'Abd Allah b. Wal al-Taymi
|'Abd Allah b. Wal al-Taymi|
|Full Name||'Abd Allah b. Wal al-Taymi|
|Companion of||Imam Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Kufa|
|Death/Martyrdom||65/684-5, 'Ayn al-Warda|
|Activities||Inviting Imam al-Husayn (a) to Kufa, One of the Commanders of Tawwabun Uprising|
ʿAbd Allāh b. Wāl (Waʾil) al-Taymī (Arabic:عَبدُالله بن وال (وائل) التَیمي) was among the chiefs of Shi'a in Kufa. He was among the companions of Imam Ali (a) and Imam al-Hasan (a). After Imam al-Husayn (a) was martyred, 'Abd Allah b. Wal became one of the chiefs of Tawwabun movement and was martyred in 'Ayn al-Warda in 65/684-5.
In A'yan al-Shi'a, he has been counted among Shia poets.
'Abd Allah b. Wal was among distinguished Shia personalities in Kufa who was always a pioneer in Shia activities and was respected by Shia especially because of his sincerity and sacrifice for the Ahl al-Bayt (a).
In A'yan al-Shia, his name has been mentioned among Shia poets and Ibn Athir has mentioned him among jurists and men of worship. He was from Banu Taym tribe. Some sources have recorded his name as 'Abd Allah b. Wa'il.
During the Rule of Imam Ali (a)
After the Arbitration in the Battle of Siffin, Imam Ali (a) sent 'Abd Allah b. Wal who was young, to Basra with some others to suppress the revolt of Khirrit b. Rashid. When 'Abd Allah asked Imam (a) for permission to participate in the battle, Imam (a) told him,
- "Go O son of my brother! By God I swear that I expect that you would be among my helpers in the path of truth and help me against oppressors."
At the Time of Imam al-Hasan (a)
Inviting Imam al-Husayn (a)
After Mu'awiya's death and succession of Yazid, when the people of Kufa were informed that Imam al-Husayn (a) had gone out of Medina to Mecca to avoid pledging allegiance to Yazid, wrote letters to him and invited him to Kufa. 'Abd Allah b. Wal and 'Abd Allah b. Misma' al-Hamdani delivered the first letters to Imam (a). They reached Imam (a) in Mecca on Ramadan 10th, 60/June 14, 680.
In the Movement of Tawwabun
Most of the people of Kufa who wrote letter to Imam al-Husayn (a) and promised to help him, did not participate in the Event of Karbala with different reasons. After Imam (a) was martyred, the Shia of Kufa so much regretted for not helping Imam (a) and tried to make up for their dereliction. Thus, distinguished Shia personalities including 'Abd Allah b. Wal gathered and decided to make an uprising and take revenge from the murders of Imam al-Husayn (a).
During arrangements of the uprising, 'Abd Allah was appointed as the treasurer so that donations of Shia for the uprising would be given to him.
After the formation of the army of Tawwabun, Sulayman b. Surad al-Khuza'i who was the leader of the uprising, appointed 'Abd Allah b. Wal as the third commander of war (in case of the martyrdom of preceding commanders).
Tawwabun first went to Karbala and visited the grave of Imam al-Husayn (a). It is reported that beside the grave of Imam (a), 'Abd Allah said:
- "By God I swear, I know Husayn (a), his father (a) and his brother (a) best of intercessors of the people of Muhammad (s) to God on the day of Judgement. Do not you become surprised what a calamity has befallen upon the people regarding them. People killed two of the three (Imam Ali (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a)) and they were close to kill the third (Imam al-Hasan (a))."
In the battle of 'Ayn al-Warda between Tawwabun and the army of Syria led by Ibn Ziyad, after Sulayman b. Surad, Al-Musayyib b. Najaba and 'Abd Allah b. Sa'd b. Nufayl were martyred, 'Abd Allah b. Wal took the command and raised the flag and urged the army to jihad and fight.
'Abd Allah was martyred in the last moments of the battle. Adham b. Muhraz, one of the commanders of the army of Syria, saw 'Abd Allah reciting this verse, "Do not suppose those who were slain in the way of Allah to be dead;" . Adham became angry of hearing this verse and attacked 'Abd Allah and first cut one of his hands and then pierced his spear in 'Abd Allah's body and killed him.
- Jaʿfarī, Tashayyuʿ dar masīr-i tārīkh, p. 262.
- Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 1, p. 168.
- Ibn al-Athīr, al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh, vol. 4, p. 184.
- Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Luhūf, p. 33.
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- Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 555.
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- Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 601-602.
- Qur'an 3:169
- Ibn al-Athīr, al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh, vol. 4, p. 184.
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