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Safwan b. Yahya al-Bajali

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Companion of Imam (a)
Safwan b. Yahya al-Bajali
Companion of Imam al-Kazim (a)Imam al-Rida (a) • and Imam al-Jawad (a)
Teknonym Abu Muhammad
Epithet Bayya' al-Sabiri
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Death/Martyrdom 210/825-6
Activities One of the People of Consensus

Ṣafwān b. Yaḥyā al-Bajalī (Arabic: صَفوان بن يحيی البَجَلي), was a companion of Imam al-Kazim (a), a deputy of Imam al-Rida (a), and Imam al-Jawad (a), and one of the people of consensus. His name appears in the chains of transmission of many hadiths. He quoted hadith from three Imams directly and from Imam al-Sadiq (a) indirectly. He is praised by the Imams (a) in several hadiths.


People of Consensus

Comapnions of Imam al-Baqir (a)
Zurara b. A'yan
Ma'ruf b. Kharrabudh
Burayd b. Mu'awiya
Abu Basir
al-Fudayl b. Yasar
Muhammad b. Muslim

Companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a)
Jamil b. Darraj
'Abd Allah b. Muskan
'Abd Allah b. Bukayr
Hammad b. 'Uthman
Hammad b. 'Isa
Aban b. 'Uthman

Companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a)
Yunus b. 'Abd al-Rahman
Safwan b. Yahya
Muhammad b. Abi 'Umayr
Abd Allah b. al-Mughira
Hasan b. Mahbub
Ahmad b. Abi Nasr al-Bazanti

His teknonym is Abu Muhammad. He was a seller of a kind of delicate cloth called Sabiri—hence the epithet Bayya' al-Sabiri (Sabiri Seller).

His father was a companion of Imam al-Sadiq (a). He himself was a companion of Imam al-Kazim (a), and a companion and deputy of Imam al-Rida (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a).

He passed away in 210/825-6 in Medina.


Safwan is praised in several hadiths. Imam al-Rida (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a) had a high regard for him. When Safwan passed away, Imam al-Jawad (a) sent special burial materials for him, and said that he was pleased with Safwan.

Safwan is one of the people of consensus. Al-Najashi has praised him as "trustworthy and noble". Al-Shaykh al-Tusi mentions that the scholars of hadith regard Safwan as one of the most reliable people of his time and one of the most righteous and pious ones.

There is only one hadith in which Safwan is allegedly cursed by Imam al-Jawad (a). Shi'a scholars of rijal believe that the hadith was said in a context of taqiyya (precautionary dissimulation).

Teachers and Students

Safwan quoted hadith from forty companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a). His name appears in the chains of transmission of 1100 hadiths.

He quoted hadith directly from Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a), and Imam al-Jawad (a).

Some of the prominent figures from whom he quoted hadith are the following:

And great figures quoted hadith from him, such as:

A Fulfilled Promise

Safwan was a business partner with 'Abd Allah b. Jundub and 'Ali b. Nu'man. One day they made a pledge in al-Masjid al-Haram that whoever lives longer than the other two should pray, fast, and pay zakat on behalf of his deceased friends. 'Abd Allah and 'Ali passed away before Safwan, so he fulfilled his promise: he would pray 150 units of prayer (three times daily prayers), fast three months a year, and pay zakat three times every year.

See also