Salim b. Amr b. Abd Allah

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Companion of Imam (a)
Salim b. Amr b. Abd Allah
آرامگاه شهدای کربلا2.jpg
The burial place of the martyrs of Karbala in the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Full Name Salim b. 'Amr b. Abd Allah Banu l-Madina al-Kalbi
Companion of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Religious Affiliation Shi'a
Lineage Banu l-Madina al-Kalbi
Martyrdom 61/681
Cause of Martyrdom Event of Karbala
Burial Place Karbala
Activities He accompanied Muslim b. 'Aqil in his uprising.

Sālim b. ʿAmr b. ʿAbd Allāh (Arabic: سالِم بن عَمْرو بن عَبْدالله) was one of the martyrs of Karbala. He participated in Muslim b. 'Aqil's uprising, and joined Imam al-Husayn (a) after Muslim's martyrdom. He was martyred on the Day of Ashura.

Companionship of Muslim b. 'Aqil

Salim b. 'Amr b. 'Abd Allah was a servant of the clan of Banu l-Madina al-Kalbi, and was a Shi'a in Kufa.[1] He accompanied Muslim b. 'Aqil in his uprising, and after Muslim's martyrdom, he was arrested by Kathir b. Shahab. He escaped 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad's prison after a while and hid in his own tribe.[2]

Joining Imam al-Husayn (a)

When Imam al-Husayn (a) arrived in Karbala, he was joined by Salim and some people from Banu Kalb. He was martyred on the Day of Ashura.[3] In the book, Ibsar al-'ayn, Ibn Shahrashub is quoted as saying that Salim was martyred within the first attack on the Day of Ashura.[4] However, he is not listed among the first martyrs in extant versions of Ibn Shahrashub's Manaqib.[5]

Skeptical Considerations

Salim is not mentioned as a martyr of Karbala in early Shiite sources of history and rijal.[6] However, he is mentioned as a martyr of Karbala in Ziyara al-Shuhada as cited in books of hadiths, such as Iqbal al-a'mal and Bihar al-anwar: "peace be upon Salim the servant of Banu l-Madina Kalbi".[7]

However, he is not mentioned in the version of Ziyarat al-Shuhada cited in al-Shaykh al-Mufid's al-Mazar as well as Ibn Mashhadi's Al-Mazar. Muhammad Taqi Shushtari has cast doubts over the existence of such a person.[8]

Notes

  1. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 2, p. 5.
  2. Ḥāʾirī Shīrāzī, Dhakhīrat al-dārayn, p. 431.
  3. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 2, p. 5; Shūshtarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 4, p. 612; Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, p. 159-160.
  4. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, p. 160.
  5. See: Ibn Shahrāshūb, al-Manāqib, vol. 4, p. 113.
  6. Shūshtarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 4, p. 613.
  7. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 72.
  8. Shūshtarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 4, p. 613.

References

  • Ḥāʾirī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAbd al-Majīd. Dhakhīrat al-dārayn fīmā yataʿalaq bi maṣā'ib al-Ḥusayn (a) wa asḥābih. Edited by Muḥammad Bāqir Duryāb. Qom: Zamzam-i Hidāyat, [n.d].
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllāma, 1379 Sh.
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Najaf: lithography, 1349-1352 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. 2nd edition. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1403 AH.
  • Samāwī, Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-. Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a). Edited by Muḥammad Jaʿfar Ṭabasī. Qom: Zamzam-i Hidāyat, 1384 Sh.
  • Shūshtarī, Muḥammad Taqī. Qāmūs al-rijāl. 2nd edition. Qom: Muʾassisa-yi Nashr-i Islāmī, 1419 AH