Sa'd b. Harith al-Khuza'i

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Companion of Imam (a)
Sa'd b. Harith al-Khuza'i
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Burial Place of most of the martyrs of Karbala, near the holy grave of Imam al-Husayn (a) in Karbala
Full Name Sa'd b. Harith al-Khuza'i
Companion of Imam Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a), Imam al-Husayn (a)
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the event of Ashura
Burial Place Inside the holy shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala
Activities The commander of Shurtat al-Khamis in Kufa, the governor of Azerbaijan, participating in the Event of Ashura

Saʿd b. Hārith al-Khuzāʿī (Arabic:سَعد بن حارِث الخُزاعي) (martyred 61/680) was among the martyrs of Karbala, agents of Imam Ali (a), the companion of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a) who was martyred in the first attack in the Battle of Karbala.

The Time of Imam Ali (a)

Sa'd b. Harith was a servant of Ali b. Abi Talib (a),[1] the governor of Azerbaijan for a while and the commander of Shurtat al-Khamis in Kufa.[2] It is not known when Sa'd had this position, but it can be inferred from historical books that he, like Qanbar, has been among the companions of Imam (a) and Imam (a) appointed him to different positions; for example, he (a) appointed Sa'd as the inspector to the region under the control of Ziyad b. Abih where he had argument with Ziyad. Also, in the event of the betrayal of Yazid b. Hujayya, the agent of Rey, Imam Ali (a) imprisoned Yazid and appointed Sa'd to guard him.[3]

Companion of Imam Ali's (a) Sons

After the martyrdom of Imam Ali (a) in 40/661, Sa'd was one of the companions of Imam al-Hasan (a) and after him a companion of Imam al-Husayn (a) who accompanied him from Medina to Mecca and then to Karbala. According to historical reports, he showed great gallantry on the Day of Ashura.[4] Samawi wrote that in al-Manaqib, Ibn Shahr Ashub has mentioned the name of Sa'd in the list of the martyrs of the first attack.[5]

Being a Companion of the Prophet (s)

About Sa'd, it has been mentioned that he was among the companions of the Prophet (s), but it does not seem that this attribution is correct, since his name has not been mentioned in any sources.[6]

Al-Tustari has cast doubts about him being from Khuza'a tribe and freed by Imam Ali (a).[7]

Notes

  1. Ibn al-Athīr, al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh, vol. 3, p. 288; Ḥāʾirī Shīrāzī, Dhakhīrat al-dārayn, p. 476; Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 221; Tustarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 5, p. 27.
  2. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 2, p. 12; Ḥāʾirī Shīrāzī, Dhakhīrat al-dārayn, p. 476; Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 221; Tustarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 5, p. 27.
  3. Ibn al-Athīr, al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh, vol. 3, p. 288; Ibn Abī l-Ḥadīd, Jilwa-yi tārīkh dar sharḥ Nahj al-balāgha, vol. 2, p. 251-252.
  4. Ḥāʾirī Shīrāzī, Dhakhīrat al-dārayn, p. 476; Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl, vol. 2, p. 12; Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 221.
  5. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a), p. 96-97.
  6. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 7, p. 221; Tustarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 5, p. 27-28.
  7. Tustarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 5, p. 27-28.

References

  • Amīn, al-Sayyid Muḥsin al-.Aʿyān al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Taʿāruf, 1421 AH.
  • Ḥāʾirī Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿAbd al-Majīd. Dhakhīrat al-dārayn fīmā yataʿalaq bi maṣā'ib al-Ḥusayn (a) wa asḥābih. Edited by Muḥammad Bāqir Duryāb. Qom: Zamzam-i Hidāyat, [n.d].
  • Ibn Abī l-Ḥadīd, ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd b. Hibat Allāh. Jilwa-yi tārīkh dar sharḥ Nahj al-balagha. Translated to Farsi by Maḥmūd Mahdawī Dāmghānī. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Ney, 1367, 1379 Sh.
  • Ibn al-Athīr al-Jazarī, ʿAlī b. Abī l-Karam. Al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh. Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, 1385 AH-1965.
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Najaf: Maṭbaʿat al-Murtaḍawiyya, [n.d].
  • Samāwī, Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-. Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a). Edited by Muḥammad Jaʿfar Ṭabasī. [n.p]. Markaz al-Dirāsāt al-Islāmiyya li Ḥars al-Thawra, 1419 AH.
  • Tustarī, Muḥammad Taqī. Qāmūs al-rijāl. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1414 AH.