Aws b. Thabit al-Khazraji
|Full Name||Aws b. Thabit al-Khazraji|
|Lineage||Banu Najjar, Khazraj|
|Well-Known Relatives||Hassan b. Thabit (Brother), Shaddad b. Aws (Son)|
|Place(s) of Residence||Medina|
|Presence at Ghazwas||Battle of Uhud|
|Other Activities||Participation in the Second Pledge of al-'Aqaba|
Aws b. Thābit al-Khazrajī (Arabic: أَوْس بن ثابِت الخَزْرَجی) was one of the helpers and companions of the Prophet (s) martyred in the Battle of Uhud. According to some exegetes of the Qur'an, the verse seven of Qur'an 4, regarding inheritance, was revealed after his martyrdom.
Aws b. Thabit b. Mundhir was the brother of Hassan b. Thabit, the well-known poet in the period of the Prophet (s). He was from the Banu 'Amr b. Malik family, the Banu Najjar clan, and a member of the Khazraj tribe. Aws participated in the Second Pledge of al-'Aqaba, and after the Prophet's (s) migration to Medina, he became one of his Ansar. He received Uthman b. Affan in his house in Medina.
According to the majority of scholars, Aws was martyred in the Battle of Uhud. On another account, he was a warrior in battles of Badr, Uhud, and Khandaq, and died during the caliphate of Uthman b. Affan.
Story of Heritage
Exegetes of the Qur'an refer to Aws b. Thabit in their exegeses of the verse seven of the Qur'an, which was revealed after his martyrdom. According to the tradition of Jahiliyya, one's wife, daughters, and young boys could not inherit one's property. After Aws's martyrdom, his cousins seized all his property. Aws's wife who had three young daughters consulted the Prophet (s). The Prophet (s) ordered Aws's cousins to avoid any manipulations in Aws's heritage until God reveals the ruling. They obeyed the Prophet (s) until the verse seven of Qur'an 4 was revealed,
- "Men have a share in the heritage left by parents and near relatives, and women have a share in the heritage left by parents and near relatives, whether it be little or much, a share ordained [by Allah]."
- The material for this article is mainly taken from اوس بن ثابت خزرجی in Farsi WikiShia.