Sulayman b. Razin
Sulaymān b. Razīn (Arabic:سُلَیمان بن رَزین), servant of Imam al-Husayn (a) and his ambassador to noble people of Basra. After 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad caught Imam's (a) letter, he ordered to kill Sulayman. He was the first martyr of the uprising of Imam al-Husayn (a).
Letter of Imam al-Husayn (a) to Noble People of Basra
When Imam al-Husayn (a) was in Mecca, sent Sulayman with a letter to Basra. Imam's (a) letter was to the five chiefs and noble people of Basra: Malik b. Musamma' al-Bakri, Ahnaf b. Qays al-Tamimi, Mundhir b. Jarud al-'Abdi, Mas'ud b. 'Amr al-Azdi, Qays b. Haytham, and 'Amr b. 'Ubayd Allah b. Mu'ammar. Imam (a) addressed these five people in a single letter.
Four of the mentioned noble ones concealed the news of receiving the letter of Imam (a) but Mundhir b. Jarud (who was father-in-law of Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad, ruler of Basra) took the letter and Sulayman to Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad afraid of it being a plot of him. Ibn Ziyad who wanted to go to Kufa, read the letter and ordered to behead Sulayman and in another report, they hung him.
The names of him and his murderer are mentioned in the Ziyarah al-Shuhada', "Peace be upon Sulayman, servant of al-Husayn b. Amir al-Mu'minin (a) and the curse of God be on his murderer, Sulayman b. 'Awf al-Hadrami."
- Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a), p. 94.
- Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 357.
- Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk, vol. 5, p. 357-358.
- Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Luhūf, p. 44.
- Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, p. 283.
- Ibn Ṭāwūs, ʿAlī b. Mūsā. Al-Luhūf ʿalā qatlay al-ṭufūf. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Jahān, [n.d].
- Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Qom: Muʾassisa Āl-i al-Bayt li Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, [n.d].
- Samāwī, Muḥammad al-. Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a). 1st edition. Qom: Dānishgāh-i Shahīd Maḥallātī, 1419 AH.
- Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. 2nd edition. Beirut: Dār al-Turāth, 1387 AH.