Ashura Encyclopedia (book)

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'Ashura Encyclopedia
Ashura Encyclopedia
Author Shaykh Jawad Muhaddithy
Original title فرهنگ عاشورا
Language Persian
Series 1 vol.
Subject Event of 'Ashura
Publisher Ma'roof publication
Pages 544
Awards The fourth Wilayah book, 2002-3
English translation
En. title Ashura Encyclopedia
En. publisher CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
En. full text

ʿAshura Encyclopedia (Persian: فرهنگ عاشورا) is an encyclopaedia on 'Ashura written by Jawad Muhaddithy. This book (Farsi edition) received the fourth Wilayah book of the year title in 2002-3 and is a collection of subjects related to Ashura focusing on people, groups, places, books, terminology, traditions, rituals, written teachings and other related aspects. These titles are arranged in an alphabetical order.


Jawad Muhaddithy was born in Sarab, eastern Azerbaijan province in 1331 Sh/1952-3. His main teachers were martyrs Quddusi, Muffattih and Shahabadi and the Grand scholars: Mishkini, Wahid Khurasani, Shubayri Zanjani, Jannati. He has compiled several books on religious topics such as the forty Lamentation tranditions, Prophetic ethics, and the visage of Shiite belief.[1]


This book was rewarded as the best Wilayah book of the year along with 14 other works.[2]

Publication Information

'Ashura Encyclopaedia was compiled in 1995-6 by Jawad Muhaddithy and published for the first time by “Ma'roof publication” in Qom. The 17th edition was published by the same publication in 2014-5. This book has 544 pages.

Selected content of this book in 54 pages is translated into English.

Aim of Compilation

The author states that his aim of authoring this book was compiling a convenient accessible purposeful book that carried the necessary knowledge regarding the everlasting movement of Ashura in the era of event and today.[3]


The list of all subjects has been printed at the end of the book and is as follows:


This chapter lists the names and epithets of those present in Karbala or related to 'Ashura. It includes 292 sub chapters that introduce those figures present in Karbala such as Imam al-Husayn (a), 'Abbas (a), Imam al-Sajjad (a), Lady Zaynab (a), Habib b. Muzahir and Zuhayr b. Qayn as well as Yazid b. Mu'awiya, 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad, 'Umar b. Sa'd, Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan, Khawli and Harmala. The author has also introduced figures such as Mu'awiya, Mukhtar al-Thaqafi, Hani b. 'Urwa, Farazdaq and Muhammad b. Hanafiyya, who were not present in Karbala but related to 'Ashura. .[4]

Subjects and Concepts

This chapter has listed several concepts and subjects of Ashura. There are 146 topics in this chapter that discuss subjects such as the consequences of Ashura, The literature of Ashura, Ashura distortions, The secret to the eternity of Ashura, Ashura and al-Amr bi l-Ma'ruf, traditional mourning, the stages of 'Ashura movement, Movement or riot? And other concepts as such, captivity, self-denial, weeping, jihad, bravery, patience, chivalry, sacrifice, mourning and loyalty have been discussed.[5]

Locations and Cities

This part lists the cities, locations and places related to Ashura. There are 95 topics that talk about places such as the Husayniyya, Damascus, Iraq, Euphrates, Karbala, The Sacrifice Pit, 'Alqama river and Nineveh are amongst the important locations the author has described in this book.[6]

Tools and Instruments

This part is a list of 31 tools and instruments related to 'Ashura. Topics such as Bayad, flag, three blade arrow, The Bamboo, the Cymbal, Drum, The chains and shackles, camel litter and the leather water canteen are among the 'Ashura related tools described in this book.[7]


This part lists the Ashura related events. There are 36 headings such as putting the tents on fire, Tasu'a, Mukhtar's Uprising, the Eve of 'Ashura, 'Ashura and the Battle of Harra.[8]

Objects and Phenomena

This part talks about 35 objects related to Ashura. The book lists headings such as Water, straw mat, the thorn spines, the Ziziphus tree, The hero of Karbala, the club and the cane.[9]


This part of the book carries an index of Ashura-related terminology that includes interpretation, traditions, and verses famous as proverbs. The total is 79 that includes terms such as Consent for the battlefield, Husayn is from me and I am from Husayn, crying blood, the ten days of Ashura, the Hexagonal grave, The Karbala'iyan, lamentators, the writers of Maqtal wolrks, The author of tragedy, the mediators, and the person who reads on the tragedy of Karbala and O Revengers of Husayn. [10]


This part of the book lists all the books that have been used as reference in this book. These books are such as Adab al-taff, Husayn warith-i Adam, al-Luhuf and Nafas al-mahmum.[11]


The special and real or allegorical and fictitious groups and tribes are put in this section. It includes 33 topics such as Captives of the Prophet's Household, Banu Umayya, the lamentation groups, the Husayni tribes, the Kufis, seventy-two people.[12]


  1. [1] Jawad Muhaddithy page in Adishvaran website
  2. JameJam online
  3. Muhaddithy, the encyclopaedia of Ashura, page 18
  4. Muhaddithy, The Encyclopaedia of Ashura, page 522-525
  5. Muhaddithy, The Encyclopaedia of Ashura, page 526-527
  6. Muhaddithy, The Encyclopaedia of Ashura, page 528-529
  7. Muhaddithy, The Encyclopaedia of Ashura, page 530
  8. Muhaddithy, The Encyclopaedia of Ashura, page 531
  9. Muhaddithy, The Encyclopaedia of Ashura, page 532
  10. Muhaddithy, The Encyclopaedia of Ashura, page 533 and 534
  11. Muhaddithy, The Encyclopaedia of Ashura, page 535
  12. Muhaddithy, The Encyclopaedia of Ashura, page 536


  • Muhaditthy, Jawad, The Encyclopaedia of Ashura, Qum, Maruf publications, Thirteenth edition, 2010.
  • The website of Jawad Muhaditthy in Andishwaran website [2]
  • Jamejam online [3]