Priority: c, Quality: b

Abu Barza al-Aslami

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sahaba
Abu Barza al-Aslami
Personal Information
Full Name Nadla b. 'Abd Allah b. Harith
Teknonym Abu Barza
Place(s) of Residence Medina, Basra
Death/Martyrdom 64/684
Religious Information
Presence at Ghazwas Conquest of Mecca, battles of Uhud, Hunayn, Khaybar
Works Participating in the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan

Naḍla b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥarith (Arabic: نَضلة بن عبداللـه بن حارث, d. 64/684), known as Abū Barza al-Aslamī (Arabic: اَبوبَرْزه اَسْلَمي), was a companion of the Prophet Muhammad (s) and Imam 'Ali (a). He attended numerous ghazwas as well as the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan. He also attended some conquests of the early caliphs. Some people regarded him as being equivalent in significance to Salman al-Farsi, Miqdad b. 'Amr, Abu Dhar al-Ghifari, and 'Ammar b. Yasir. Abu Barza has cited several hadiths from the Prophet (s) and Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a). He was one of the people who objected to Yazid b. Mu'awiya after the martyrdom of Husayn b. 'Ali (a).

Name and Teknonym

Ibn Sa'd[1] has cited Abu Barza's son as referring to him as 'Abd Allah b. Nadla, and Khalifa b. Khayyat[2] has referred to him as Nadla b. 'Abd Allah. However, most sources have agreed over Nadla b. 'Ubayd,[3] although there are other variations of his name as well.[4]

According to Nawawi,[5] he was called Nadla b. Nayyar before the emergence of Islam, and since "Nayyar" meant Satan, the Prophet (s) called him Nadla b. 'Abd Allah.[6] There is no disagreement about his Teknonym, Abu Barza, except for al-Shaykh al-Tusi who referred to him under the companions of the Prophet (s) as Abu Barda,[7] and under the companions of 'Ali (a) as Abu Barza,[8] which seems to be a mistake. It is said that among the companions of the Prophet (s) he was the only person with the teknonym, Abu Barza.[9]

Attending the Prophet's (s) Battles

He attended the Conquest of Mecca,[10] battles of Hunayn, Khaybar[11] and some other ghazwas of the Prophet (s). It is said that he attended 6 or 7[12] or 9 battles.[13] According to his own reports, when the Prophet (s) was injured in the Battle of Uhud, he took care of the Prophet (s), and the Prophet (s) prayed for him after he recovered.[14]

In the Period of Caliphs

  • Battle of Ain Shams:

According to al-Tabari,[15] in 20/640, there was a battle in Ain Shams (a city in Egypt) in which 'Amr b. 'As fought al-Muqawqis. Some Muslims were afraid and exhibited weakness. Then 'Amr, one of the Sahaba who had attended the battle, asked for help. Other Sahaba, including Abu Barza, stepped forward, which led to the victory of Muslims.[16]

  • In the Conquest of Balkh and Istakhr:

In 29/649, Abu Barza was the commander of the right wing of 'Abd Allah b. 'Amir's army which conquered Istakhr, Darabgird, Jur, and Ardishir Khurra.

He was also in the 50,000 Muslim army under the commandership of Rabi' b. Ziyad, conquering Balkh and Qohestan (51/671).[17]

Accompanying Imam 'Ali (a)

Abu Barza was a companion of Imam 'Ali (a).[18] Al-Barqi[19] considered him as equal in significance to Salman, Miqdad, Abu Dhar, and 'Ammar.

He accompanied Imam 'Ali (a) in the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan.[20]

Abu Barza's Transmission of Hadiths from the Infallibles (a)

Abu Barza transmitted hadiths from the Infallibles (a), including the Prophet Muhammad (s). In his al-Musnad, Ahmad b. Hanbal[21] cited 49 hadiths transmitted by Abu Barza. Also Imami scholars of hadiths, such as al-Kulayni,[22] cited Abu Barza's hadiths from Imam al-Hasan (a).[23]

Transmitters of Abu Barza's Hadiths

His son, Mughira, Abu l-Minhal Sayyar b. Salama, Abu l-Wazi', 'Abd Allah b. Mutrif, and Azraq b. Qays were some people who transmitted Abu Barza's hadiths.[24]

Objection to Yazid

When Yazid was hitting Imam al-Husayn's (a) decapitated head with a wooden stick and poured wine in it, Abu Barza al-Aslami objected to him, and so he was dismissed from the meeting by Yazid.[25]

Death

After the Prophet's (s) demise, Abu Barza and his family moved from Medina to Basra and resided there. He eventually died in Merv where he was on a trip for a battle in Khorasan.[26] According to Ibn Habban, he is buried in a desert between Sistan and Herat,[27] and according to al-Hakim, he is buried in Nishapur.[28].[29]

