Abu Darda' al-Ansari
|Abu Darda' al-Ansari|
|Full Name||'Uwaymir b. Zayd al-Khazraji al-Ansari|
|Well Known As||Abu Darda' al-Ansari|
|Burial Place||Bab al-Saghir Cemetery|
|Conversion to Islam||Day of Badr|
|Presence at Ghazwas||Battle of Uhud, Battle of Yarmuk|
|Notable Roles||Compilation and teaching of the Qur'an|
|Other Activities||He attended the Conquest of Syria and Cyprus Island|
'Uwaymir b. Zayd al-Khazrajī al-Anṣāri (Arabic: عُوَیمر بن زید الخزرجي الانصاري), known as Abu Dardā' al-Anṣāri (Arabic: اَبودَرْداء الانصاری), was a companion of the Prophet (s) and a compiler of the Qur'an. He attended the Conquest of Syria and Cyprus Island as well as the Battle of Yarmuk. He was a judge in Damascus for a while.
There are disagreements over the name of his father and his lineage. On some accounts, the name of his father is said to be Tha'laba, on others it is 'Amir or Malik. Moreover, some people take "'Uwaymir" to be Abu Darda'’s title, and others take it to be his name. Abu Darda' was merchant before the prophethood of the Prophet (s), and he was the last person in his family who converted to Islam.
Abu Darda'’s Conversion to Islam
He had an idol in his house. His intimate friend during the periods of Jahiliyya and Islam, 'Abd Allah b. Rawaha, broken down the idol, and then he met the Prophet (s) together with 'Abd Allah, and converted to Islam. The Prophet (s) made a brotherhood contract between him and Salman al-Farsi, probably before the Battle of Badr. On al-Suyuti's account, he converted to Islam on the day of Badr, and attended the Battle of Uhud as well.
Compilation and Teaching of the Qur'an
Abu Darda' was one of the few people who contributed to the compilation of the Qur'an. At the command of 'Umar, he went to Syria and lived in Damascus in order to teach the Qur'an. Over one thousand people attended his circle of the recitation of the Qur'an. In a trip from Syria to Medina, he compared the Qur'an of the people of Syria with those of Medina.
A Transmitter of the Prophet’s Hadiths
Abu Darda' transmitted many hadiths from the Prophet (s). A remarkable number of these hadiths appear in Musnad Ahmad b. Hanbal.
Abu Darda' is known in the oldest sources as a worshiping sage. Abu Nu'aym al-Isfahani characterizes him as a thoughtful mystic and worshiping sage, and then quotes some of his aphorisms. Abu Darda'’s sermons have been noted in many ethical works.
Abu Darda'’s Military and Political Activities
In the Conquest of Syria, Abu Darda' joined the Islamic army and went to Syria. He was the supervisor of one of the two Muslim bases in the region. Moreover, in the Battle of Yarmuk (13/634-5), he was the judge of the Islamic army. Allegedly, Abu Darda' was present in the Conquest of Cyprus Island in twenty seven. He is mentioned by Ibn Kathir and Abu Umama al-Bahili as one of those who encouraged people to avenge for 'Uthman. These accounts are, nevertheless, congruent only with a less advocated view about the date of his death (38 or 39 after the Event of Siffin), and is incongruent with more widely accepted accounts of the date of his death.
As to the period of Imam 'Ali (a)'s caliphate, Nasr b. Muzahim reports that, after their objections to Mu'awiya in the Battle of Siffin and their dialogues with Imam 'Ali (a), Abu Darda' and Abu Umama al-Bahili withdrew from the battle.
As to his judgeship in Syria, it is said that the position was assigned to him by 'Umar himself, and in the absence of the ruler or governor, the judge counted as their successor. On another account, the position was assigned to him by Mu'awiya at the command of 'Umar. On another account, he was appointed as the judge of Damascus in the period of 'Uthman's caliphate. It seems, however, that he was just kept in the position in the period of 'Uthman.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from ابودرداء in Farsi WikiShia.