Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali

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Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali
Darih of Imam al-Husayn & the grave of martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Full NameShabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali al-Basri
Companion ofImam Ali (a), Imam al-Hasan (a), Imam al-Husayn (a)
LineageBanu Taym
Death/Martyrdom61/680, Karbala
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceThe Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a)
ActivitiesAttending the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan

Shabīb b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Nahshalī (Arabic:شَبيب بن عَبدُ الله النَّهشَلي) was among the Tabi'un and the companions of Imam Ali (a) and participated in the battles of Jamal, Siffin, and Nahrawan. After Imam Ali (a) was martyred, he was among the companions of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a).

Name and Lineage

Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali al-Basri was considered from Banu Nahshal, a branch of Banu Taym.

In some contemporary books in Persian, he is introduced as the slave of Harith b. Sari' al-Hamadani who went to Karbala together with Sayf b. Harith and Malik b. 'Abd Allah b. Sari'.[1] But, this is incompatible with the reports which suggest that he was with Imam (a) from Medina. However, Mamaqani believed that he was someone other than Shabib b. 'Abd Allah Harith b. Sari' al-Kufi.[2]

Muhammad Mahdi Shams al-Din has mentioned that Habib b. 'Abd Allah was one of the Martyrs of Karbala[3] and also mentioned this probability that Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali would be the one who has also been referred to as Habib b. 'Abd Allah[4] or Abu 'Amr al-Nahshali[5].

At the Time of Imam Ali (a)

Shabib was among the Followers of the Prophet (s) and the companions of Imam Ali (a) and participated in the battles of Jamal, Siffin and Nahrawan. After Imam Ali (a) was martyred, he was among the companions of Imam al-Hasan (a) and stayed with him.[6] At the time of Imam al-Husayn (a), he was among his companions.[7]

In the Event of Karbala

When Imam al-Husayn (a) first went from Medina to Mecca and then moved toward Karbala, Shabib was with Imam (a). On the Day of 'Ashura, Shabib was martyred in the enemy's first attack while fighting with them.[8]

In the Ziyara al-Shuhada, he has been mentioned as, "Peace be upon Shabib b. 'Abd Allah al-Nahshali."[9]

Notes

  1. Zargarī Nijād, Nahḍat-i Imām Ḥusayn (a) wa qiyām-i Karbalā, p. 335.
  2. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 2, p. 81.
  3. Shams al-Dīn, Anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a), p. 78.
  4. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Iqbāl bi-l-aʿmāl al-ḥasana, vol. 3, p. 346.
  5. Ibn Nimā al-Ḥillī, Muthīr al-aḥzān, vol. 1, p. 42.
  6. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 2, p. 81.
  7. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, vol. 1, p. 101.
  8. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 2, p. 81.
  9. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 71.

References

  • Fuḍayl b. Zubayr Rasān. Tasmīya man qutila maʿa l-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī (a). Qom: Āl al-Bayt, 1406 AH.
  • Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Al-Iqbāl bi-l-aʿmāl al-ḥasana. Edited by Muḥammad Rūḥī. Qom: Nashr-i Samā Qalam, 1385 Sh.
  • Ibn Nimā al-Ḥillī, Jaʿfar b. Muḥammad. Muthīr al-aḥzān. Qom: Madrisat al-Imām al-Mahdī, 1365 SH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār al-jāmiʿa li-durar akhbār al-aʾimmat al-aṭhār. Tehran: Islāmiya, [n.d].
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Najaf: Lithography, 1349-1352 AH.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl. Edited by Jawād Qayyūmī al-Iṣfahānī. Qom: 1415 AH.
  • Shams al-Dīn, Muḥammad Mahdī. Anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a). Tehran: Muʾassisat al-Biʿtha, 1407 AH.
  • Zargarī Nijād, Ghulām Ḥusayn. Nahḍat-i Imām Ḥusayn (a) wa qiyām-i Karbalā. Tehran: Samt, 1383 Sh.