Qāsim b. Ḥabīb al-Azdī (Arabic: قاسم بن حبيب الأزدي) is one of the martyrs of Karbala. In his book al-Rijal, al-Shaykh al-Tusi attests that Qasim ibn Habib al-Azdi was a companion of Imam al-Husayn (a).[1] Muhammad al-Samawi, in his book Ibsar al-'ayn, introduces Qasim as one of the Shi'a warriors from Kufa.[2] Al-Samawi notes that Qasim embarked towards Karbala with Umar b. Sa'd but subsequently joined Imam Husayn (a) army upon arrival and remained by his side until he met martyrdom during the initial assault on the Day of Ashura.[3]

Qasim b. Habib al-Azdi
Burial Place of most of the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala
Burial Place of most of the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala
Companion ofImam al-Husayn (a)
Martyrdom61/680
Cause of MartyrdomMartyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceHoly Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala

Qasim's allegiance to Imam Husayn (a) is believed to have taken place on the fifth or sixth of Muharram.[4] It is noteworthy that Qasim's age at the time of martyrdom is reported as forty years.[5] He is greeted in the Ziyara al-Shuhada'[6] and Ziyara al-Rajabiyya[7] for Imam al-Husayn (a) with this phrase:

"Peace be upon Qasim b. Habib al-Azdi."

Qasim was a member of the Azd tribe.[8] The Ziyara al-Rajabiyya[9] refers to a person by the name of Qasim b. Harith al-Kahili, who is believed to be the same individual as Qasim b. Habib.[10] Additionally, the Tasmiya man qutil ma'a l-Husayn (written in the second/eighth century) mentions Qasim b. Bushr as one of the martyrs of Karbala,[11] who is said to be identical to Qasim b. Habib.[12] Qasim b. Bashir is another name by which he is referred to.[13]


Notes

  1. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 104.
  2. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a), p. 161.
  3. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a), p. 161.
  4. Sangarī, Āʾīna dārān-i āftāb, vol. 1, p. 418.
  5. Sangarī, Āʾīna dārān-i āftāb, vol. 1, p. 418.
  6. Ibn al-Mashhadī, al-Mazār al-kabīr, p. 494; Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Iqbāl bi-l-aʿmāl, vol. 3, p. 79.
  7. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Iqbāl bi-l-aʿmāl, vol. 3, p. 346.
  8. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a), p. 161.
  9. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Iqbāl bi-l-aʿmāl, vol. 3, p. 345.
  10. Shams al-Dīn, Anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a), p. 121; Sangarī, Āʾīna dārān-i āftāb, vol. 1, p. 418.
  11. Kūfī Asadī, Tasmīya man qutila maʿa l-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī (a), p. 156.
  12. Group of authors, Pazhūhishī pīrāmūn-i shuhadā-yi Karbalā, p. 310-311.
  13. Sangarī, Āʾīna dārān-i āftāb, vol. 1, p. 418.

References

  • Group of authors. Pazhūhishī pīrāmūn-i shuhadā-yi Karbalā. 2nd edition. Qom: Zamzam-i Hidāyat, 1385 Sh.
  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Al-Iqbāl bi-l-aʿmāl al-ḥasana. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī Iṣfahānī. 1st edition. Qom: Daftar-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī, 1376 Sh.
  • Ibn al-Mashhadī, Muḥammad. Al-Mazār al-kabīr. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī al-Iṣfahānī. 1st edition. Qom: Daftar-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī, 1419 AH.
  • Kūfī Asadī, Fuḍayl. Tasmīya man qutila maʿa l-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī (a). Edited by Muḥammad Riḍā Ḥusaynī Jalālī. Qom: Muʾassisa Āl al-Bayt, 1406 AH.
  • Samāwī, Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-. Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a). Edited by Muḥammad Jaʿfar Ṭabasī. Qom: Zamzam-i Hidāyat, 1384 Sh.
  • Shams al-Dīn, Muḥammad Mahdī. Anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a). Qom: Dār al-Kitāb al-Islāmī, 1429 AH.
  • Sangarī, Muḥammad Riḍā. Āʾīna dārān-i āftāb; Pazhūhish wa nigārish-i nu az zindigī wa shahādat-i yārān-i ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥusayn (a). 4th edition. Tehran: Sāzmān-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī, 1390 Sh.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī Iṣfahānī. 3rd edition. Qom: Daftar-i Nashr-i Islāmī, 1373 Sh.