Abu Barza al-Aslami
|Abu Barza al-Aslami|
|Full Name||Nadla b. 'Abd Allah b. Harith|
|Place(s) of Residence||Medina, Basra|
|Presence at Ghazwas||Conquest of Mecca, battles of Uhud, Hunayn, Khaybar|
|Works||Participating in the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan|
Naḍla b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥarith (Arabic: نَضلة بن عبداللـه بن حارث, d. 64/684), known as Abū Barza al-Aslamī (Arabic: اَبوبَرْزه اَسْلَمي), was a companion of the Prophet Muhammad (s) and Imam 'Ali (a). He attended numerous ghazwas as well as the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan. He also attended some conquests of the early caliphs. Some people regarded him as being equivalent in significance to Salman al-Farsi, Miqdad b. 'Amr, Abu Dhar al-Ghifari, and 'Ammar b. Yasir. Abu Barza has cited several hadiths from the Prophet (s) and Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (a). He was one of the people who objected to Yazid b. Mu'awiya after the martyrdom of Husayn b. 'Ali (a).
Name and Teknonym
Ibn Sa'd has cited Abu Barza's son as referring to him as 'Abd Allah b. Nadla, and Khalifa b. Khayyat has referred to him as Nadla b. 'Abd Allah. However, most sources have agreed over Nadla b. 'Ubayd, although there are other variations of his name as well.
According to Nawawi, he was called Nadla b. Nayyar before the emergence of Islam, and since "Nayyar" meant Satan, the Prophet (s) called him Nadla b. 'Abd Allah. There is no disagreement about his Teknonym, Abu Barza, except for al-Shaykh al-Tusi who referred to him under the companions of the Prophet (s) as Abu Barda, and under the companions of 'Ali (a) as Abu Barza, which seems to be a mistake. It is said that among the companions of the Prophet (s) he was the only person with the teknonym, Abu Barza.
Attending the Prophet's (s) Battles
He attended the Conquest of Mecca, battles of Hunayn, Khaybar and some other ghazwas of the Prophet (s). It is said that he attended 6 or 7 or 9 battles. According to his own reports, when the Prophet (s) was injured in the Battle of Uhud, he took care of the Prophet (s), and the Prophet (s) prayed for him after he recovered.
In the Period of Caliphs
- Battle of Ain Shams:
According to al-Tabari, in 20/640, there was a battle in Ain Shams (a city in Egypt) in which 'Amr b. 'As fought al-Muqawqis. Some Muslims were afraid and exhibited weakness. Then 'Amr, one of the Sahaba who had attended the battle, asked for help. Other Sahaba, including Abu Barza, stepped forward, which led to the victory of Muslims.
- In the Conquest of Balkh and Istakhr:
In 29/649, Abu Barza was the commander of the right wing of 'Abd Allah b. 'Amir's army which conquered Istakhr, Darabgird, Jur, and Ardishir Khurra.
Accompanying Imam 'Ali (a)
Abu Barza's Transmission of Hadiths from the Infallibles (a)
Abu Barza transmitted hadiths from the Infallibles (a), including the Prophet Muhammad (s). In his al-Musnad, Ahmad b. Hanbal cited 49 hadiths transmitted by Abu Barza. Also Imami scholars of hadiths, such as al-Kulayni, cited Abu Barza's hadiths from Imam al-Hasan (a).
Transmitters of Abu Barza's Hadiths
His son, Mughira, Abu l-Minhal Sayyar b. Salama, Abu l-Wazi', 'Abd Allah b. Mutrif, and Azraq b. Qays were some people who transmitted Abu Barza's hadiths.
Objection to Yazid
After the Prophet's (s) demise, Abu Barza and his family moved from Medina to Basra and resided there. He eventually died in Merv where he was on a trip for a battle in Khorasan. According to Ibn Habban, he is buried in a desert between Sistan and Herat, and according to al-Hakim, he is buried in Nishapur..
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