Notes

  1. Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 4, p. 298; vol. 7, p. 366.
  2. Khalīfa b. Khayyāṭ, Kitāb al-ṭabaqāt. vol. 2, p. 829; vol. 1, p. 241.
  3. Bukhārī, Tārīkh al-ṣaghīr, vol. 1, p. 157, 166; Abūzarʿa Dimashqī, Tārīkh, vol. 1, p. 447.
  4. Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 5, p. 146-147; Dhahabī, Tārīkh, vol. 2, p. 238; ʿAbd al-Ghānī. al-Kamāl fī maʿrifat al-rijāl, vol. 1, p. 167.
  5. Nawawī, Tahdhīb al-ʾasmāʾ, vol. 2, p. 180.
  6. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, al-Iṣāba, vol. 6, p. 237.
  7. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 30.
  8. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 60.
  9. Nawawī, Tahdhīb al-ʾasmāʾ, vol. 2, p. 179.
  10. Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 4, p. 298; Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, al-Iṣāba, vol. 6, p. 237.
  11. Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, al-Iṣāba, vol. 6, p. 237; bn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 5, p. 19.
  12. Ibn Ḥanbal, Musnad, vol. 4, p. 423; Bukhārī, Tārīkh al-ṣaghīr, vol. 1, p. 158.
  13. Mizzī, Tuḥfat al-ashrāf, vol. 9, p. 9.
  14. Abū Nuʿaym, Dhikr akhbār Iṣbahān, vol. 2, p. 39.
  15. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī, vol. 4, p. 111.
  16. Ibn Athīr, al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh, vol. 2, p. 565.
  17. Ibn Athīr, al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh, vol. 3, p. 101, 489; Ibn Khaldūn, Tārīkh, vol. 3, p. 30.
  18. Ibn Khaldūn, Tārīkh, vol. 3, p. 30.
  19. Barqī, Kitāb al-Rijāl, p. 3.
  20. Abū Nuʿaym, Dhikr akhbār Iṣbahān, vol. 2, p. 39; Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 5, p. 19.
  21. Ibn Ḥanbal, Musnad, vol. 4, p. 419, 426.
  22. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 6, p. 17.
  23. Khoei, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 21, p. 43.
  24. Ibn Ḥanbal, al-Musnad, vol. 4, p. 419-426.
  25. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 3, p. 416; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī, vol. 5, p. 390; Ibn al-Athīr, Usd al-ghāba, vol. 5, p. 20; Ibn Athīr, al-Kāmil, vol. 4, p. 85.
  26. Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 7, p. 366; Ibn Qutayba, al-Maʿārif, p. 336.
  27. Ibn Ḥabbān, Mashāhīr ʿulamā al-amṣār, p. 38.
  28. Khalīfa Nayshābūrī, Tarjuma wa talkhīṣ-i tārīkh-i Nayshābūr, p. 10.
  29. Ibn Qaysarānī, al-Jamʿ bayn kitābay al-kilābādhī wa al-Iṣabahānī, vol. 2, p. 534; Dhahabī, Siyar aʿlām al-nubalāʾ, vol. 3, p. 43.

References

  • Abūzarʿa Dimashqī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿAmr. Ttārīkh Abūzarʿa Dimashqī. Damascus: 1400 AH-1980.
  • Abū Nuʿaym al-Iṣfahānī, Aḥmad. Dhikr akhbār Iṣbahān . Leiden: 1934.
  • Bukhārī, Muḥammad b. Ismāʿīl al-. Tārīkh al-ṣaghīr. Beirut: 1406 AH/1986.
  • Barqī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Kitāb al-Rijāl. Tehran: 1342 Sh.
  • Balādhurī, Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-. Ansāb al-ashrāf. Cairo: 1959.
  • Dhahabī, Muḥammad b. al-Aḥmad al-. Tārīkh al-Islām wa wafayāt al-mashāhīr wa l-aʿlām. Cairo: 1368 AH.
  • Dhahabī, Muḥammad b. al-Aḥmad al-. Siyar aʿlām al-nubalāʾ. Edited by Shuʿayb al-Arnaʾūt. Beirut: 1405 AH-1985.
  • Ibn al-Athīr al-Jazarī, ʿAlī b. Muḥammad. Usd al-ghāba fī maʿrifat al-ṣaḥāba. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, [n.d].
  • Ibn Athīr, ʿAlī b. Muḥammad. Al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Ibn Ḥabbān, Muḥammad. Mashāhīr ʿulamā al-amṣār. Edited by M. Fleich Hummr. Cairo: 1379 AH/1959.
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Al-Iṣāba fī tamyīz al-ṣaḥāba. Kolkata: 1853.
  • Ibn Khaldūn, ʿAbd l-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad. Tārīkh Ibn Khaldūn. Beirut: 1957.
  • Ibn Ḥanbal, Aḥmad. Al-ʿIlal. Ankara: 1963.
  • Ibn Qutayba al-Dīnawarī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Muslim . Al-Maʿārif. Edited by Tharwat ʿAkkāsha. Cairo: 1388 AH-1969.
  • Ibn Qaysarānī, Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir. Al-Jamʿ bayn kitābay al-kilābādhī wa al-Iṣabahānī. Hyderabad Deccan: 1323 AH.
  • Ibn Hishām, ʿAbd al-Malik. Al-Sīrat al-Nabī. Edited by Muḥammad Muḥyi al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd. Cairo: 1972.
  • Khalīfa b. Khayyāṭ. Kitāb al-ṭabaqāt. Edited by Suhayl Zukār. Damascus: 1967.
  • Khalīfa Nayshābūrī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad. Tarjuma wa talkhīṣ-i tārīkh-i Nayshābūr-i Ḥākim Nayshābūrī. Edited by Bahman Karīmī. Tehran: 1339 Sh.
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Al-Kāfī. Edited by ʿAlī Akbar Ghaffārī. Tehran: 1362 Sh.
  • Khoeī, Abū l-Qāsim. Al-Bayān fī tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Beirut: 1403 AH.
  • Muqaddisī,, ʿAbd al-Ghānī. Al-Kamāl fī maʿrifat al-rijāl. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Mizzī, Yūsuf b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-. Tuḥfat al-ashrāf. Mumbai: 1397 AH.
  • Nawawī, Yaḥya b. Sharaf. Tahdhīb al-ʾasmāʾ wa al-lughāt. Cairo: Idārat al-Ṭibāʿat al-Munīra, [n.d].
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl. Najaf: 1380 AH-1961.
  • Wāqidī, Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-. Al-Maghāzī. Edited by Marsden Jones. Beirut: 1404 AH-1984.