Muslim b. Kathir al-Azdi

Priority: c, Quality: b
From wikishia
Companion of Imam (a)
Muslim b. Kathir al-Azdi
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Burial Place of most of the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala, near the holy grave of Imam al-Husayn (a) in Karbala
Companion of Imam Ali (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a)
Epithet Al-A'raj
Religious Affiliation Shi'a
Lineage Azd tribe
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial Place Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala
Activities Participating in the Battle of Jamal and Battle of Karbala, pledging allegiance to Muslim b. 'Aqil,

Muslim b. Kathir Azdi (Arabic:مسلم بن کثير الازدي) (martyrdom 61/680) known as al-A'raj (Arabic:الأعرج, paralyzed) was among the companions of Imam al-Husayn (a) and the martyrs of Karbala. During the Battle of Jamal, he was in the army of Imam Ali (a) and was wounded. In the Battle of Karbala, he wrote a letter to Imam al-Husayn (a) and invited him to Kufa. When Muslim b. 'Aqil entered Kufa, Muslim b. Kathir joined him and after Muslim b. 'Aqil was martyred, Muslim b. Kathir joined the caravan of Imam al-Husayn (a) and on the day of 'Ashura was martyred in the first attack of the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd.

Name and Lineage

Muslim b. Kathir was from the Azd tribe.[1] His name is mentioned in the Ziyarah al-Nahiya al-Muqaddasa (non-famous) as Aslam (Peace be upon Aslam b. Kathir al-Azdi)[2] and in the Ziyarah al-Rajabiyya of Imam al-Husayn (a) as Sulayman (Peace be upon Sulayman b. Kathir)[3] According to some contemporary sources, cited from Kitab al-Isaba, he was son of Kathir b. Qulayb al-Sadafi al-Azdi al-A'raj al-Kufi and met the noble Prophet (s) and participated in the conquest of Egypt.[4] But, according to researches, this information is about his father, Kathir al-A'raj.[5]

It is said that he was from among the Followers[6] and the companions of Imam Ali (a). He participated in the Battle of Jamal when his foot was wounded by 'Amr b. Dabba al-Tamimi and became paralyzed,[7] he was called al-A'raj.[8]

In the Battle of Karbala

Muslim was among those who wrote letter to Imam (a) and invited him to Kufa. In Kufa, he helped Muslim b. 'Aqil and after Muslim b. 'Aqil was left alone, he went out of Kufa.[9] Some believe that he was captured upon entering Karbala and was martyred then.[10] But others say that he joined Imam al-Husayn (a) near Karbala[11] and was martyred in the first attack of the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd.[12]

Notes

  1. Ibn Rasān, Tasmīya man qutila maʿa l-Ḥusayn, p. 30.
  2. Ibn Ṭāwūs, Iqbāl al-aʿmāl, vol. 3, p. 79.
  3. Ibn Ṭāwūs, Iqbāl al-aʿmāl, vol. 3, p. 346.
  4. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 3, p. 215.
  5. Ibn Ḥajar, Al-Iṣāba, vol. 5, p. 475.
  6. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, vol. 1, p. 185.
  7. Maḥallātī, Fursān al-hayjāʾ, vol. 1, p. 36.
  8. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, vol. 1, p. 185.
  9. Madīnat al-Ḥusayn, vol. 1, p. 60.
  10. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, vol. 1, p. 165.
  11. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, vol. 1, p. 185.
  12. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 3, p. 260.

References

  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Iqbāl al-aʿmāl. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī. Qom: Daftar-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī, 1376 Sh.
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllāma, [n.d].
  • Ibn Rasān, Fuḍayl. Tasmīya man qutila maʿa l-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī (a). Edited by Muḥammad Riḍā Ḥusaynī Jalālī. Qom: Muʾassisa Āl al-Bayt li Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, 1406 AH.
  • Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī. Al-Iṣāba fī tamyīz al-ṣaḥāba. Edited by ʿĀdil Aḥmad ʿAbd al-Mawjūd. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmīyya, [n.d].
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Najaf: Lithography, 1349-1352 Sh.
  • Maḥallātī, Ḍhabīḥ Allāh. Fursān al-hayjāʾ. Edited by Ḥāmid Fadawī Ardistānī. Tehran: Nashr-i Murtaḍawī, 1389 Sh.
  • Muqarram, ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-. Maqtal al-Ḥusayn. Beirut: Muʾassisa al-Khursān li-l-Maṭbūʿāt wa Nashr, [n.d].
  • Samāwī, Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-. Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a). Qom: Dānishgāh-i Shahīd Maḥallātī, 1419 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl. Edited by Qayyūmī. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1373 Sh.