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Umm Wahb

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Umm Wahb
Full Name Umm Wahb bt. 'Abd
Well-known Relatives 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi
Place of Residence Kufa
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Activities She encouraged her son, Wahb, to help Imam al-Husayn (a) in Karbala

Umm Wahb bt. ʿAbd (Arabic:أُمّ وَهب بنت عَبد) (martyred 61/680) was the wife of 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi and among the martyrs of Karbala. She went from Kufa to Karbala at night with her husband and joined the companions of Imam al-Husayn (a). On the Day of 'Ashura, when the husband of Umm Wahb went to the battlefield, she also wanted to go, but Imam al-Husayn (a) did not allow her. When her husband was martyred, she was wiping blood off his face when Rustam, slave of Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan killed her. Some authors have identified her as the mother of Wahb b. Wahb. However, the reports indicate that she was not his mother.

Lineage

Umm Wahb was daughter of 'Abd from the clan of Nimr b. Qasit who lived in Kufa.[1] Her husband, 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr who was among the martyrs of Karbala.[2] Some authors have identified her as the mother of Wahb b. Wahb. However, comparison of different sources and reports about the Battle of Ashura indicate that his mother was another woman.[3]

In the Battle of 'Ashura

Before the Battle of 'Ashura, Umm Wahb went from Kufa to Karbala at night with her husband and joined the companions of Imam al-Husayn (a).[4]

On the day of 'Ashura, when her husband went to the battlefield, she also picked a stick and wanted to go to the battlefield, but Imam (a) did not give her permission and said that jihad is not obligatory for women.[5] After her husband was martyred, she went to the battlefield and began wiping the blood off her husband’s face. Shimr sent his slave, Rustam, towards her and he hit an iron club at Umm Wahb's head and she was martyred.[6]

See Also

Notes

  1. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 429.
  2. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 429-430.
  3. Nāzimzāda Qummī, Aṣḥāb-i Imām Ḥusayn (a) az Madīna ta Karbalā, p. 597.
  4. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 429.
  5. Ibn al-Athīr, al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh, vol. 4, p. 66; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 430.
  6. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 438.

References

  • Ibn al-Athīr al-Jazarī, ʿAlī b. Abī l-Karam. Al-Kāmil fī l-tārīkh. Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, 1385 AH-1965.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-.Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. Edited by Muḥammad Abu l-faḍl Ibrāhīm. Beirut: Dar al-Turāth, 1387 AH.
  • Nāzimzāda Qummī, Sayyid Aṣghar. Aṣḥāb-i Imām Ḥusayn (a) az Madīna ta Karbalā. Qom: Būstān-i Kitāb, 1390 Sh.