mu'awiya and condemned the order of murdering 'Abd Allah.[14]

Narrating Hadiths

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi regarded 'Abd Allah b. Yahya among the narrators of Imam 'Ali (a).[15] There are hadiths narrated by 'Abd Allah and his father, Yahya al-Hadrami, from 'Ali b. Abi Talib (a) in Shi'ite and Sunni hadith books.[16]

Notes

  1. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 2, p. 350.
  2. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 71.
  3. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 71.
  4. Mufīd, al-Ikhtiṣāṣ, p. 3.
  5. Khoei, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 20, p. 95.
  6. Ibn Kathīr, al-Bidāya wa l-nihāya, vol. 8, p. 199.
  7. Mufīd, al-Ikhtiṣāṣ, p. 3.
  8. Kashshī, Rijāl al-Kashshī, p. 6.
  9. Rāḍī, Ṣulḥ al-Ḥasan (a), p. 347.
  10. Rāḍī, Ṣulḥ al-Ḥasan (a), p. 347.
  11. Amīnī, al-Ghadīr, vol. 11, p. 79-80.
  12. Ṭabrisī, al-Iḥtijāj, vol. 2, p. 297.
  13. Ṣadūq, ʿIlal al-sharāʾiʿ, vol. 1, p. 212.
  14. Ṭabrisī, al-Iḥtijāj, vol. 2, p. 297.
  15. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 71.
  16. Abū Maʿāsh, al-Arbaʿīn fī ḥub Amīr al-Muʾminīn, vol. 6, p. 118; Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 38, p. 304.

References

  • Abū Maʿāsh, Saʿīd. Al-Arbaʿīn fī ḥub Amīr al-Muʾminīn ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib. Qom: Nashr al-Iʿtiṣām, 1378 Sh.
  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf, 1403 AH.
  • Amīnī, ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn. Al-Ghadīr fī al-kitāb wa al-sunna wa al-ʾadab. Qom: Markaz al-Ghadīr li-l-Dirāsāt al-Islāmiyya, 1416 AH.
  • Ibn Kathīr al-Dimashqī, Ismāʿīl b. ʿUmar. Al-Bidāya wa l-nihāya. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, [n.d].
  • Khoei, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Qom: al-Thiqāfat al-Islāmīyya, 1372 Sh.
  • Kashshī, Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-. Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl known as Rijāl al-Kashshī. Mashhad: Dānishgāh-i Mashhad, 1348 Sh.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Wafāʾ, 1403 AH.
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Ikhtiṣāṣ. Qom: Kungira-yi Shaykh-i Mufīd, 1413 AH.
  • Rāḍī, Āl Yāsīn. Ṣulḥ al-Ḥasan (a). Beirut: al-Aʿlamī, 1412 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. ʿIlal al-sharāʾiʿ. Najaf: Manshurāt al-Maktaba al-Ḥaydariyya, 1385 AH.
  • Ṭabrisī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Al-Iḥtijāj ʿalā ahl al-lijāj. Mashhad: Nashr-i Murtaḍā, 1403 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī. Mashhad: Majmaʾ al-Buhūth al-Islāmiyya, 1413 AH.