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Abd al-Rahman b. Aqil

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Companion of Imam (a)
Abd al-Rahman b. Aqil
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Burial Place of most of the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala, near the holy grave of Imam al-Husayn (a) in his shrine
Full Name 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Aqil b. Abi Talib
Companion of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Lineage Banu Hashim
Wellknown Relatives Imam al-Husayn (a) (cousin), 'Aqil b. Abi Talib (father), Muslim b. 'Aqil (brother), Imam al-Hasan (a) (cousin), Imam 'Ali (a) (uncle)
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Battle of Karbala
Burial Place Karbala
Activities Participating in the event of Ashura

ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿAqīl b. Abī Ṭālib (Arabic:عبدالرحمان بن عقیل بن ابي‌طالب) was a companion of Imam al-Husayn (a) and was martyred in Karbala on 'Ashura'. 'Abd al-Rahman was the son-in-law of Imam 'Ali (a) like Muslim b. 'Aqil and Ja'far b. 'Aqil[1]. His wife was called Khadija[2]. It has been reported that he was 35 when he was martyred.[3]

Lineage, Birth and Martyrdom

'Abd al-Rahman was the son of 'Aqil b. Abi Talib and according to a report from al-Tabari his mother was a slave woman.[4]

'Abd al-Rahman was the son-in-law of Imam 'Ali (a) like Muslim b. 'Aqil and Ja'far b. 'Aqil.[5]. His wife was called Khadija[6]. He was so tall that Lubab al-ansab narrated he was nicknamed as "the spear of 'Aqil family"[7].

There is very little information available about his birth and age. The author of Lubab al-ansab reported that he was 35 when he was martyred.[8]

Presence in Karbala

'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Aqil b. Abi Talib was a companion of Imam al-Husayn (a) and was martyred in Karbala on 'Ashura'[9]. al-Tabari narrated that he was martyred by 'Uthman b. Asir al-Juhani.[10] In another part of Tarikh al-umam wa l-muluk, Al-Tabari reported that 'Abd al-Rahman was attacked and martyred by 'Uthman b. Khalid b. Asir al-Juhani and Bishr b. Sawt al-Hamadani al-Qabidi[11].

al-Shaykh al-Mufid reported in al-Irshad that he was attacked and martyred by 'Uthman b. Khalid al-Hamdani.[12]

Also, the author of Akhbar al-tiwal narrated that 'Abd al-Rahman b. 'Aqil was attacked and martyred by an arrow shot by 'Abd Allah b. 'Urwa al-Khath'ami.[13]

His Fight and Rajaz

According to Ibn Shahr Ashub in his book al-Manaqib, 'Abd al-Rahman entered the battlefield while he was reciting this rajaz[14]:

My father is 'Aqil, so know my position.

I am from Hashim and Banu Hashim are my brothers.

They are honest people and masters of others. This is al-Husayn, steadfast and with solid beliefs.

He is the leader of the elderly and the young.

After that he killed 17 soldiers, he was martyred by 'Uthman b. Khalid al-Juhani.

Al-Ziyarah al-Nahiya and al-Ziyarah al-Rajabiyya

His name is mentioned in Ziyarah al-Nahiya al-Muqaddasa and al-Ziyarah al-Rajabiyya and his killer and 'Umar b. Khalid b. Asad al-Juhani]] –who shot 'Abd al-Rahman with an arrow- are cursed.[15]

Notes

  1. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 125.
  2. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 2, p. 328.
  3. Bayhaqī, Lubāb al-ansāb, vol. 1, p. 401.
  4. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī, vol. 5, p. 469.
  5. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 125.
  6. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 2, p. 328.
  7. Bayhaqī, Lubāb al-ansāb, vol .1, p. 260.
  8. Bayhaqī, Lubāb al-ansāb, vol. 1, p. 401.
  9. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 125.
  10. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī, vol. 5, p. 469.
  11. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī, vol. 5, p. 447.
  12. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 170.
  13. Dīnawarī, al-Akhbār al-ṭiwāl, p. 257.
  14. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol .4, p. 105.
  15. Muḥammadī Riyshahrī, Dānishnāmah-yi Imām Ḥusayn (a), p. 170-1.

References

  • Balādhurī, Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-. Ansāb al-ashrāf. Edited by Muḥammad Bāqir Maḥmūdī. Beirut: Dār al-Tʿāruf, 1977.
  • Bayhaqī, ʿAlī b. Ẓayd al-. Lubāb al-ansāb wa l-alqāb wa l-aʿqāb. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Dīnawarī, Aḥmad b. Dāwūd al-. al-Akhbār al-ṭiwāl. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Ibn Shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllāma, 1379 AH.
  • Muḥammadī Riyshahrī, Muḥammad. Dānishnāmah-yi Imām Ḥusayn (a). 2nd edition. Qom: Dār al-Ḥadīth, 1388 Sh.
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Irshād fī maʿrifat ḥujaj Allāh ʿalā l-ʿibād. Qom: Kungira-yi Shaykh al-Mufīd, 1413 AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī. Edited by Muḥammad Abu l-faḍl Ibrāhīm. Beirut: Dar al-Turāth, 1967.

See also