'Ali b. al-Rayyan b. al-Salt

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Companion of Imam (a)
'Ali b. al-Rayyan b. al-Salt
Full Name ʿAlī b. al-Rayyān b. al-Ṣalt al-Ashʿarī al-Qummī
Companion of Imam al-Hadi (a), Imam Hasan al-'Askari (a)
Birth Early 3rd/9th century
Professors His father, al-Rayyan b. al-Salt, Ahmad b. Khalaf, Hasan b. Rashid al-Baghdadi etc.
Students Ahmad b. Abi 'Abd Allah al-Barqi, Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Ash'ari, Sahl b. Ziyad al-Adami, 'Abd Allah b. ja'far al-Himyari etc.

ʿAlī b. al-Rayyān b. al-Ṣalt al-Ashʿarī al-Qummī (Arabic:عَلى بن الرَيّان بن الصَلت الأشعَري القُمي) is an eminent Shi'a scholar and hadith transmitter of the 3rd/9th century. He was a companion of Imam al-'Askari (a). His father, al-Rayyan b. al-Salt, also was a great hadith transmitter. Great Muhaddiths such as: Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi, Ahmad b. Abu 'Abd Allah al-Barqi, Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Ash'ari, Sahl b. Ziyad al-Adami, and Ali b. Ibrahim al-Qummi have narrated Hadith from him.

Birth

The exact date of his birth is unknown. It is said that he was born in early 3rd/9th century. There is some evidence that supports this report.[1]

His Family

His father, al-Rayyan b. al-Salt al-Ash'ari al-Qummi, is one of the eminent Shi'a Muhaddiths. Mentioning al-Rayyan b. al-Salt, al-Shaykh al-Tusi says, "he was a companion of Imam al-Rida (a) and a reliable and renowned figure."[2] He also explicitly says that he was a companion of Imam al-Hadi (a) and apparently was from Baghdad originally.[3]

Ali b. al-Rayyan had a brother named Muhammad who was also a Shi'a narrator. Al-Najashi says, "Muhammad b. al-Rayyan b. al-Salt al-Ash'ari al-Qummi has a book titled as al-Masa'il that he has narrated from Imam Hasan al-'Askari (a)."[4] Al-Shaykh al-Tusi counted him among the reliable (Thiqa) Shi'a narrators.[5]

Viewpoint of Rijal Scholar

  • Al-Najashi: "Ali b. al-Rayyan b. al-Salt al-Ash'ari al-Qummi, is one of the reliable (Thiqa) Muhaddiths."[6]
  • Al-'Allama al-Hilli: "Ali b. al-Rayyan al-Ash'ari al-Qummi, is a reliable and renowned narrator."[7]
  • Mamaqani: "There is no flaws or negative points in this high-status Shi'a Muhaddith. Certainly he is one of the reliable scholars and there is no doubt in this."[8]

Other biographers have re-narrated the aforementioned accounts, and praised him as an eminent and respected figure.[9]

Masters

In addition to Shi'a Imams, he has narrated Hadith form other companions of the Imams, such as:

  • His father, al-Rayyan b. al-Salt
  • Ahmad b. Khalaf[10]
  • Hasan b. Rashid al-Baghdadi: he was a companion of Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a) and one of the reliable and famous Muhaddiths.[11]
  • Husayn b. Rashid al-Baghdadi: he is the bother of Hasan b. Rashid. Al-Shaykh al-Tusi has counted him among the companions of Imam al-Hadi (a).[12]
  • 'Ubayd Allah b. 'Abd Allah b. Dihqan[13]
  • Ali b. Muhammad, known as Ibn Wahb al-'Abdasi
  • Qasim al-Sayqal: he was a companion of Imam al-Kazim (a). Apparently, he was a Shi'a Muhaddith; however, there is no information about his creditability and reliability.[14]

Students

According to biography books, some of his students are as follow:

Works

Ali b. al-Rayyan has written some books. Al-Najashi writes: "He has a 'Nuskha' from Imam al-Hadi (a) … and Manthur al-ahadith is for him."[16]

Nuskha is type of Hadith book - common in early centuries - which is an exact transcript of a manuscript written by a Shi'a Imam. His book Manthur al-ahadith is also recorded as Manshur al-ahadith.

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi writes in al-Fihrist: "Ali b. al-Rayyan along with his brother, Muhammad b. al-Rayyan, wrote a book."[17]

Notes

  1. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 278; Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 400.
  2. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 357.
  3. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 416.
  4. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 370.
  5. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 391.
  6. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 199.
  7. Ḥillī, Khulāṣat al-aqwāl, p. 99.
  8. Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 2, p. 289.
  9. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 13, p. 28; Ardabīlī, Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt, vol. 1, p. 580.
  10. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 13, p. 28.
  11. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 400, 413; Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 1, p. 376.
  12. Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 346; Mamaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 1, p. 327.
  13. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 13, p. 29.
  14. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 13, p. 29.
  15. Khoeī, Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth, vol. 13, p. 29; Ardabīlī, Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt, vol. 1, p. 580; Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 198.
  16. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 199.
  17. Ṭūsī, al-Fihrist, p. 90.

References

  • Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa. Qom: Ismāʿīlīyān, [n.d].
  • Ardabīlī, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī. Jāmiʿ al-ruwāt wa izāḥat al-ishtibāhāt ʿan ṭuruq wa al-isnād. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, [n.d].
  • Ḥillī, al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. Khulāṣat al-aqwāl fī maʿrifat al-rijāl. [n.p]. [n.d].
  • Khoei, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam rijāl al-ḥadīth. Qom: Nashr al-Thiqāfīyya al-Islāmīyya, 1372 Sh.
  • Kashshī, Muḥammad b. ʿUmar al-. Ikhtīyār maʿrifat al-rijāl. Mashhad: Dānishgāh-i Mashhad, Dānishkada Ilāhīyāt wa Maʿārif-i Islāmī; Markaz-i Tahqīqāt wa Muṭāliʿat, 1348 Sh.
  • Mamaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḥasan. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl fī ʿilm al-rijāl. Qom: Muʾassisa-yi Āl-i al-Bayt li Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth, [n.d].
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl al-Najāshī. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī Tābiʿat li Jamāʿat al-Mudarrisīn, 1365 Sh.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥaasn al-. Al-Rijāl. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī Tābiʿat li Jamāʿat al-Mudarrisīn, 1373 Sh.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Fihrist. Qom: Sitara, [n.d].