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Umara b. Salkhab

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Companion of Imam (a)
Umara b. Salkhab
Full Name 'Umara b. Salkhab al-Azdi
Companion of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Lineage Azd tribe
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Death/Martyrdom 60/679 or 61/680
Activities He supported Muslim b. 'Aqil in Kufa

ʿUmāra b. Ṣalkhab al-Azdī (Arabic: عمارة بن صَلْخَب الأزدی, martyred in 60/679 or 61/680) was a Shi'a in Kufa who was martyred by 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad because of his support for Muslim b. 'Aqil.

Support for Muslim b. 'Aqil

According to Tarikh al-Tabari, when Muslim b. 'Aqil went to Kufa, 'Umara b. Salkhab went there to support him. He put on his armed clothes and was going to Muslim when he was arrested by Muhammad b. Ash'ath,[1] the commander of 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad's army against Muslim, and was taken to 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad. 'Ubayd Allah ordered that he be imprisoned.[2]

According to some sources, when people in Muslim's army were scattered away, some revolutionaries were arrested at the command of Ibn Ziyad, including 'Umara b. Salkhab along with such well-known figures as 'Abd Allah b. Nufal b. Harith, al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi, Asbagh b. Nubata, and Harith b. A'war al-Hamdani.[3]

Martyrdom

After killing Muslim b. 'Aqil, Ibn Ziyad ordered that 'Umara b. Salkhab be decapitated in front of people from his tribe, Azd, because of his support for Muslim b. 'Aqil.[4] After that, 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad sent 'Umara's head, together with the heads of Muslim b. 'Aqil and Hani b. 'Urwa, to Yazid b. Mu'awiya in Damascus.[5]

Notes

  1. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-tabarī, vol. 5, p. 370.
  2. ʿAṭārudī, Musnad al-Imām al-Shahīd, vol. 1, p. 401.
  3. Qarashī, Ḥayāt al-Imām al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 389.
  4. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-tabarī, vol. 5, p. 379.
  5. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 2, p. 85.

References

  • ʿAṭārudī, ʿAzīz Allāh. Musnad al-Imām al-Shahīd. 1st edition. Tehran: Nashr-i ʿAṭārud, 1376 AH.
  • Balādhurī, Aḥmad b.Yaḥyā al-. Ansāb al-ashrāf. Edied by Suhayl Zakkar and Rīyāḍ Ziriklī. Beirut: Dār al-fikr, 1417 AH, 1996.
  • Muḥaddithī, Javād. Mawsūʿa Āshūrā. Beirut: Nashr-i Dār al-Rasūl al-Akram (s). [n.p], 1418 AH.
  • Qarashī, Bāqir Sharīf al-. Ḥayāt al-Imām al-Ḥusayn. 4th edition. Qom: Nashr-i Madrisa Irawānī, 1413 AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī. Edited by Muḥammad Abu l-faḍl Ibrāhīm. Beirut: Dar al-Turāth, 1387 AH.