Sahl b. Ziyad al-Adami

Priority: c, Quality: b
From wikishia
Companion of Imam (a)
Sahl b. Ziyad al-Adami
Full Name أبوسعید سهل بن زیاد الآدمی الرازی
Companion of Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Hadi (a), Imam al-'Askari (a)
Teknonym Abu Sa'id
Place(s) of Residence Qom, Ray
Death/Martyrdom Alive in 255/868-9

Abū Saʿid Sahl b. Ziyād al-Ādami al-Razī (Arabic:أبوسعید سهل بن زیاد الآدمی الرازی) (Alive in 255/868-9) is a Shi'a hadith narrator who has narrated a lot of hadiths. He was expelled from Qom accused of Ghuluww. He is among the companions of Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Hadi (a), and Imam al-'Askari (a).

There are three opinions about him in rijal:

  1. He is reliable (Thiqa): al-Shaykh al-Tusi,[1] Wahid Bihbahani,[2] Muhaddith Nuri,[3] and Bahr al-'Ulum[4] said that he is Thiqa.
  2. He is unreliable in hadith transmission (Da'if al-riwaya): al-Shaykh al-Saduq, al-Najashi,[5] Ibn Ghada'iri[6] and Ayatollah al-Khoei[7] said that he is unreliable in hadith transmission.
  3. Accepting his narrations: al-Majlisi said that although he is unreliable in hadith transmission,[8] the hadiths that he has narrated are accepted.[9]

His name is mentioned in more than 2300 chains of narrators. He lived for a while in Qom; however Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Ash'ari expelled him from Qom accusing him of lying and Ghuluww. After that he resided in Rey. Al-Tawhid and al-Nawadir are his books.

Notes

  1. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī, p. 387.
  2. Akmal Bihbahānī, Taʿliqāt ʿalā manhaj al-maqāl, p. 198.
  3. Nūrī, Khātima al-mustadrak, vol. 5, p. 215-230.
  4. Baḥr al-ʿUlūm, al-Fawāʾid al-rijālīyya, vol. 3, p. 25.
  5. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 185.
  6. Ibn Ghaḍāʾirī, Rijāl Ibn Ghaḍāʾirī, vol. 1, p. 67.
  7. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 8, p. 340.
  8. Majlisī, al-Wajīza fī ʿilm al-rijāl, p. 91.
  9. Majlisī, Rawḍat al-muttaqīn, vol. 4, p. 202.

References

  • Bihbahānī, Muḥammad Bāqir b. Muḥammad. Taʿliqāt ʿalā manhaj al-maqāl. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Baḥr al-ʿUlūm, Muḥammad al-Mahdī al-. Al-Fawāʾid al-rijālīyya. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Ibn Ghaḍāʾirī, Aḥmad b. Ḥusayn. Rijāl Ibn Ghaḍāʾirī. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Khoeī, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Beirut: Dār al-Zahrā, 1983.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Al-Wajīza fī ʿilm al-rijāl. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Taqī. Rawḍat al-muttaqīn fī sharḥ man lā yaḥḍuruh al-faqīh. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Nūrī, Ḥusayn b. Muḥammad Taqī. Khātima al-mustadrak al-wasāʾil. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl al-Najāshī. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl al-Ṭūsī. [n.p]. [n.d].