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Sa'd b. Hanzala al-Tamimi

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Companion of Imam (a)
Sa'd b. Hanzala al-Tamimi
آرامگاه شهدای کربلا2.jpg
Companion of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Death/Martyrdom Muharram 10, 61/October 13, 680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial Place Karbala
Activities In the battle, he killed and wounded many enemies of Imam al-Husayn (a)

Saʿd b. Ḥanẓala al-Tamīmī was among great people in the army of Imam al-Husayn (a) who was martyred on the Day of Ashura in the desert of Karbala (in 61/680).

Name

Ibn Shahrashub in al-Manaqib and 'Allama al-Majlisi in Bihar al-anwar have mentioned his name among the martyrs of Karbala,[1] but Tustari believed that his correct name was Hanzala b. As'ad al-Shibami which has been openly mentioned in 'Auyun akhbar al-Rida (a)[2] and this mistake has been made due to replacement the name of the son with the name of the father and also distortion of 'As'ad to Sa'd.[3]

In Karbala

Sa'd was among great personalities in the army of Imam al-Husayn (a). On the Day of Ashura when the battle had become intense, he went to Imam (a) and asked him for permission to go to the battlefield. After receiving permission and farewell to Imam (a), he went to the battlefield.

Martyrdom

According to historical reports, his fight was before noon on the Day of Ashura. In al-Manaqib, Ibn Shahrashub wrote,

"He went to the battlefield after Khalid b. 'Amr al-Azdi and before 'Umayr b. 'Abd Allah al-Madhhiji and after a brave fight, killed and wounded many soldiers and was martyred in the desert of Karbala in defense of the family of Imam Ali (a)."[4]

Notes

  1. Ibn Shahrāshūb, al-Manāqib, vol. 4, p. 110; Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 18.
  2. Ṣadūq, ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā, vol. 2, chapter 56, hadith 5.
  3. Shūshtarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 4, p. 76-77; vol. 5, p. 31.
  4. Ibn Shahrāshūb, al-Manāqib, vol. 4, p. 110; Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 18; Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 222; Qummī, Nafas al-mahmūm, p. 260-261.

References

  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Tʿāruf li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1421 AH.
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllāma, 1379 Sh.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Beirut: Muʾassisa al-Wafaʾ, 1403 AH.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Nafas al-mahmūm fī muṣībat sayyidinā al-Ḥusayn al-mazlūm. Qom: al-Maktaba al-Ḥaydarīyya, 1421 AH.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Tarjuma-yi Nafas al-mahmūm (Dar Karbalā chi guzasht?). Translated by Kamara'ī. Qom: Intishārāt-i Masjid Jamkarān, 1381 Sh.
  • Shūshtarī, Muḥammad Taqī. Qāmūs al-rijāl. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1414 AH.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā. [n.p], [n.d].