Khalaf b. Muslim b. 'Awsaja

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Companion of Imam (a)
Khalaf b. Muslim b. 'Awsaja
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Companion of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Religious Affiliation Shi'a
Lineage Banu Asad
Wellknown Relatives Muslim b. 'Awsaja (father)
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial Place Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a), Karbala
Activities Attending the Battle of Karbala

Khalaf b. Muslim b. ʿAwsaja (Arabic: خَلَف بن مُسْلِمِ بنِ عَوْسَجه) was a teenager who was martyred in the Battle of Karbala. On the Day of 'Ashura after his father was martyred, his mother encouraged him to fight on the battlefield. He did so and was martyred.

Name and Lineage

Some sources have mentioned him as Muslim b. 'Awsaja's son, without mentioning his name.[1] But some contemporary scholars have referred to him as "Khalaf"[2] and others as "'Abd Allah."[3] Shaykh 'Abbas Qummi wrote about the martyred teenager who witnessed the martyrdom of his father in Karbala,[4] but whose name is not mentioned in sources that "he was probably Muslim b. 'Awsaja's son."[5]

Event of Karbala

According to historical sources, Khalaf, Muslim b. 'Awsaja's son was 12 years old on the Day of 'Ashura.[6] When his father was martyred, he decided to fight the enemy, but Imam al-Husayn (a) did not allow him to go to the battlefield. His mother encouraged him nonetheless and told him: "O son! I would never be happy if you do not go to war." After this, Khalaf went to the battlefield and fought there, hearing his mother giving him glad tidings that he would be saturated with water by the Saqi al-Kawthar. He reportedly killed 20 or, on some accounts, 30 people[7] and was finally martyred. His head was thrown to his mother. She looked at the decapitated head of her son and praised it.[8]

See Also

Notes

  1. Wāʿiẓ Kāshifī, Rawḍat al-Shuhadā, vol. 1, p. 297.
  2. Wāʿiẓ Kāshifī, Rawḍat al-Shuhadā, vol. 1, p. 297.
  3. Wāʿiẓ Khīyābānī, ʿUlamā Muʿāṣirīn, vol. 1, p. 269.
  4. Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 25.
  5. Qummī, Nafas al-mahmūm, vol. 1, p. 266.
  6. Maʿṣūm Qazwīnī, Rīyaḍ al-shahāda, vol. 2, p. 140.
  7. Sepihr, Nāsikh al-tawārīkh, vol. 2, p. 277.
  8. Wāʿiẓ Kāshifī, Rawḍat al-Shuhadā, vol. 1, p. 297.

References

  • Wāʿiẓ Kāshifī, Ḥusayn. Rawḍat al-Shuhadā. Edited by Ḥasan Dhulfaqārī and ʿAlī Tasmīʿī, Nashr-i Muʿīn, 1433 AH.
  • Wāʿiẓ Khīyābānī Tabrīzī, Mullā ʿAlī. ʿUlamā Muʿāṣirīn. Nashr-i Islāmīyya, 1366 AH. [n.p].
  • Khwārizmī, Muḥammad b. Aḥmad. Maqtal al-Ḥusayn. Qom: Anwār al-Hudā, 1423 AH.
  • Qummī, Shaykh ʿAbbās. Nafas al-mahmūm. Nashr-i Dhawi l-Qurbā, 1379 Sh. [n.p].
  • Maʿṣūm Qazwīnī, Muḥammad Ḥasan. Rīyaḍ al-shahāda wa kunūz al-saʿāda. Mumbai: 1274 AH.
  • Sepihr, Muḥammad Taqī. Nāsikh al-tawārīkh. Tehran: Asāṭīr, 1380 Sh.