Priority: c, Quality: b

Rayyan b. Shabib

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Rayyān b. Shabīb was among hadith narrators relied upon by Shi'a and among the companions of Imam al-Rida (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a). According to al-Najashi, he was the uncle of al-Mu'tasim, the Abbasid caliph whose sister Marida was a bondswoman of Harun and the mother of al-Mu'tasim.[1] However, some sources such as al-Mas'udi's Ithbat al-wasiyya mentioned him an uncle of al-Ma'mun.[2]

Ibn Shabib lived in Qom, and hadith scholars in that city have quoted hadiths from him. He narrated some hadiths from Imam al-Rida (a) and compiled the issues of Sabah b. Nasr al-Hindi from Imam al-Rida (a).[3]

Ibrahim b. Hashim al-Qummi, the father of Ali b. Ibrahim al-Qummi, the author of Tafsir al-Qummi, has quoted hadiths from him.[4] He also narrated hadiths from Yunus b. 'Abd al-Rahman.[5]

The most famous narration of Rayyan is his famous narration from Imam al-Rida (a) about the month of Muharram, the Event of 'Ashura and the merits and rewards for crying and mourning for Imam al-Husayn (a). In this narration, it is mentioned that "O Rayyan! If you cry, then cry over Husayn (a)."[6]

According to al-Kashshi's report, Rayyan had a son for whom Imam al-Rida (a) did not accept to pray and criticized him while Imam (a) prayed for Rayyan himself three times.[7]

Notes

  1. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 165; Ṣadūq, ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā, vol. 2, p. 238-239.
  2. Masʿūdī, Ithbāt al-waṣiyya, p. 223.
  3. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 165; Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 9, p. 216.
  4. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, part 7, Kitab al-Wasiyya 1, last chapter, hadith 2; Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, hadith 5; Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 9, p. 217.
  5. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 1, chapter "al-Hujja 4", chapter "Ma'rifat al-Imam", hadith 1.
  6. Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, hadith 5, p. 206; Ṣadūq, ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā, p. 165.
  7. Kashshī, Rijāl al-Kashshī, p. 609.

References

  • Khoeī, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth wa tafṣīl ṭabaqāt al-ruwāt. Qom: Markaz-i Nashr-i al-Thiqāfat al-Islāmiya, 1372 Sh.
  • Kashshī, Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-. Rijāl al-Kashshī. Mashhad: Dānishgāh-i Mashhad, 1348 Sh.
  • Masʿūdī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-. Ithbāt al-waṣiyya. Qom: Muʾassisat Anṣārīyān, 1348 Sh.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl al-Najāshī. Qom: Muʾassisa al-Nashr-i Islāmī al-Tābiʿat li-Jāmiʿat al-Mudarrisīn bi-Qom, 1365 Sh.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. Al-Amālī. Translated to Farsi by Karīm Fayḍī. Qom: Intishārāt-i Waḥdatbakhsh, 1384 Sh.
  • Ṣadūq, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-. ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā. Edited by Mahdī Lājiwardī. Tehran: Nashr-i Jahān, [n.d].